了解 南岸

冰岛南岸从西到东

冰岛南岸是冰岛最著名的旅游观光路线之一,和黄金圈一同成为了冰岛最多游客走访的冰岛旅游景区。

这条充满奇异景色的海岸线从位于冰岛西部的首都大雷克雅未克(Reykjavík)地区开始一直延伸至东部的杰古沙龙冰河湖(Jökulsárlón)附近。由西到东,这片冰岛南海岸地区有着数不清的绝色瀑布、壮观的火山、延绵的黑沙滩和浩瀚的冰川。

地理、自然与野生生态

冰岛南岸是冰岛南部地区中最容易到达的一个部分。沿着贯穿冰岛全国的一号环岛公路(环形路)行驶,即可轻松造访。南岸由特色低地地貌与景色组成,其中包括了牧场、海湾、沼泽地、河口与黑沙滩。

在这个地区的地低下是一片面积庞大的熔岩地,名为Þjórsárhraun。熔岩地的边缘一直延伸至海上的数百米处,成为了南岸低地地区和海洋之间的缓冲区,防止了大西洋的海浪直接侵袭低地的土地。这同时也是南岸没有深峡湾的原因,让南岸成为了冰岛唯一没有峡湾的沿海地区。

有别于冰岛的其他部分, 冰岛的南岸没有峡湾,图中所看到的是冰岛著名的塞里雅兰瀑布

不少鸟类以此为家,所以一年四季都可以在这个地区看到各式的鸟类。淡水鸟通常会在沼泽地与河口附近筑巢;而海鸟则聚居在悬崖和岩石之上,雷尼斯岩柱群(Reynisdrangar)和迪霍拉里(Dyrhólaey)海岬都是海鸟们聚居的岩石,其中包括了在五月至八月之间会回到冰岛陆地上筑巢的北极海鹦(Puffin)。有不少鸟是一年四季都会在冰岛长居,例如白嘴潜鸟以及各类海鸥和鸭子。

野生海豹也经常聚居在南岸沿岸,其中以杰古沙龙冰河湖和钻石冰沙滩(Diamond Beach)为主。正如造访冰岛其他地区一样,在游览冰岛南岸地区时,不要忘了多留意海面,或许您还会发现鲸鱼和海豚的身影。

南岸著名旅游景点

冰岛南岸以多样化的自然美景闻名,每天都有成千上万的游客到访这个地区,领略冰岛的自然之美。

从冰岛首都雷克雅未克出发,沿着一号公路南下,首先你会看到两座著名瀑布:塞里雅兰瀑布(Seljalandsfoss)和斯科加瀑布(Skógafoss)。在瀑布的上方,则是“恶名昭彰”的埃亚菲亚德拉冰盖(Eyjafjallajökull)。行驶途中,在天气明媚的时候,还可以看到远远矗立于海中的西人岛(Westman Islands)。

顺着公路一路南行,你将看到米尔达斯冰原(Mýrdalsjökull),在冰川的下方沉睡的,则是冰岛最活跃的火山之一:卡特拉火山(Katla)。而米尔达斯冰原的分支索尔黑马冰川(Sólheimajökull),则是冰岛其中一个最著名的冰川徒步地点。

继续前行,你将到达许多海鸟聚居的迪霍拉里海岬。即使你不在海鹦繁殖的夏季造访,这个海岬依然是一个很值得一游的景点。走上海岬之巅,俯瞰南岸的海岸线,欣赏形态各异的岩石和著名的迪霍拉里海蚀拱门,把最美的冰岛南岸景色尽收眼底。

冰岛南岸处处藏着迷人的自然美景

著名的雷尼斯黑沙滩(Reynisfjara)于冰岛最南端小镇维克镇(Vík)比邻。在黑沙滩正对面的海上矗立了传说中有巨怪所变的雷尼斯岩柱群。在黑沙滩迷人的景色中,其实隐藏了一个致命的危险—大西洋的巨浪。在南极洲和雷尼斯黑沙滩之间没有任何陆地,可想而知在这里形成的大浪威力有多强大。

