- 运营日期 11月. - 3月.
- 长度 3 天
- 项目 雪地摩托, 超级吉普, 观光, 寻猎极光, 温泉
- 难度 容易
- 最低年龄 8 岁
- 语言 English
The Landmannalaugar are geothermal nature baths and a popular attraction one should not miss. Located in the South Highlands of Iceland, the area is renowned for its stunning beauty.
Along with its vegetation and baths, the area is notable for its spectacular rock formations, multicolored rhyolite mountains and expansive lava fields; two popular mountains being Blahnjukur (‘Blue Peak’) and Brennisteinsalda (‘Sulphur wave’).
It is also the usual starting point for the four day long hiking trail Laugavegur (not to be confused with Laugavegur, Reykjavik’s main shopping street), which leads to Thorsmork valley.
The Laugavegur trail is the most popular hiking trail in Iceland.
The stratovolcano Hekla in the south of Iceland is undoubtedly one of the island's most famous and active volcanoes, with over 20 eruptions since settlement.
Hekla is part of a 40 kilometers long volcanic ridge but the most active part is the fissure Heklugja, considered the volcano proper. Hekla has produced one of the largest amounts of lava of any volcano in the world. Last time Hekla erupted was in 2000.
In the Middle Ages Hekla was considered to be the gateway to Hell, and it continues to inspire. It’s referenced in Herman Melville’s Moby Dick, poet and artist William Blake banishes Winter to Hekla in his poem Winter and Icelandic composer Jon Leifs, inspired by Hekla’s power, composed one of the loudest pieces of classical music ever, Hekla Op 52.
Travelers from all over seek out Hekla and it is a popular hiking place. In addition to hiking you can ski there in the spring, summer offers easy mountaineering routes and you can snowmobile to the top in winter.
Geysir is a famous hot spring in Haukadalur valley in South Iceland. Part of the ‘Golden Circle', Geysir gives its name to hot springs all over the world.
Though Geysir itself is hardly active anymore, the area features spectacular hot springs such as the powerful Strokkur, which spouts a vast amount of water every 10 minutes, around 15-20 meters into the air, Smidur and Litli-Strokkur.
North of Geysir are fumaroles, i.e. unlike the hot springs the emit hot water, only steam and gas emanate from these. You may be able to observe bright yellow stains at the fumaroles, this is native sulphur, which crysallizes from the steam. At the southern part of the geothermal area, called Thykkuhverir, you‘ll find various mud pots. Such mud pots are actually fumaroles that boil up through surface water/groundwater and may become steaming fumaroles during dry spells, rather than the usual boiling mudpots.
About 2 km from Geysir is an old preserved natural pool called Marteinslaug. One can bathe in it and it has room for 3-5 people at a time, but care should be taken, as the area around the pool is very delicate. The temperature is 39-43°C, depending on how you are positioned in the pool. The water is slightly muddy, as the pool is built on soil, and the bottom is slippery due to algae, so caution is advised.
In Haukadalur there has also been tree planting in recent times and today the forest Haukadalsskogur is one of the largest in South Iceland. Aspen, various types of pine, and other plants have been tried out there and experiments and research continue. We also recommend visiting the tree museum, built in the memory of forester Gunnar Freysteinsson. There are good paths and roads in the forest and the wood is specially designed to accommodate wheelchairs.
Haukadalur has been a church site since ancient time. The current wooden church was last rebuilt in 1938 but the variety and appearance of the church dates back to 1842, making it one of the oldest of its kind in Iceland.
Haukadalur is indeed a historical place. It was settled during the age of settlement and scholar Ari “The Wise“ Thorgilsson grew up there. The first pastoral school in Iceland was also built there.
For accommodation, Hotel Gullfoss is about 7 km from the Geysir area, and closer still is the Hotel Geysir.
