了解 Hvannadalshnúkur

Hvannadalshnjukur is Iceland's tallest peak.Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo Credit: Matias Ärje

Hvannadalshnúkur, or Hvannadalshnjúkur, is the highest peak of Öræfajökull volcanic glacier in Vatnajökull National Park and the tallest mountain in Iceland. Its latest measurement finds it to be 2,109.6 meters (6952 feet) tall.

Due to the fact Iceland is located over a rift valley, where the tectonic plates are pulling apart rather that crushing together, most mountains do not reach over a thousand metres, making it a remarkable sight.

Geography of Hvannadalshnúkur

Hvannadalshnúkur is a pyramid-shaped peak, that is covered in ice throughout the year. It can be seen from many parts of the country, particularly from the area between the towns of Höfn and Vík on the Ring Road that encircles the country.

It forms part of the crater around Öræfajökull, which conceals a particularly violent volcano. It had a massive eruption in 1362, destroying many farms and killing an unknown number of people. The lava wiped out every settlement around it, all the way to the shore, and pumice was so thick that it posed a huge risk to sailors.

The area was unsettleable for decades. When people finally returned to it, forty years later, it was named Öræfi, which meant ‘the area without a harbour’. Now, it is synonymous with ‘wasteland’.

It had another, although less dramatic, eruption in the year 1727. Even if the consequences were not so widespread, glacial floods pouring from the meltwater of the ice were known to have killed at least three people and destroyed one farm.

Hvannadalshnjukur is located in Vatnajokull National Park.Wikimedia, Creative Commons, photo credit: Gummao

Hiking on Hvannadalshnúkur

Hvannadalshnúkur can be hiked near, by taking routes in all different parts of the South Coast, but hiking on it requires experienced mountain guides.

The path up the mountain goes through many crevasses, and involves steep inclines over icy ground, both of which pose some dangers to those unfamiliar with the area. Though you do not need to be an expert hiker, a good level of fitness is required.

The views from the top are well worth the effort.

Other sites in Vatnajökull National Park

Vatnajökull National Park is a vast area in Iceland, and Hvannadalshnúkur is just one site that should be visited if heading to the area.

Incredibly close by are two of the country’s most popular destinations. One of these is the Skaftafell Nature Reserve. This beautiful oasis is a wonderland of glacial tongues and lagoons, crystal clear streams, waterfalls, mountains and lava landscapes.

This reserve was once an independent National Park, before the creation of the greater Vatnajökull park.

The second major site is Jökulsárlón, a vast glacier lagoon and Iceland’s deepest lake. This lagoon fills with enormous icebergs, which break from the glacial tongue of Breiðamerkurjökull and slowly cruise their way over to the ocean. This was only enveloped into the park in 2017, but now is entirely protected.

While here, it is worth walking to the nearby shoreline, called the Diamond Beach after the icebergs that wash up here.

In this area, it is very important not to climb on the ice. When afloat, it is constantly rotating, and the lagoon has shockingly strong currents. When on the beach, they are melting and unstable.

 

附近的旅行资源 Hvannadalshnúkur

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 Hvannadalshnúkur

Öræfajökull

  Oraefajokull is a glacier volcano in South-East Iceland. On its north-western side is Iceland's highest peak, Hvannadalshnjukur (2109 m). ...

浏览

Virkisjökull

  Virkisjokull is a glacier situated near Skaftafell in Southeast Iceland. Virkisjokull is an outlet of Vatnajokull glacier and thus a part of...

浏览

Falljökull

Falljokull ('Falling Glacier') is an outlet glacier from the Vatnajokull icecap.  Hiking on Falljokull means experiencing a dramatical...

浏览

Hafrafell

Hafrafell is a small mountain south of Mosfellsbaer town, around 12 km from Reykjavik.  This mountain offers a great view from the top, as you&#...

浏览

Skaftafellsjökull

Wikimedia. Creative Commons. Credit: Praveen Kumar Bodigutla Skaftafellsjökull is a glacier tongue spurting off from Iceland's largest ...

浏览

Fjallsjökull

Fjallsjokull is an outlet glacier of Oraefajokull and is located in Vatnajokull National Park, not far from Skaftafell. At this glacier you'll b...

浏览

Hnappavellir

Hnappavellir is Iceland's most popular climbing area, as well as its largest. These are vertical cliffs situated near Skaftafell in Vatnajok...

浏览

Morsárfoss

Morsárfoss is Iceland's tallest waterfall, measuring 228 metres. In fact, there are several waterfalls in the area, and sometimes...

浏览

Fjallsárlón

Fjallsárlón is a glacial lagoon in Iceland, located on the southern end of  Vatnajökull glacier. Fjallsárlón c...

浏览

Svartifoss

Svartifoss, in spite of being just 20 metres (66 feet) tall, and not particularly powerful, is one of Iceland’s most popular waterfalls. The b...

浏览

斯卡夫塔山

Skaftafell is a nature reserve located in Vatnajökull National Park in the south-east of Iceland. It is an oasis of this nation’s diverse...

浏览

Skeiðarársandur

  Skeidararsandur is a vast sand plain, formed from alluvial deposits. It covers 1300 km², making it the largest sand in the world. There...

浏览

Breiðárlón

Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Bromr. Breiðárlón is a gorgeous, yet often overlooked glacier lagoon, that can be found ...

浏览

Vestragil

Vestragil is a gully at Skaftafell in Vatnajokull National Park and a popular stop for hikers. Here you get the chance to soak weary feet in a hot sp...

浏览

Breiðamerkurjökull

Breiðamerkurjökull is the glacial tongue that extends from southern Vatnajökull and into the glacier lagoon Jökulsárló...

