了解 德朗加冰川

德朗加冰川位于冰岛西峡湾地区,是冰岛最北、最矮的冰川图片来自Wikimedia, Creative Commons, 摄影师AgainErick

德朗加冰川(Drangajökull)是冰岛位置最北、海拔最低的冰川。

地理概况

德朗加冰川位于豪斯川迪尔自然保护区(Hornstrandir)的西南端;这是冰岛西峡湾一片绝美的无人之境,该地区仅有动物与植物在“野蛮”生长。德朗加冰川便是这绝世美景不可或缺的一部分,这座占地仅为200平方公里的袖珍冰川是冰岛的最小冰川之一;冰岛最大冰川也即瓦特纳冰川(Vatnajökull)的面积达8100平方公里,是德朗加的40余倍。

德朗加冰川也是冰岛唯一一处海拔低于1000米的冰盖,是冰岛最矮的冰川。

气候变化

冰岛西峡湾的德朗加冰川无比神秘

全球变暖以及随之而来的气温升高、降水增多威胁着许多冰岛冰川的未来,人们或许会认为,如此袖珍的德朗加冰川不久将迎来消失的命运。实际上,德朗加却是冰岛近几年来唯一一座面积不曾缩减的冰川。

然而,冰岛的其他冰川正以惊人的速度融化、消退着。科学家预测,冰岛西南部的朗格冰川(Langjökull)或将在2050年消失殆尽;冰岛南岸的热门冰川徒步地点,也即米尔达斯冰川(Mýrdalsjökull)的注出冰舌索尔黑马冰川(Sólheimajökull),亦有不断缩减之势。

瓦特纳冰川也同样面临着消逝的危险,其明证就是杰古沙龙冰河湖(Jökulsárlón)的日益扩大:冰河湖仅仅诞生于上个世纪之初,如今却扩张成了冰岛最深的湖泊。

维京人定居冰岛之际,冰岛的冰川规模甚小,在小冰期时才逐步扩展为如今的磅礴形态。诚然,冰岛的冰川始终处于不断演变之中,但人类活动已然打破了自然的平衡,加速了全球变暖的进程。

为了保护冰川,冰岛人开始在冰川周围植树造林,利用植被吸收侵袭冰盖的滚滚热浪。德朗加冰川因尚无危险,暂时无需采取该保护措施。

附近的旅行资源 德朗加冰川

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 德朗加冰川

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