Gullfoss (translated to ‘Golden Falls’) is one of Iceland’s most iconic and beloved waterfalls, found on the Hvítá river canyon in south Iceland. The water in Hvítá river travels from the glacier Langjökull, finally cascading 32m down Gullfoss’ two stages in a dramatic display of nature’s raw power.
Because of the waterfall’s two stages, Gullfoss should actually be thought of as two separate waterfalls. The first, shorter stage of the waterfall is 11m, whilst the second stage is 21m. The canyon walls on both sides of the waterfall reach heights of up to 70m, descending into the 2.5km long Gullfossgjúfur canyon (geologists indicate that this canyon was formed by glacial outbursts at the beginning of the last age.)
In the summer, approximately 140 cubic metres of water surges down the waterfall every second, whilst in winter that number drops to around 109 cubic metres. With such energy, visitor’s should not be surprised to find themselves drenched by the waterfall’s mighty spray-off.
In the early days of the last century, Gullfoss was at the centre of much controversy regarding foreign investors and their desire to profit off Iceland’s nature. In the year 1907, an English businessman known only as Howells sought to utilise the waterfall’s energy and harboured ambitions to use its energy to fuel a hydroelectric plant.
At the time, Gullfoss was owned by a farmer named Tómas Tómasson. Tómas declined Howell’s offer to purchase the land, stating famously “I will not sell my friend!” He would, however, go on to lease Howells the land, inadvertently beginning the first chapter of Icelandic environmentalism.
It was Tómas’ daughter, Sigríður Tómasdóttir, who would lead the charge. Having grown up on her father’s sheep farm, she sought to get the lease contract nullified, hurriedly saving her own money to hire a lawyer. The ensuing legal battle was an uphill struggle; the case continued for years, forcing Sigríður to travel many times by foot to Reykjavík if only to keep the trial moving. Circumstances became so difficult that Sigríður threatened to throw herself into the waterfall if any construction began.
Thankfully, in 1929, the waterfall fell back into the hands of the Icelandic people. Today, Sigríður is recognised for her perseverance in protecting Gullfoss and is often hailed as Iceland’s first environmentalist. Her contribution is forever marked in stone; a plaque detailing her plight sits at the top of Gullfoss.
Restaurant / Cafe
Besides Gullfoss, visitors can enjoy the views from Gullfoss Cafe, a locally run delicatessen that serves a wide variety of refreshments and meals. The menu has options to tantalise everyone’s taste buds; hot soups, sandwiches, salads and cakes. There is also a shop on site where visitors’ can browse and purchase traditional Icelandic souvenirs.
Thingvellir is one of the most important sites to visit in Iceland for its landscape, history and cultural value.
The Icelandic parliament was founded in Thingvellir in 930 and remained there for centuries.Thingvellir is surrounded by a beautiful mountain range and is the site of a rift valley, marking the crest of the Mid-Atlantic range. Today it is a natural park, listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and considered a vital part of the ‘Golden triangle’ (with Geysir and Gullfoss). Of particular note is the magnificent gorge Almannagja, which marks the eastern boundary of the north American plate and into which the beautiful waterfall Oxararfoss falls.
Other notable attractions within the park include the beautiful lake Thingvallavatn, the largest lake in Iceland, the Silfra fissure, one of the world's top dives, and Gjabakkahellir, one of Iceland's most interesting lava tubes.
Hjalparfoss is one of several waterfalls in Thjorsardalur valley, north of the volcano Hekla, in south Iceland.
This is a two-stepped waterfall, situated near the point where the rivers Fossa and Thjorsa join each other. The waterfall is framed by beautiful basalt formations, creating a nice contrast to the white waterstream.