浏览

Ingólfshöfði

Ingofshofdi is a cape and a nature reserve in Southeast Iceland, located south of Vatnajokull. Ingolfshofdi is encircled by rocky cliffs but a sand d...

浏览

杰古沙龙冰河湖

Jökulsárlón is Iceland’s most famous glacier lagoon. Conveniently located in the southeast by Route 1, about halfway betwee...

浏览

Diamond Beach

The Diamond Beach is a strip of black sand belonging to the greater Breiðamerkursandur glacial plain, located by Jökulsárl...

浏览

Þórbergssetur

Thorbergssetur, located in the remote region of Sudursveit in South-East Iceland, is a culture center and heritage museum dedicated to the history of ...

浏览

Lomagnupur

Mt. Lómagnúpur is, very arguably, one of Iceland’s most recognisable mountains, with its proud and dramatic cliff faces, flat, gar...

浏览

旅行团 Hvannadalshnúkur

冰岛冬季五日自由行|蓝冰洞-极光-蓝湖-黄金圈-冰河湖

冬天来冰岛,如果有5天4夜的时间,这个旅行团套餐是最最受欢迎的选择!......

浏览

斯卡夫塔山冰川徒步旅行团-来冰岛星际穿越|自驾到集合地,深度中等级别

来到冰岛旅行,冰川徒步是必须体验的活动之一;斯卡夫塔山自然保护区(Skaftafell)是冰川徒步的热门地点,您将在欧洲最大冰川——瓦特纳冰川(Vatnajökull)之上,探访世界上绝无仅有的......

浏览

瓦特纳冰川徒步 + 攀冰|冰岛必去特色体验|斯卡夫塔山国家公园(自驾参团)

在冰岛租车自驾,别错过这个一号环岛公路旁的特色冰川旅行团,在斯卡夫塔山自然保护区(Skaftafell National......

浏览

9天8夜自驾|冰岛环岛+斯奈山半岛

4月至10月来冰岛自驾,如果您有9天8夜在冰岛,这个自驾行程覆盖了冰岛的经典环岛线路和浪漫的西部斯奈山半岛,结合了冰岛的大众和小众景区,精彩纷呈。......

浏览

8天7夜冬季冰岛西南岸极光自驾游|斯奈山半岛+黄金圈+南岸

选择这个8天7夜冬季自驾旅行套餐,开启一场冰岛冬季梦幻之旅!探秘杰古沙龙冰河湖边的神秘蓝冰洞,遍游黄金圈三大胜景,在异世般的冰川上体验冰川徒步,造访秀美壮丽的瀑布,感受冰岛首都雷克雅未克魅力非凡......

浏览

7天6夜夏季套餐 | 定制您的主题游

如果您有7天6夜在冰岛,希望去最著名的景区的同时可以自主选择一些特色项目,这个7天6夜的夏季旅行团套餐最适合您!......

浏览

10天9夜冰岛夏季自由行套餐|冰岛环岛游+斯奈山半岛

选择这个10天9夜冰岛夏季深度自由行套餐,无需环岛自驾,即可在冰岛本地专业向导的带领下,轻松领略冰岛一号环岛公路的精彩自然胜景,将斯奈山半岛的迷人风光尽收眼底。您还有机会为行程增加各具特色的冰岛......

浏览

冰川徒步+攀冰旅行团|瓦特那冰川国家公园

参加这个斯卡夫塔山的冰川徒步及攀冰组合团,初尝户外极限运动的刺激感觉。您将在斯卡夫塔山游客中心与向导会面,向导为您提供所需的全部专业器材,包括冰爪、头盔、安全绳、冰镐,带您开启一段冰上之旅。......

浏览

斯卡夫塔山冰川徒步+蓝冰洞探秘|冬季冰川体验

参加这个组合旅行团,深度领略冰岛冰川的无穷魅力。您将来到冰岛南岸,在磅礴而壮阔的瓦特纳冰川(Vatnajökull)上体验冰川徒步,再去探访举世无双的冰岛蓝冰洞,打卡冰岛冬季必做体验。如果您在冰......

浏览

冰川徒步一日游 | 斯卡山塔山出发,7小时深度体验团

参加这个小型旅行团,体验完美的冰上探险。斯卡夫塔山是最值得体验冰川徒步的冰岛冰川,这里是多部电影大片的取景地。这个一日游长达7小时,走入冰川腹地,带您感受更深度的冰上风景。......

浏览

九日环岛行(有向导陪同)

参加此环岛行程,您会欣赏到冰岛变幻万千的自然风光——山川、峡谷、火山、冰川、河流、温泉、瀑布,无一不让人赞叹。在欣赏到冰岛多彩风光的同时,您还可以体验到冰岛独特的人文历史。冰岛共有三个国家公园,......

浏览

Sightseeing Flight from Skaftafell | Pilot Special

Hop on this flight for the ultimate hour-long excursion over the Icelandic countryside: If you......

浏览

10天9夜冰岛夏季自驾|一号环岛公路深度自驾游

选择这个10天9夜自驾环岛旅行套餐,深度探寻冰岛夏季的极致迷人胜景。旅程之中,您将尽享冰岛南部、东部与北部的无尽风光,体验世界最北首都雷克雅未克的精彩城市生活。......

浏览

自驾冰岛特色旅行团优惠套票|火山内部遨游+斯卡夫塔山冰川徒步+朗格冰川雪地摩托

选择这个旅行团优惠套票,探访冰岛的磅礴冰川与壮丽火山,进行一次北极圈下的“冰与火”主题之旅。您将深入休眠火山的岩浆房内部,在内陆冰川之上驾驶雪地摩托,还将在冰岛东南岸的斯卡夫塔山自然保护区内进行......

浏览

Glacier Jeep Tour on Vatnajokull Glacier

Come along on an exciting adventure where you'll travel up Europe's largest glacier,......

浏览