了解 黄金圈

壮丽的黄金瀑布是冰岛黄金圈景区的三大景点之一。

绵延300公里的黄金圈是冰岛最热门的旅游路线,盖歇尔间歇泉地热区(Geysir)、黄金瀑布(Gullfoss)与辛格维利尔国家公园(Þingvellir)三大景点都是冰岛旅行的必游景点。

黄金圈景区交通便利,从首都雷克雅未克出发一日之内即可往返;租车自驾和参加旅行团都是绝佳的旅行选择,一些旅行团还将黄金圈自然观光与浮潜、雪地摩托、直升机、午夜阳光等特色旅行项目结合,升级黄金圈旅行体验。

黄金圈是冰岛最经典的旅行路线,三大自然景点尽显冰岛地质的神奇瑰丽与冰岛文化的恢弘迷人。

盖歇尔间歇泉地热区

冰岛黄金圈景区的史托克间歇泉在日落时分喷发。

盖歇尔间歇泉地热区位于Haukadalur山谷内。间歇泉这一地热奇观的英文学名“geyser”就源自这一地区的盖歇尔(Geysir)。

如今盖歇尔已几乎不再喷发,取而代之的是活跃的史托克间歇泉(Strokkur);每隔5~10分钟,史托克便喷发出40余米的沸腾水柱,地心深处的澎湃力量也由此涌出地表。

地热区还遍布着蒸汽孔、沸泥潭、地热喷泉等地热奇观,除了盖歇尔与史托克外,这里还分布有Smiður与Litli-Strokkur两座小型间歇泉。盖歇尔景区设施齐全,设有酒店、餐厅、咖啡厅与旅行纪念品商店。

黄金瀑布

黄金瀑布是冰岛最壮丽的瀑布之一,也是冰岛最大的断层瀑布。瀑布高达32米,分为两层汇入峡谷;发源自Hvítá“白河”的黄金瀑布水流极为丰沛,Hvítá也是冰岛最受欢迎的漂流地点之一。黄金瀑布距离盖歇尔间歇泉地热区仅有10分钟车程,也是黄金圈三大景点中距离首都雷克雅未克最远的一处。

20世纪初时,英国投资者预备在黄金瀑布筑坝,利用瀑布的强大水能发电。虽然已拿到一纸租约,但瀑布土地所有者的女儿Sigríður Tómasdóttir始终与其抗争,竭尽全力保护这片生养自己的美丽国土。Sigríður曾数度步行200公里,往返于雷克雅未克与黄金瀑布之间,与律师商讨对策,最终终使投资商放弃了修建水电站的计划。

Sigríður终于成功,冰岛也从此禁止外国投资商染指瀑布;Sigríður被誉为冰岛第一位环境主义者,也位列冰岛历史上最重要的人物之一。

辛格维利尔国家公园

辛格维利尔国家公园是冰岛主陆唯一一处联合国世界文化遗产。

辛格维利尔国家公园是黄金圈景区的最后一处景点。公元930年,冰岛议会于辛格维利尔成立,直至1798年才搬迁至雷克雅未克。冰岛议会也是世界上运行时间最长的民主议会。

辛格维利尔国家公园被联合国教科文组织认证为世界文化遗产,也是冰岛最具历史文化价值的人文景点之一。与此同时,辛格维利尔恢弘的地理地质与维京历史亦相映成趣。北美与亚欧两大地质板块于此交界,大西洋中脊横贯其间,板块分界的大裂谷与火山地貌无比震撼。

丝浮拉大裂缝(Silfra)即形成于板块地质运动,裂缝中注满了纯净剔透的冰川融水,水下能见度可达100米以上,五光十色的水下世界仿如梦幻,因此丝浮拉大裂缝也成为了举世闻名的浮潜与潜水地点。丝浮拉水温常年维持在2°C,因此多数游客会选择参加干衣浮潜,收获在两大板块之间潜水畅游的非凡体验。

