了解 黄金瀑布

黄金瀑布的壮丽景色尽显冰岛瀑布之美。

黄金瀑布(Gullfoss)又译为居德瀑布、古佛斯瀑布,发源自冰岛西南部的Hvítá白河,是冰岛最壮丽、最著名的瀑布之一。

Hvítá白河发源自朗格冰川(Langjökull);河流跌落32米,历经两级阶梯,最终汇入峡谷,塑造了黄金瀑布这座壮观的双层瀑布。黄金瀑布与辛格维利尔国家公园盖歇尔间歇泉地热区共同组成了冰岛最受欢迎的旅行景区——黄金圈

黄金瀑布分为两层,我们也可将其视为两座瀑布。第一层也即较短的一层瀑布高约11米,第二层瀑布高约21米。瀑布两侧的峡谷岩壁耸拔70余米,一线倾斜后又与开阔的Gullfossgljúfur峡谷相接。据地质学家推算,峡谷的形成历史可追溯至末次冰期的冰川洪流。

黄金瀑布夏季每秒钟的水量可达140立方米,冬季时的水量约为109立方米/秒。丰沛而湍急的水流使得瀑布气势磅礴,令每一位身临其境的游客颇感震撼。

黄金瀑布是冰岛黄金圈景区的三大景点之一,许多旅行团也从黄金瀑布集合出发,其中最受欢迎的要属在朗格冰川进行的雪地摩托与冰川隧道旅行团。

黄金瀑布的历史

黄金瀑布是冰岛最大的断层瀑布。

正因蕴含了丰富的水能,黄金瀑布的磅礴风光才如此引人入胜。黄金瀑布的能量却也引起了外国投资者的兴趣。1907年,一位名为Howell的英国商人就曾设想在黄金瀑布建立水电站。Howell出价购买黄金瀑布,而当时黄金瀑布地段的所有者Tómas Tómasson严辞拒绝,说出了“我不会出卖我的朋友!”这句名言。于是Howell转而选择租用这片土地,以实现修建水电站的计划。

保卫瀑布的重任落在了Tómas的女儿Sigríður Tómasdóttir身上,她雇用了一位律师,努力以法律的方式捍卫瀑布的自然生态。Sigríður数次往返于官员所在的雷克雅未克与家乡黄金瀑布之间,几度徒步走过100公里的路程,与各方斡旋。为了阻止人们破坏瀑布,Sigríður甚至威胁跳入瀑布,以其生命誓死抵抗。

Sigríður的抗争终获成功。1929年,Howell撤回其租约,放弃了修建水电站的计划,黄金瀑布也得以保持其原始却美丽的自然生态。Sigríður也常被赞誉为冰岛第一位环境保护主义者,被载入冰岛史册。黄金瀑布旁的石碑上就记载了她的光辉事迹。Sigríður的律师Sveinn Björnsson也是冰岛历史中的重要人物:1944年冰岛建国后的首位总统。

黄金瀑布景区的餐饮

在黄金瀑布咖啡厅(Gullfoss Cafe)中,游客可以品尝冰岛特色美食;在黄金瀑布景区的商店中,游客也可以将冰岛特色旅行纪念品带回家。

附近的旅行资源 黄金瀑布

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 黄金瀑布

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盖歇尔间歇泉

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Haukadalur地热山谷

Haukadalur is a geothermal valley in South Iceland on the popular Golden Circle route.  Lying to the north of Lake Laugarvatn, it is home to h...

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Hrepphólar玄武岩石群

Hreppholar is a series of regular basalt columns located at Hrunaheidi heath in South Iceland. These towering pillars are located at the Hrunaheidi h...

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Tindfjöll山脉

Tindfjöll is a mountain ridge that runs south from the glacier and volcano Tindfjallajökull. It was formed in an eruption 54,000 years ...

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Valahnúkur山

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Vatnsleysufoss瀑布

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Kkaefer.  Vatnsleysufoss, otherwise known as ‘Faxi’ or Faxafoss, is a small waterfall ...

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赫维塔河

Hvíta is a glacier river in Arnessysla in South Iceland. It is one of the most popular rivers in Iceland for rafting, salmon fishing, and it ...

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Stóra-Laxá河

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Tungufljót河

The beautiful Tungufljot in Southwest Iceland is one of Iceland‘s most cherised rivers for fishing sea trout. The river lies in Biskupstungur i...

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秘境瀑布

Brúarfoss ('Bridge Falls') is a relatively small waterfall compared to many of its Icelandic counterparts, but its diminutive size do...

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艾弗斯达勒

Efstidalur is a farm that holds a hotel, cafe, restaurant, and arguably the best ice-cream in Iceland. Facilities at Efstidalur Efstidalur is prim...

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秘密温泉

The Secret Lagoon is a man-made hot spring of natural resources located at Hverahólmi, the geothermal area next to the village of Flú&...

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Friðheimar番茄农场

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雷克霍特

Reykholt is a tiny village in west Iceland, which was once home to one of the world’s greatest medieval writers. Packed with history and cultu...

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Flúðir小镇

Flúðir is a small, picturesque village located in the municipality of Hrunamannahreppur in the Southern Region of Iceland. Geography of...

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Þjóðveldisbærinn á Stöng

At Stong in Thjorsarsalur valley in South Iceland you can see the Thjodveldisbaer, a reconstructed viking turf house based on the ruins of the old man...

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哈加帕瀑布

Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo Credit: Bromr Hjálparfoss is a waterfall (or, officially, a pair of waterfalls that conjoin) in south Icela...

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肖尔索山谷

Þjórsárdalur is a valley in the southern highlands of Iceland, with many beautiful features in its vicinity. Natural sites with...

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