了解 南岸

离维克镇不远的迪霍拉里海岬几乎是冰岛大陆的最南端

南岸是冰岛最为著名的旅游观光线路之一,与黄金圈不相上下。

自位于西南角的首都雷克雅未克(Reykjavik)起,南海岸线一直向东延伸至杰古沙龙冰河湖(Jökulsárlón),一路美景不断,瀑布、火山、黑沙滩、冰川点缀其间,秀丽与浩瀚之景并存。

地理、自然与野生生态

一号公路串联起的南海岸线是冰岛南部最容易到达的地区,以低地地貌为主,如牧场、海湾、沼泽、河口、黑沙滩。

表层土地之下,是一片面积庞大的熔岩地,名为Þjórsárhraun。熔岩地的边缘一直延伸至海岸线外的数百米处,成为了南岸低地与海洋之间的缓冲区,阻止了大西洋的海浪直接侵袭低地土地。这也致使南岸地区没能形成深邃的峡湾,是冰岛唯一没有峡湾的沿海地区。

冰岛著名的塞里雅兰瀑布是南岸一线上第一个大牌景点

一年四季,都可以在南海岸看到多种鸟类。淡水鸟通常会在沼泽地与河口附近筑巢,海鸟则聚居在悬崖和岩石之上。雷尼斯岩柱群(Reynisdrangar)、迪霍拉里(Dyrhólaey)海岬都是海鸟们的聚居地,比如每年会在五月至八月之间回到冰岛筑巢的北极海鹦(Puffin)。还有不少鸟则是一年四季在冰岛长居,如白嘴潜鸟以及各类海鸥、鸭子。

野生海豹也经常聚居在南岸沿岸,以杰古沙龙冰河湖和钻石冰沙滩(Diamond Beach)为首。在冰岛旅行,一定别忘了在观光时多留意海面,或许还会发现鲸鱼和海豚的身影。

南岸著名旅游景点

冰岛南岸以多样化的自然美景闻名,每天都有成千上万的游客到访此地区,领略冰岛的自然之美。

从冰岛首都雷克雅未克出发,沿着一号公路南下,首先会看到两座著名瀑布:塞里雅兰瀑布(Seljalandsfoss)和斯科加瀑布(Skógafoss)。在瀑布的上方,则是“恶名昭彰”的艾雅法拉火山(Eyjafjallajökull,其上是同名的埃亚菲亚德拉冰盖)。行驶途中,在天气明媚的日子,还可以看到远远矗立于海中的西人岛(Westman Islands)。

一路南行,还将看到米尔达斯冰原(Mýrdalsjökull),在其下方沉睡的则是冰岛最活跃的火山之一-卡特拉火山(Katla)。米尔达斯冰原的分支索尔黑马冰川(Sólheimajökull),则是冰岛最著名的冰川徒步地点之一。

继续前行,将到达聚居着大量海鸟的迪霍拉里海岬。即使不在海鹦繁殖的夏季造访,海岬魅力不减。一路开车至海岬之巅,可俯瞰南岸海岸线,各异的岩石、巨大的海蚀拱门映入眼帘,南岸黑沙滩与北大西洋的壮阔被尽收眼底。

冰岛南岸处处藏着迷人的自然美景

著名的雷尼斯黑沙滩(Reynisfjara)与冰岛最南端的小镇维克镇(Vík)毗邻。在黑沙滩正对面的海上矗立着传说中由巨怪所变的雷尼斯岩柱群。

欣赏美景之余,在黑沙滩一定要留意危险的巨浪,不要接近海边,从而避开潜在的危机。翻开地图,会发现南极洲与雷尼斯黑沙滩之间没有任何陆地,不断加力的海浪威力可想而知。

经过维克镇之后,将抵达一片荒漠黑沙平原Skeiðarársandur,随后进入瓦特纳冰川国家公园(Vatnajökull National Park)园区。国家公园从南一直延伸至北,南侧是欧洲最大的冰川瓦特纳冰川、无数的冰舌,以及著名的杰古沙龙冰河湖。

这些壮美之景都可以通过一号公路到达,而它们还只是冰岛南岸美景的冰山一角。

值得一游的南岸景点数不胜数:广袤的Sólheimasandur黑沙滩上的DC-3飞机残骸、瓦特纳冰川国家公园的斯卡夫塔山自然保护区(Skaftafell Nature Reserve)、隐藏在塞里雅兰瀑布几百米外的秘密瀑布(Gljúfrabúi)、杰古沙龙冰河湖对岸的钻石冰沙滩,以及附近的Fjallsárlón冰河湖,都是冰岛南岸不容错过的美丽景致。

附近的旅行资源 南岸

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 南岸

维克镇

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