Almannagjá峡谷,游客可以触摸北美板块的粗糙边缘;在冰岛最大湖泊议会湖(Þingvallavatn),游客则可以领略粗犷火山地貌的静美一面。

黄金圈景区小众景点

黄金圈景区位于冰岛西南部,与许多小众景点相距不远。Flúðir小镇秘密温泉Laugarvatn地区的Fontana温泉都是体验冰岛地热温泉的完美去处;经由朗格冰川(Langjökull)的人造冰川隧道,游客可以深入探秘冰川内部构造;在索尔黑马生态村(Sólheimar),游客可以体验别样的生活艺术;Kerið火山口湖的迷人景色也同样不容错过。

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附近的旅行资源 黄金圈

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 黄金圈

Lyngdalsheiði地区

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Christian Bickel. Lyngdalsheiði is a heathland in South Iceland, known for its numerous caves. ...

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辛格瓦德拉湖

Þingvallavatn (anglicised to Thingvallavatn, ‘the Lake of the Fields of Parliament’) is a rift valley lake located roughly forty-m...

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Hrafnagjá峡谷

  Hrafnagja is a 7.7 meter long canyon, 68 meters at its widest, located at Thingvellir National Park in South Iceland. The Hrafnagja canyon ma...

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奈斯亚威里尔地热发电厂

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Gretar Ivarsson. Nesjavallavirkjun is a geothermal power station in southwestern Iceland, operated by O...

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奈斯亚威里尔地热区

At the Nesjavellir geothermal area in Southwest Iceland, you’ll find Iceland’s second-largest geothermal power station. The Nesjavellir G...

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Gjábakkahellir熔岩洞穴

Gjabakkahellir (a.k.a. Helguhellir or Stelpuhellir ('Girl cave')) is a  lava tube, located in the area of Thingvellir National Park. Gja...

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辛格维利尔

Þingvellir National Park is the only UNESCO World Heritage site on the Icelandic mainland and one of the three stops on the world famous Golde...

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Almannagjá峡谷

Almannagjá is a gorge within Þingvellir National Park, which marks the edge of the North American tectonic plate. It is possible to hik...

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Öxarárfoss瀑布

Öxarárfoss is a waterfall situated within Þingvellir National Park in southwest Iceland.  The waterfall flows out the river ...

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Hengladalsá河

Hengladalsa is a river in Southwest Iceland.  The river has its source by the Hengill area, from valleys Innstidalur, Middalur and Fremstidalur,...

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凯瑞斯火山口

Kerið is a volcanic crater lake in the Grímsnes area of South Iceland. It is close to the three major sites that comprise Iceland’s...

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亨吉尔山

Hengill is an enormous mountain in south-west Iceland, covering an area of about 100 square kilometres. It is a vital source of energy for south Ice...

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劳加尔瓦特恩镇

Photo from Golden Circle with Northern Lights, Fontana Spa & Traditional Cuisine Laugarvatn is a hamlet of around 200 people, by the lake of...

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蒸汽山谷

Reykjadalur, the Valley of Steam, is a beautiful geothermal region close to the southern town Hveragerði. It is a popular place for hiking and h...

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Ingólfsfjall山

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Bromr. Ingólfsfjall is a 551 metre (1807 feet) tall tuff mountain, named after the country&rsquo...

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索斯莫克

Nestled between the glaciers Eyjafjallajökull, Mýrdalsjökull, and Tindfjallajökull is Þórsmörk, the Valley o...

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黑斯莫尔克自然保护区

Wikimedia. Creative Commons. Credit: TommyZ Heiðmörk is a conservation area on the outskirts of Reykjavík, popular amongst locals and...

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惠拉盖尔济小镇

Hveragerði is a town and municipality in the southwest of Iceland. It is often nicknamed ‘the Earthquake Town’ or ‘the Hot Spr...

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索拉瀑布

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Anna Jonna Ármannsdóttir. Þórufoss is an 18 m (62 ft) high waterfall found e...

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Sólheimar Ecovillage

Sólheimar (“Home of the Sun”) is an eco-village in southwest Iceland, in the municipality of Grímsnes og Grafningshreppur,...

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