- 长度 12 小时
- 项目 观光, 温泉
- 难度 容易
The Icelandic Highlands cover the major part of the country and many of Iceland’s main natural attractions can be found there. Away from crowds, noise and bustle, the Highlands offer unique silence, serenity, peace and extreme natural beauty.
The Central Highlands
The Central Highlands cover a vast area, all at an altitude of over 500 meters, with numerous mountains reaching a height between 1000 and 2000 meters. Most of these higher mountains are covered by glaciers. Two of the highest mountains in the country (over 2000 m high) are located in Vatnajökull, namely Hvannadalshnúkur (2109 m, located in south Vatnajökull) and Bárðarbunga, a subglacial volcano in northwest Vatnajökull (2000 m).
Three of the largest glaciers in Iceland are located in the Central Highlands. These are Vatnajökull in the southeast (Europe’s largest glacier), Hofsjökull in the centre of Iceland and Langjökull, west of Hofsjökull.
- See here for all Glacier Hiking Tours
Various highlands paths lie between the glaciers, open for cars around June/July. One of the major ones are Kjölur, connecting south and north Iceland (the road is located between Hofsjökull and Langjökull). Sprengisandur, is another important path, connecting south and north, and located between Hofsjökull and Vatnajökull.
Kaldidalur is a highland path stretching west of Langjökull, from Þingvellir towards the Borgarfjörður district. It then continues further north as Stórisandur.
Remember always that the natural environment that makes up Iceland's Highlands is as delicate as it is enchanting. The slightest damage inflicted upon small areas can cause erosion and irreversible landscape wounds that can easily spread over large areas. When travelling in the Highlands, therefore, visitors must at all times uphold responsible travel etiquette. Driving off roads and designated paths is strictly forbidden and punishable by heavy fines.
The South Highlands
Almost all the mountains south of the glaciers are tuff mountains. They were formed during the Ice Age, as well as the area north of Vatnajokull. Volcanic activity is confined to tuff areas of the country and in the southern Highlands are some of its most active and famous volcanoes, Hekla, Eyjafjallajökull and Katla in Mýrdalsjökull, Iceland’s fourth largest glacier.
- Learn more about Volcanoes in Iceland
Northeast, Central-North and Northwest Highlands
The northwest and central-north Highlands consist of ancient basalt formations and it is the same for the mountains of the Eastfjords.
There are a few oases in the highlands that have unique vegetation and wildlife. The most important of these are Þjórsárver, Nýidalur/Jökuldalur, Herðubreiðarlindir and Eyjabakkar. The pink-footed goose has its main nesting places at Þjórsárver and Eyjabakkar. Þjórsárver was designated as a Ramsar site in 1990. Reindeers reside in the east Highlands.
- See here for all Highland tours
The Landmannalaugar are geothermal nature baths and a popular attraction one should not miss. Located in the South Highlands of Iceland, the area is renowned for its stunning beauty.
Along with its vegetation and baths, the area is notable for its spectacular rock formations, multicolored rhyolite mountains and expansive lava fields; two popular mountains being Blahnjukur (‘Blue Peak’) and Brennisteinsalda (‘Sulphur wave’).
It is also the usual starting point for the four day long hiking trail Laugavegur (not to be confused with Laugavegur, Reykjavik’s main shopping street), which leads to Thorsmork valley.
The Laugavegur trail is the most popular hiking trail in Iceland.
The stratovolcano Hekla in the south of Iceland is undoubtedly one of the island's most famous and active volcanoes, with over 20 eruptions since settlement.
Hekla is part of a 40 kilometers long volcanic ridge but the most active part is the fissure Heklugja, considered the volcano proper. Hekla has produced one of the largest amounts of lava of any volcano in the world. Last time Hekla erupted was in 2000.
In the Middle Ages Hekla was considered to be the gateway to Hell, and it continues to inspire. It’s referenced in Herman Melville’s Moby Dick, poet and artist William Blake banishes Winter to Hekla in his poem Winter and Icelandic composer Jon Leifs, inspired by Hekla’s power, composed one of the loudest pieces of classical music ever, Hekla Op 52.
Travelers from all over seek out Hekla and it is a popular hiking place. In addition to hiking you can ski there in the spring, summer offers easy mountaineering routes and you can snowmobile to the top in winter.
Thjorsardalur is the easternmost valley of Arnessysla in South Iceland. The valley is lush and contains amazing natural and cultural attractions.
Thjorsardalur is rather flat and has much pumice, due to volcanic eruptions from Hekla.The rivers Sanda and Fossa run through the valley, which has wide areas of birchwood and is listed as a National Forest.
Among popular attractions are the beautiful waterfalls Hjalparfoss and Haifoss, one of the highest waterfalls in Iceland. The small valley Gjain features small waterfalls, ponds and volcanic formations. Vegghamrar are impressive rock cliffs, popular for rock climbing and the reconstructed viking-era farmstead Thjodveldisbaerinn, showcasing life in the Saga Age, is also highly recommended.
Anny Mooyung Lee
冰岛内陆地区与其他地区风光截然不同， 非常特别， 徒步路线也非常简单， 徒步完还有温泉泡简直太棒了， 还要再去几次 ！