了解 辛格维利尔

辛格维利尔国家公园的大裂缝

辛格维利尔国家公园,又译辛格韦德利国家公园,是冰岛大陆上唯一被联合国教科文组织认证为世界文化遗产的地点。它和盖歇尔间歇泉、黄金瀑布,组成了著名的黄金圈旅游线路。公园南侧是冰岛最大的湖泊-辛格瓦德拉湖(Þingvallavatn)。

地理

辛格维利尔的地理地质特性在世界上独一无二。欧亚大陆板块与美洲大陆板块在此相会,且暴露在海平面之上。全世界只能在冰岛看到两大地质板块在海平面之上相会的地质奇观。

游览时,建议从美洲大陆板块一侧开始观光,在这里的信息牌上可以阅读到这个地区的更多有趣信息和历史,之后可以再走入其下的山谷。

历史

辛格维利尔国家公园内的Öxarárfoss见证了很多冰岛的历史

辛格维利尔在冰岛语中的意思为“议会土地”,从它的名字就不难猜出它的历史。在这里,世界上的第一个民主议会诞生-公园930年,维京人选址在此,创立了冰岛的议会。

民主议会也许和维京人喜欢战争掠杀的名声背道而驰,但当时的30多个氏族急需在恶劣的新环境中求得生存与繁荣。第一次集会的空前成功,让议会得以保留。每年,人们聚集在此,解决争端、审判罪犯、制定让所有人都能受益的法律。

冰岛联邦就此诞生,让冰岛人在成为挪威王国的选民前就获得了独立与自由。冰岛在辛格维利尔的年度议会一直延续到了1798年。

丹麦王国取消了冰岛的议会,直至1845年,冰岛的议会在雷克雅未克重生。

辛格维利尔在冰岛历史上的另一个重要角色与信仰有关,公园1000年,挪威入侵冰岛,冰岛人在辛格维利尔舍弃异教信仰、北欧众神,转而投信基督教。

冰岛的法律演讲人、议长Þorgeir Ljósvetningagoði是冰岛的这场信仰危机中起到了决定性的作用,他考虑了一天一夜,才回到这里宣布了他的决定。

为了见证冰岛信仰的转变,Þorgeir将北欧众神的神像抛入北部的众神瀑布-Goðafoss,瀑布正得名于此。

丝浮拉裂缝

从下往上仰望丝浮拉裂缝的美丽湖水

辛格维利尔是冰岛最受欢迎的自然景点之一,而除了上述的自然、历史原因,它还有另一大独特的景观-丝浮拉裂缝(Silfra,又译史费拉裂缝)。丝浮拉裂缝流淌着冰川水,是世界上排名前十的浮潜、潜水地。

丝浮拉在冰岛语中意为“银”,是公园内的一个水下峡谷,能见度高达100余米,温度常年保持在零上。世界各地的人们在这里穿上潜水衣,去水下享受完美的失重感,以及遨游在两大地质板块间的难得体验。

附近的旅行资源 辛格维利尔

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 辛格维利尔

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