了解 一号环岛公路

冬季沿冰岛一号公路环岛旅行,与灿烂的北极光邂逅。

一号环岛公路是冰岛最主要的公路干线,总长1332公里,连通了除西峡湾与斯奈山半岛(Snæfellsnes)外的所有冰岛自然景区。

冰岛最大的两座城市:世界最北首都雷克雅未克与“北部首都”阿克雷里(Akureyri)也位于一号公路沿线。

博尔加内斯(Borgarnes)、布伦迪欧斯(Blönduós)、埃伊尔斯塔济(Egilsstaðir)、霍芬镇(Höfn)、教堂镇(Kirkjubæjarklaustur)、维克镇(Vík)、海德拉小镇(Hella)、Hvolsvöllur小镇、塞尔福斯(Selfoss)、“温泉镇”惠拉盖尔济(Hveragerði)等为游客提供住宿、餐饮的大型城镇也都位于一号公路旁。

一号环岛公路沿线景点

著名的杰古沙龙冰河湖就坐落于冰岛一号环岛公路旁。

一号环岛公路路况良好、交通便利,引领自驾与参团的游客们前往最热门的冰岛旅游景点。绵长的公路沿冰岛南岸纵横铺展,仿佛一条金链,将塞里雅兰瀑布(Seljalandsfoss)与斯科加瀑布(Skógafoss);米尔达斯冰川(Mýrdalsjökull)与艾雅法拉冰川火山(Eyjafjallajökull,又译埃亚菲亚德拉冰盖);雷尼斯黑沙滩(Reynisfjara)与杰古沙龙冰河湖(Jökulsárlón)等必游景点串联在一起。

沿一号公路深入东部峡湾地区,您还将邂逅冰岛最大森林Hallormsstaðaskógur,以及神秘的拉加尔湖(Lagarfljót);传说一只形似尼斯湖水怪的骇人巨兽就藏匿于湖心。

冰岛北部的米湖地区(Mývatn)、众神瀑布(Goðafoss),冰岛西部的历史文化名镇与淳朴自然风光也都令沿一号公路旅行的游人流连。

一号环岛公路的历史

一号公路竣工于1974年,是冰岛交通建设的里程碑之一;横跨Skeiðará河的冰岛最长桥梁也于同一年投入使用;1998年鲸鱼峡湾(Hvalfjörður)地下隧道建成,大大缩短了冰岛西部与北部之间的距离与交通时间。桥梁、隧道、公路共同构成了一号公路发达便捷的交通网。

长达5.8公里的鲸鱼峡湾隧道是冰岛最长的隧道,位于海平面165米以下。东南部霍芬镇附近的一号公路路段上还坐落着另一处隧道:Almannaskarð;冰岛北部的Vaðlaheiðar隧道也已于2018年12月落成,将阿克雷里与胡萨维克(Húsavík)之间的距离缩短了16公里。

冬季时节,一号环岛公路的大部分路段都继续开放通行,只有东部地区的少部分道路会因冰雪封路。冰岛天气多变,其他路段也有封路可能,游客需密切关注路况信息通知。

一号环岛公路旅行注意事项

一号公路大部分路段为双向车道,两个行车道方向相反。一些路段在上世纪四十年代的乡村公路基础上建成,驾驶者需特别注意交通标示,尤其是即将出现的急转弯、盲视转弯、盲点与单行桥等易发生交通事故的路段。

一号公路柏油路段限速90公里/时,经过城市时需减速,碎石路段限速80公里/时。

全年均可驾驶二驱车沿一号公路旅行,但冬季(10月~5月)来冰岛租车自驾,最好驾驶更适合冰雪路面的四驱车。

无论冬夏、无分路段,在冰岛自驾必须格外注意驾驶安全。如果准备停车拍照,必须将车辆停靠在安全合法的停车区域,切记不可在道路中央随意停车。

附近的旅行资源 一号环岛公路

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 一号环岛公路

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