了解 盖歇尔间歇泉

盖歇尔间歇泉是冰岛黄金圈景区的三大景点之一。

盖歇尔地热区(Geysir)是举世闻名的间歇泉喷发区,坐落于冰岛西南岸的Haukadalur山谷中。

辛格维利尔国家公园(Þingvellir)、黄金瀑布(Gullfoss)与盖歇尔地热区共同组成了冰岛最热门的黄金圈景区。

盖歇尔间歇泉地理特征

盖歇尔间歇泉的喷发强度曾为所有间歇泉之首,如今却鲜少喷发,而Haukadalur山谷中还分布着多座间歇泉,其中就包括最为活跃的史托克间歇泉(Strokkur),以及规模更小的Smiður与Litli-Strokkur。

史托克间歇泉是世界最活跃的间歇泉之一,每隔5~10分钟就喷发一道沸腾的水柱,高达20~40米,场面颇为壮观。许多游客都会准备好相机,拍下史托克陡然喷发的壮丽一瞬。

Strokkur和Geysir是冰岛盖歇尔地热区最有名的两座间歇泉。

盖歇尔间歇泉规模更大,但如今的喷发频率极低,间隔数年方能喷发一次;而盖歇尔常常是不喷则已,一喷惊人,水柱高度可达70余米。

盖歇尔间歇泉以北分布着许多蒸汽孔,散发的滚滚蒸汽在凉爽的冰岛空气中徐徐飘动,别是一番外星般的奇妙风光。蒸汽孔周围的土地则被硫磺等矿物漆染,大地呈现出斑斓的地热色彩交织。

山谷南部的Þykkuhverir沸泥潭则仿佛是童话故事中巫婆的大锅,如锅炉般一刻不停地冒泡。沸泥潭实际上也是蒸汽孔的一种,泥浆干涸后便成为普通蒸汽孔。

盖歇尔间歇泉周边小众景点

Kúalaug天然温泉与盖歇尔间歇泉相距2公里,温泉最多可容纳3~5人,水温在39~43°C之间。在体验温泉时,要格外注意保护该地的脆弱生态。温泉底部为土壤,因此水中混有些许泥浆;温泉底部生长有湿滑的水藻,游客需注意安全,以防跌倒。

Haukadalur山谷虽为地热区,但经过不断的植树造林,这里也生长起一片颇为茂盛的森林。Haukadalsskógur是冰岛南岸的最大森林之一,游客可以经由林中小径漫步,参观林中植被,以及为纪念林务员Gunnar Freysteinsson而修建的树木博物馆。

盖歇尔地热区的文化历史

自冰岛有人定居开始,Haukadalur山谷就一直有人居住,人们还曾在此修建教堂。冰岛11世纪的著名历史学家Ari Þorgilsson就成长于此;冰岛第一所牧师学校就建立于此。Haukadalskirkja教堂为木质教堂,其建筑风格可追溯至1842年,展现着冰岛工业化进程开始前的建筑风情。

Hotel Gullfoss酒店距盖歇尔地区约7公里;Hotel Geysir酒店则与景区仅一路之隔,景区设施齐全,设有咖啡厅以及纪念品商店。

附近的旅行资源 盖歇尔间歇泉

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 盖歇尔间歇泉

史托克间歇泉

Strokkur is Iceland’s most visited active geyser. One of the three major attractions on the world-famous Golden Circle sightseeing route, it i...

浏览

Haukadalur地热山谷

Haukadalur is a geothermal valley in South Iceland on the popular Golden Circle route.  Lying to the north of Lake Laugarvatn, it is home to h...

浏览

Kúalaug温泉

Kúalaug is a set of two small, natural pools, both around 40°C (104°F), in the Bláskógabyggð area. Though they are...

浏览

Valahnúkur山

  Valahnukur is a mountain in the beautiful Thorsmork valley in South Iceland. Valahnukur is a popular hiking trail, as it offers a magnificent...

浏览

黄金瀑布

Gullfoss (translated to ‘Golden Falls’) is one of Iceland’s most iconic and beloved waterfalls, found in the Hvítá r...

浏览

Vatnsleysufoss瀑布

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Kkaefer.  Vatnsleysufoss, otherwise known as ‘Faxi’ or Faxafoss, is a small waterfall ...

浏览

秘境瀑布

Brúarfoss ('Bridge Falls') is a relatively small waterfall compared to many of its Icelandic counterparts, but its diminutive size do...

浏览

Tungufljót河

The beautiful Tungufljot in Southwest Iceland is one of Iceland‘s most cherised rivers for fishing sea trout. The river lies in Biskupstungur i...

浏览

Hrepphólar玄武岩石群

Hreppholar is a series of regular basalt columns located at Hrunaheidi heath in South Iceland. These towering pillars are located at the Hrunaheidi h...

浏览

Stóra-Laxá河

Stora-Laxa is a 90 km long fresh water river, located at Hreppar in South Iceland. It is renowned for its salmon and widely considered one of Iceland&...

浏览

艾弗斯达勒

Efstidalur is a farm that holds a hotel, cafe, restaurant, and arguably the best ice-cream in Iceland. Facilities at Efstidalur Efstidalur is prim...

浏览

秘密温泉

The Secret Lagoon is a man-made hot spring of natural resources located at Hverahólmi, the geothermal area next to the village of Flú&...

浏览

Friðheimar番茄农场

Photo from fridheimar.is Fríðheimar is a visitor-friendly tomato farm in south Iceland, renowned for its fresh produce, horse-breeding pro...

浏览

雷克霍特

Reykholt is a tiny village in west Iceland, which was once home to one of the world’s greatest medieval writers. Packed with history and cultu...

浏览

Tindfjöll山脉

Tindfjöll is a mountain ridge that runs south from the glacier and volcano Tindfjallajökull. It was formed in an eruption 54,000 years ...

浏览

Flúðir小镇

Flúðir is a small, picturesque village located in the municipality of Hrunamannahreppur in the Southern Region of Iceland. Geography of...

浏览

赫维塔河

Hvíta is a glacier river in Arnessysla in South Iceland. It is one of the most popular rivers in Iceland for rafting, salmon fishing, and it ...

浏览

Brúará河

Brúará is a spring-fed river in west Iceland which runs by the boundaries of municipalities Biskupstungur and Grímsnes.  ...

浏览

斯考尔赫尔特

Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo by Qaswad Skálholt is a historical site and an ancient bishop seat in South Iceland. History From 1056 to...

浏览

劳加尔瓦特恩镇

Photo from Golden Circle with Northern Lights, Fontana Spa & Traditional Cuisine Laugarvatn is a hamlet of around 200 people, by the lake of...

浏览