开始时间 : 09:00
行程日 1 - 萨迦山谷
之后我们将沿着冰岛最大的河流肖尔索河（the River Þjórsá）前进，进入肖尔索河山谷。著名的哈加帕瀑布（英文the Helping Falls，冰岛语Hjalparfoss）便坐落于此。古代时这里曾是马群进入斯普伦吉沙地（Sprengisandur）前的最后一片绿洲。
午餐时我们会在Hrauneyjar高地游客中心（Hrauneyjar Highland Center）稍事休息，之后迎接您的便是位于Fjallabak自然保护区的真正的内陆高地地区。一路驶过冰雪覆盖下的广阔的熔岩地貌区，沿途我们会经过Hnausapollur湖（Lake Hnausapollur）和Ljótipollur 湖（Lake Ljótipollur），您可以远眺美景，我们还会在Frostastadavatn 湖（Lake Frostastadavatn）停留。天气平静时，群山和岩壁倒映在纯净的湖面，整个空间向远处延伸，人们的心境也跟着开阔起来。
行程日 2 - 地热池—雪地摩托—徒步
行程日 3 - 黄金圈
早餐后我们将离开兰德曼纳劳卡，向位于Hrauneyjar高地的大坝进发。达到目的地后，我们会在那里吃午餐。之后便前往著名的黄金圈，沿途会再次经过肖尔索河山谷。黄金圈之旅的第一站是壮丽的黄金瀑布（英文Golden Falls，冰岛语Gullfoss）。黄金瀑布发源于冰川河白河（Hvítá），白河的源头位于白河湖（the lake Hvítárvatn）和朗格冰川（Langjokull）之间。黄金瀑布高32米，分为两层，高度分别为21米和11米。冰绿色的水流喷涌而下，直入峡谷，景象之壮观难以用语言形容。
下一站是盖歇尔间歇泉地热区。人们在这里发现了西半球的第一个间歇泉，这件事曾被知名报刊报导，“间歇泉”（geyser）一词也正是由此而来。盖歇尔间歇泉地热区内遍布各类温泉，原始的盖歇尔间歇泉（The Great Geysir）活跃了1000多年，现在正处于休眠期。但是附近的史托克间歇泉（Strokkur）也十分值得一看。它每隔10分钟便会喷发一次，蒸腾的水柱直冲40米高空（约131英尺），景象好不壮观。
经过Laugarvatn村庄，我们便来到了最后一站——辛格维利尔国家公园（Thingvellir National Park）。辛格维利尔国家公园堪称自然与人文结合的典范——变幻万千的火山地貌区和历史遗迹相得益彰，有时也被称为冰岛的中心。附近景色优美，冰岛最大的天然湖泊辛格瓦德拉湖（Þingvallavatn）便坐落于此，山谷在大西洋中脊和辛格瓦德拉湖湖岸之间延伸。也正是这宁静美丽的所在，见证了1000多年前世界上第一个议会的建立。1930年时辛格维利尔（Thingvellir）成为国家公园。冰岛有这样一条法律：“辛格维利尔国家公园是冰岛人的圣殿，是本民族共同的永恒的财产，是不朽的议会制度的见证，神圣不可侵犯，永不出售或抵押”，（英文“a protected national shrine for all Icelanders, the perpetual property of the Icelandic nation under the preservation of parliament, never to be sold or mortgaged”），其在冰岛人心中的地位可见一斑。
很棒的经历。由于暴风雪，我们的行程略有改动，不过事实证明一定要听导游的话，他们都是极具经验的。第一天去了Golden Circle看了间歇泉。当晚因为暴风雪实在无法到达高地就在离高地最近的地方住下了。导游提供了超级好喝的羊肉汤（第二天晚上还有烤羊肉吃(¯﹃¯) ），我们瞬间就暖和起来了。第二天一早出发去高地，路上遇到几辆因风雪被困的弃车。开了几小时才到达目的地，过程很曲折，也了解到为什么一定要开SUPER JEEP。之后和同行的几个新加坡女孩以及一个美国女孩泡了人生中第一次野温泉，零下几度泡温泉，很赞的经历。总之，这是一次让人难忘的经历，谢谢我们超级辛苦的司机大人Almar。