了解 Haukadalur地热山谷

冰岛西南部的Haukadalur地热山谷是史托克、盖歇尔等间歇泉的故乡

冰岛南部的Haukadalur地热山谷是热门黄金圈景区的三大经典景点之一。

地热山谷栖于勒伊加湖(Laugarvatn)以北,是盖歇尔(Gesyir)与史托克(Strokkur)两大著名间歇泉的故乡,地热喷泉、蒸汽孔、沸泥潭等地热奇观随处可见。山谷与山丘被地热活动中的丰富矿物染成缤纷的色彩,瑰丽地热景观无比神奇。

历史

对Haukadalur地热山谷的最早历史记载可追溯至1294年,彼时的一次地震引发了间歇泉喷发。自18世纪起,冰岛的间歇泉奇观不断吸引着世界各地的旅行者与探险家,1907年与1922年的两任丹麦国王也曾莅临参观。

20世纪时,盖歇尔大间歇泉的喷发壮景已然成为冰岛的国家风光名片,但因其喷发频率不稳定,人们便通过各种方法,人为地刺激间歇泉喷发。例如1935年时,人们降低了地下水位;1981年,又使用肥皂激活间歇泉。

如今为了保护生态环境,冰岛人不再通过人为手段促使间歇泉喷发,盖歇尔间歇泉也已沉寂了数十年。但在2000年时,该地区的地震又引得盖歇尔再次壮丽喷发,水柱高达140米,远非史托克间歇泉所能及。不过史托克的喷发频率稳定而可靠,每隔5~10分钟就能喷发出一道30米高的水柱。

盖歇尔间歇泉、史托克间歇泉仍以其独特的地质之美,吸引着世界各地的游客。

周边景点

Haukadalur地热山谷距离首都雷克雅未克约有1.5小时车程,容易到达,与冰岛西部与冰岛南部的自然与人文景点之间的交通也十分便利。地热山谷与黄金瀑布(Gullfoss)之间的车程仅为5分钟,与辛格维利尔国家公园(Þingvellir)之间则约40分钟。这三大景点共同组成了冰岛最受欢迎、游览人数最多的黄金圈景区

以地热而闻名的Flúðir小镇也位于该地区。秘密温泉Kjölur内陆高地山路、索尔黑马生态村(Sólheimar)、Faxi瀑布等黄金圈小众景点也都与地热区距离适中。

附近的旅行资源 Haukadalur地热山谷

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 Haukadalur地热山谷

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