了解 Borgarvirki

Borgarvirki (Citadel) is both natural and man-made.Photo by Regína Hrönn Ragnarsdóttir.

Borgarvirki ‘Citadel’ is a columnar basalt fortress and a volcanic plug on the Vatnsnes Peninsula in northwest Iceland.

Partly natural and partly constructed by hand, it is 10-15 metres (33-49 ft) high and reaches 177 metres (580 ft) above sea-level, with stairs leading the top so that its awe-inspiring views are accessible to visitors. The rocky terrain makes for a challenging climb, so travellers must take care when going around the many rocks which have fallen from the hills above.

Two ruins of human habitation and a freshwater well are inside the fortress, but no one knows for sure who added to the fortifications, nor when or why. It has been suggested that the people of the Húna District, who were under constant threat of attacks by the chieftains of Borgarfjörður, used it for defence in the 13th century. According to the Sagas and other medieval materials, Borgarvirki is supposed to have been under siege twice, and both times the armies from Borgarfjörður had to leave without results. It could be called the real-life Helm’s Deep of Iceland.

附近的旅行资源 Borgarvirki

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 Borgarvirki

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