即使是在大海看似平静的日子里,也会有突然袭击沙滩的海浪。无情的巨浪曾经造成了好几宗致命的意外,如果你准备游览这片黑沙滩,也请记得不要接近海边,避开潜在的危机。

经过维克镇之后,你将抵达一片荒漠平原Skeiðarársandur黑沙漠,随后进入瓦特纳冰川国家公园(Vatnajökull National Park)范围。国家公园的范围从南一直延伸到北,在公园的南部地区有着欧洲最大的瓦特纳冰川、无数的冰川冰舌以及著名的杰古沙龙冰河湖。

沿着一号公路行驶,你可以造访上述所有提及过的冰岛南岸旅游景点,但他们也只不过是南岸景点之中的其中一部分。

其他冰岛南岸值得一游的景点还有那座面积宽广的Sólheimasandur黑沙滩上停放的DC-3飞机残骸;瓦特纳冰川国家公园范围内,那个遍布冰岛特色地貌的斯卡夫塔山自然保护区(Skaftafell Nature Reserve);隐藏在距离塞里雅兰瀑布不到一公里处的秘密瀑布(Gljúfrabúi);杰古沙龙冰河湖对岸的钻石冰沙滩以及附近的Fjallsárlón冰河湖,都是冰岛南岸值得造访的旅游景区。

附近的旅行资源 南岸

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 南岸

维克镇

Vík í Mýdral, or just Vík, is the southernmost village on the Icelandic mainland, located 186 kilometres (110 miles) fro...

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雷尼斯加尔山崖

  Reynisfjall is a tuff mountain on the South Coast of Iceland. It is five kilometres (three miles) long, 800 metres (2625 ft) wide and 340 metr...

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雷尼斯岩柱群

Reynisdrangar are impressive rock formations situated near the shore of Reynisfjara beach by the coastal village Vík on the South Coast of Ic...

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雷尼斯黑沙滩

Reynisfjara is a world-famous black-sand beach found on the South Coast of Iceland, just beside the small fishing village of Vík í M&...

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迪霍拉里岬角

Dyrhólaey Peninsula is a 120-metre promenade famed for its staggering views of Iceland’s South Coast, as well as its historic lighthous...

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Hjörleifshöfði山

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by, Axel Krisinsson.  Hjörleifshöfði is a 221 m (725 ft) high mountain in South Iceland...

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Þakgil峽谷

Photo from: Þakgil and Remundargil Canyons - Beautiful Hidden Gems in South-Iceland. Þakgil ('Roof Canyon') is a hidden cany...

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冰岛沿海

Almost everywhere where there is old lava by the Icelandic shores, there are also spectacular waves, particularly in the southwest parts of the countr...

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Myrdalssandur黑沙滩

Mýrdalssandur is an outwash plain located between the rivers of Kúðafljót, in the east, and Múlakvísl, in the w...

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DC-3飞机残骸

The DC Plane Wreck is a famous site located in South Iceland, its rusting shell laying on haunting black sands. The wreckage is a particularly belov...

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Sólheimasandur黑沙滩

Sólheimasandur is a vast area of sand and gravel along the South Coast of Iceland, between the cliffs of the interior and the modern shoreli...

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索尔黑马冰川

Sólheimajökull is an outlet glacier of the mighty icecap of Mýrdalsjökull on the South Coast of Iceland. It is one of the mo...

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南岸

The South Shore refers to the southern coastline of Iceland and it is one of the country’s most popular sightseeing routes. The South Shore i...

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卡特拉火山

Katla is one of Iceland’s most explosive volcanoes, located underneath Iceland’s fourth largest ice cap, Mýrdalsjökull. Sinc...

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米尔达斯冰原

Mýrdalsjökull is a glacier in the south of the Icelandic highlands. It is the country's fourth largest ice cap, covering nearly 600 ...

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Kvernufoss瀑布

Photo by Regína Hrönn Ragnarsdóttir. Kvernufoss is a waterfall with a drop of 30 metres (98 feet) in South Iceland. Considered a h...

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斯科加博物馆

Photo from the Skógar Museum Skógar Museum is a cultural heritage museum in south Iceland. Located near one of the most popular waterf...

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斯科加尔

Skógar, in South Iceland, is a tiny village and popular stop for travellers. It has a population of about 20 people, features a regional muse...

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斯科加瀑布

Skógafoss is one of Iceland’s biggest and most beautiful waterfalls with an astounding width of 25 meters (82 feet) and a drop of 60 me...

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Magni火山口

Magni is one of the newest craters in Iceland, alongside its neighbour Móði. Formation of Magni Magni was created during the 2010 erupt...

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