了解 丝浮拉大裂缝

冰岛丝浮拉大裂缝是举世闻名的浮潜与潜水胜地

丝浮拉大裂缝(Silfra)位于冰岛西南部的辛格维利尔国家公园(Þingvellir)内,是黄金圈景区的热门旅游景点。这座注满了纯净冰川水的宽广裂缝常被评为世界最佳浮潜与潜水地点,距离首都雷克雅未克仅有1小时左右的车程。

丝浮拉大裂缝的地理概况

北极光下的冰岛丝浮拉大裂缝

形成于1789年的丝浮拉大裂缝是板块运动的产物。北美与亚欧板块于辛格维利尔国家公园分界,大西洋中脊则纵贯冰岛全境;两大板块以每年2厘米的速度不断分离,并在地表不断撕裂出峡谷与裂缝。

朗格冰川(Langjökull)距离辛格维利尔国家公园约60公里,冰川融水渗入多孔熔岩原后形成地下水,逐渐汇入一些裂缝之中。水体历经一个多世纪,最终进入丝浮拉大裂缝;而经由熔岩原漫长过滤的冰川水,也因此变得无比剔透纯净,没有一丝杂质。

冰岛的丝浮拉大裂缝中注满了纯净无比的冰川水

因水体始终在地下运动,其温度也常年保持在2~3摄氏度,故而从不结冰,在丝浮拉大裂缝进行的浮潜与潜水旅行团也可全年运营。

纯净无双的水体为浮潜与潜水运动造就了最完美的环境,丝浮拉大裂缝的水下能见度也高达100余米。在冰川融水中自由漂浮,裂缝岩壁与底部的纹理清晰可见,令人产生置身梦幻水晶宫殿的神奇感受。

阳光与冰川水交织出了神奇的色彩,丝浮拉大裂缝的水下世界也流光溢彩、宛若幻境。阳光折射进水底,有时还会在裂缝底部投射出一道彩虹。

丝浮拉大裂缝浮潜

在丝浮拉大裂缝中体验干衣浮潜是冰岛最受欢迎的旅行活动

丝浮拉大裂缝浮潜是冰岛最受欢迎的探险旅行项目之一。浮潜项目较为简单,不需要游客有任何提前经验,但仍有如下条件:

  • 必须会游泳;
  • 必须年满16岁;
  • 身体健康;
  • 最低身高145公分,最低体重45公斤;
  • 60岁以上参团者,需提供专门的医疗鉴定同意书;
  • 45岁以上、有强烟瘾、酒瘾,需提供专门的医疗鉴定同意书;
  • 可以使用英语交流,或有翻译全程陪同。

最常见的浮潜旅行团为干衣浮潜。 干潜水衣类似隔离服,将人体与水体隔离,更能抵御水体寒冷。游客可以选择湿衣浮潜。由氯丁橡胶制成的湿潜水衣更加轻薄,让浮潜员得以更自如地活动,但不如干衣保暖。参加湿衣浮潜旅行团,最低体重为50公斤。

浮潜旅行团将为您免费提供面罩、手蹼、脚蹼、呼吸管、面镜等必需装备,专业浮潜向导将全程带领您穿越丝浮拉大裂缝,旅行团时常约40分钟。

丝浮拉大裂缝潜水

在冰岛的丝浮拉大裂缝中体验潜水,体验在两板板块间潜水的畅快

如果不满足于在水面漂浮,经验丰富的游客也可以尝试潜水旅行团,在五光十色的纯净冰川水中自如穿梭,收获在两大板块之间遨游的难忘体验。潜水旅行团的要求比浮潜更加严格:

  • 持有效干衣潜水证明,两年内有干衣潜水记录,或
  • 两年内有至少10次干衣潜水记录,并提供干衣潜水指导的书面证明。

附近的旅行资源 丝浮拉大裂缝

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 丝浮拉大裂缝

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