了解 Hítardalur地区

 

Hitardalur is an ancient manor estate and vicarage in the valley of the same name in West Iceland, close to Borgarnes.

History

Hitardalur is widely mentoned in old records. One of the the most destructive fires in Icelandic history ocurred in Hitardalur in 1148, claiming the lives of the bishop of Skalholt and 70-80 people who had gathered there for a feast. Eighteen years later a monastery is said to have been founded there, lasting until  1201, though any further records of it are scant, save for two abbots being consecrated there. It is believed to have been a Benedictine monastery.  

From early age Hitardalur was considered one of the best vicarages in the country and many important priests and scholars resided there. Among them was pastor Vigfus Jonsson, who wrote the first Icelandic children‘s book.

Nature and lore

Much lore surrounds the valley. The mountain above the valley is called Baejarfell. It is said that the she-troll Hit lived there, as described in the Saga of Bardur Snaefellssas. Bardur himself was a half-troll. The two pillars below the Hitardalur farm are said to be Hit and Bardur, turned to stone, though there are also claims that Bardur entered Snafellsjokull glacier, and that the one pillar is thus another troll. 

By the homefield of the farm is the tuff rock Nafnaklettur ("The Rock of Names"). Many people have carved their initials there.

Many outlaws are said to have resided in Hitardalur, and this should not come as a surprise when one consideres the fascinating caves that are located in Baejarfell. These are Songhellir ("The singing Cave"), Fjarhellir ("Sheep Cave"), Paradis ("Paradise") and Viti ("Hell‘). 

The river Hitara runs through the valley. Plenty of good salmon fishing can be made there. The bottom of the valley is largely covered by lava fields and soil erosion is strong.

The beautiful Hitarvatn lake be reached easily by jeep from the farm by a 4wd track. By the lake is a cabin where travelers can spend the night.

附近的旅行资源 Hítardalur地区

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 Hítardalur地区

Eldborg火山口

Eldborg火山口高约60米,位于冰岛斯奈山半岛(Snæfellsnes)的西南部,是很受欢迎的徒步体验地点。 形成历史 Eldborg坐落于一条狭窄的火山裂缝上,裂缝直径约200米、深50米。Eldborg是裂缝上的五座火山口中最大的一座,诞生于大约5000~6000年前的一...

浏览

Ljósufjöll火山

Ljósufjöll is a central volcano and fissure vent system, located on the Snæfellsnes peninsula’s volcanic zone in West Icelan...

浏览

Gerðuberg玄武岩石壁

图片来自Wikimedia, Creative Commons, 摄影师Geri340 Gerðuberg玄武岩石壁坐落于冰岛西部的斯奈山半岛(Snӕfellsnes)西南部,由一排棱角分明的六棱火山玄武岩柱组成,犹如一面庄严的熔岩城墙。 地质 Gerðuberg玄武岩石壁全长...

浏览

Borg á Mýrum

Borg á Mýrum is a farm and church estate just west of the town of Borgarnes in Iceland.  The estate is especially rich in settleme...

浏览

格拉布鲁克火山口

图片来自Regína 格拉布鲁克火山口(Grábrók,意为“灰裤子”)位于冰岛西部的博尔加峡湾地区(Borgarfjörður),坐落于Hreðavatn湖以东。 火山口高约170米,形成于约3400年...

浏览

冰岛移民定居博物馆

图片来自The Settlement Centre Facebook 冰岛移民定居博物馆位于西部小镇博尔加内斯(Borgarnes);馆内设有两处展览:一处以冰岛中世纪定居时代为主题,另一处聚焦闻名遐迩的冰岛文学瑰宝《埃吉尔萨迦》(Egils saga)。 游客可为游览博物馆预留一小时的时间...

浏览

Glanni瀑布

Glanni is a beautiful waterfall in West Iceland, located close to the Grabrokarhraun lava field and the village Bifrost. Situated nearby, in the middl...

浏览

西部冰岛

从地理位置来说,冰岛首都雷克雅未克同属冰岛西部。此外冰岛西部还有三大主要景区:斯奈山半岛(Snӕfellsnes)、博尔加峡湾(Borgarfjörður)和布雷扎峡湾(Breiðafjörður)。冰岛西部集聚着欧洲流速最快的温泉、冰岛最大的熔岩洞穴...

浏览

博尔加内斯

图片来自Wikimedia, Creative Commons, 摄影师Chensiyuan 博尔加内斯(Borgarnes)坐落于冰岛西部的博尔加峡湾(Borgarfjörður)沿岸,是一个人口将近2000的大型冰岛城镇。历史悠久的博尔加内斯也是冰岛西部地区的商贸与文化中心。...

浏览

Hvanneyri

Hvanneyri is a small agriculture and church centre in the west of Iceland and can be visited 80 km north of Reykjavik in the municipality of Borgarbyg...

浏览

博尔加峡湾

博尔加峡湾(Borgarfjörður)位于冰岛西南部,毗邻法赫萨湾(Faxaflói),南接雷克雅未克,北临斯奈山半岛(Snӕfellsnes)。 经济、历史与文化 博尔加峡湾地区洋溢着田园般的乡村风情,最大城镇为博尔加内斯(Borgarnes),这座有着1...

浏览

奥尔塔内斯

Álftanes is a town and former municipality in Iceland, located roughly twenty minutes drive from the capital, Reykjavik, on the northeastern ...

浏览

Krauma地热温泉

Krauma地热温泉是冰岛西部的一座新建温泉泳池,定址于欧洲流速最快的地热温泉——德尔达图赫菲温泉(Deildartunguhver)旁。 Krauma温泉在2017年末开放,设有5座温泉泳池、1座冷水池、2间蒸汽房以及1间休息室,供温泉客伴着篝火的噼啪声响惬意休息。 ...

浏览

布扎达吕尔

  Erpsstadir is a dairy farm in Northwest Iceland, run by farmer Thorgrimur Einar Gudbjartsson and his family. Here you can experience a real...

浏览

Árhver 与 Vellir

Árhver (and nearby Vellir) is a geological feature which consists of six to eight vents on small sand flats, some slightly elevated but most ...

浏览

Snorrastofa博物馆

摄影师Guðlaugur Óskarsson Snorrastofa博物馆位于冰岛西部的博尔加峡湾地区(Borgarfjörður),是深度了解冰岛中世纪历史与文学的完美去处。 博物馆坐落于雷克霍特小镇(Reykholt),曾是中世纪的首领、诗人与历史...

浏览

布扎達呂爾

  Budardalur is a village of around 650 inhabitants in the fjord Hvammsfjordur, innermost off Breidafjordur. It is the service center for the ar...

浏览

Leifssafn博物馆

The Leifssafn museum in Budardalur village in West Iceland features the Vinland Exhibit of viking and explorer Leif Ericsson. The exhibitio...

浏览

艾利克斯

  Eiriksstadir are ancient ruins in Haukadalur in Dalir county in West Iceland. The sagas mention Eiriksstadir as the abode of Eric the Red and ...

浏览

Berserkjahraun熔岩原

Berserkjahraun熔岩原位于冰岛西部的斯奈山半岛(Snæfellsnes),其地质历史达4000余年。 熔岩原位于Helgafell(圣山)脚下,居于斯蒂基斯霍尔米(Stykkishólmur)与格伦达菲厄泽(Grundarfjörður)...

浏览