了解 塞尔福斯小镇

冬季的冰岛塞尔福斯小镇Wikimedia, Creative Commons, 摄影师Christian Bickel

塞尔福斯(Selfoss)坐落于冰岛最大河流之一Olfusá河畔,是冰岛南部的商业、农业、工业与园艺业重镇,约有6512居民在小镇上居住。

距离首都雷克雅未克约50公里的塞尔福斯,是冰岛西南部除首都之外的最大城镇;塞尔福斯坐落于一号环岛公路沿线,是前往冰岛南岸景区的必经之路。

小镇的冰岛语名称由两部分构成:Sel-foss。“foss”为瀑布之意,构成了黄金瀑布(Gullfoss)、众神瀑布(Goðafoss)、斯瓦提瀑布(Svartifoss)等地名,冰岛北部恰恰有一座与小镇同名的的瀑布:Selfoss;而塞尔福斯附近只有平坦的河流,小镇的“瀑布”之名便不知从何而来了。

小镇历史

塞尔福斯的历史可追溯至冰岛定居时代之初。公元873年~874年冬季,第一位移居冰岛的维京人英格尔夫·阿纳尔松(Ingólfur Arnarson)就曾居于小镇旁的Ingólfsfjall山下;而根据古文献《定居书》记载,公元1000年后才开始有人在塞尔福斯永居。

沿海渔村因地理位置便利多为经济贸易中心,作为内陆城镇的塞尔福斯则是一座农业重镇(小镇与冰岛南海岸线相距约15公里)。1891年,小镇旁的Olfusa河上修起吊桥,将南部农业区与首都相连,也促进了塞尔福斯的贸易发展。这座吊桥对于冰岛基础设施与经济贸易有着极为重要的战略意义,二战期间进驻冰岛、防御纳粹德国入侵的英国军队就曾专门派兵驻守桥梁。

20世纪处,塞尔福斯仅有40余名居民,城镇规模极小;而随着经贸不断发展,奶制品厂与商场的建立产生了大量劳动力需求,于是越来越多的居民涌向塞尔福斯。如今,塞尔福斯成为了一座基础设施齐全的大型城镇,其生活步调却不似首都那般匆忙,与自然风光也更加贴近,是逃离城市生活的完美去处。镇上还设有高等教育学校。

2008年,塞尔福斯发生地震,不少房屋道路受损,30余人受伤。地壳运动在带来地震威胁的同时,也昭示着丰富的地热能源;塞尔福斯也在利用地热发展温室工业。

小镇文化

塞尔福斯是冰岛西南部的文化中心。每年夏天,小镇都会举办“塞尔福斯之夏”(Sumar á Selfossi)的节日,届时将上演音乐演出与篝火晚会。小镇还开设了以国际象棋传奇鲍比·菲舍尔(Bobby Fischer)为主题的博物馆,菲舍尔的墓碑就位于附近。因学生数目众多,足球、篮球、手球等体育项目在塞尔福斯也颇受欢迎。

2018年,塞尔福斯宣布将重新进行城市规划,选址建立一片新市中心区域。

附近的旅行资源 塞尔福斯小镇

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 塞尔福斯小镇

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