了解 米湖

冰岛米湖地区附近的神奇地热区。

位处冰岛北部的米湖(Mývatn)是冰岛第四大湖泊,湖中散布着众多小岛。米湖及其周边地区以旖旎的自然风光、活跃的鸟类生活与活跃的火山地热活动而闻名遐迩,是冰岛旅行不容错过的经典景区之一。

地质奇妙、风景如画的米湖还曾在诸多热门影视剧作中现身。《权力的游戏(冰与火之歌)》的北境就曾于此取景。

米湖地质

米湖位处地热区,紧邻火山区,活跃的地热火山活动在这里塑造出奇妙的地质景观。著名的克拉夫拉火山(Krafla)就位于米湖旁,而Víti“地狱”火山口即居于火山中。

米湖中的小岛仿佛由天外飞星陨石撞击而成,实际上则是名为的“破火山口”或“假火山口”的地质奇观。滚热的岩浆流经水体,导致蒸汽爆炸,火山碎屑虽沉积为火山口的形状,但这些凹陷却不与任何岩浆房连通,故名“假火山口”。许多造型奇诡的玄武岩柱也从米湖地表突兀竖起,这些石柱则形成于岩浆的骤然冷却。

米湖地下涌动的地热力量也塑造出了冰岛常见的地热温泉。在米湖天然温泉,游客能够以实惠的价格体验富含矿物质的温润泉水,感受“冰岛北部蓝湖”的魅力。

米湖野生动物

冰岛北部的米湖地区以活跃的地热活动而闻名。

虽然没有憨态可掬的海鹦,米湖仍是冰岛的最佳观鸟地点之一。喜欢海鹦的游客可以在每年夏季,即5~9月期间来冰岛旅行,在西峡湾的拉特拉尔角(Látrabjarg)、冰岛南岸的迪霍拉里岬角(Dyrhólaey)寻找这些小生物的踪迹。

米湖是世界上的最佳观鸭地点,这里生活着13余种鸭子,还有许多品种每年来此栖居。最常见的鸭种是可爱的白脸晨凫。

米湖地区植被茂盛、食物充足,因此也有多种鼠类栖居于此,而冰岛唯一的野生动物北极狐就以鼠为食。

米湖最珍奇的植被则要属球藻,也称海藻球(marimo)。这些毛茸茸、绿油油的可爱球形藻十分罕见,仅在日本、苏格兰、爱沙尼亚、澳大利亚与冰岛有所分布。

米湖周围景点

米湖本身的景色令人流连,米湖地区也集聚了众多自然胜景。黑暗城堡(Dimmuborgir)熔岩群形成于火山运动,黝黑的熔岩造型诡异骇人,神秘而暗黑的氛围油然而生。传说黑暗城堡就是冰岛十三个圣诞老人的住所。

黑暗城堡也是《权力的游戏》的取景地,另一处取景地则是Grjótagjá温泉洞,也即剧中雪诺和耶哥蕊特的定情之地。温泉的温度起伏不定,如今已经封闭,游客只能在洞穴外观赏。

Skútustadagígar假火山口与Víti火山口定会令您大开眼界,克拉夫拉火山附近以及Námaskarð地热区的蒸汽孔与地热喷泉也尽显地心深处的澎湃力量。

米湖位于一号环岛公路沿线,与“冰岛北部首都”阿克雷里(Akureyri)之间交通便利。米湖以东的黛提瀑布则是欧洲最汹涌、最高、水能最丰富的瀑布,也曾在《普罗米修斯》等电影中现身。阿斯匹吉峡谷(Ásbyrgi)则牵引出另一段奇妙的北欧传说;这座马蹄形的峡谷传说就是由众神之首奥丁的八蹄神马踩出的一道足迹。

附近的旅行资源 米湖

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 米湖

Stóragjá地洞温泉

Stóragjá is a little-known rift in north Iceland which holds cave filled with naturally-heated geothermal water. Found next to the vill...

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Bjarnarflag地热发电站

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo by LV Corporate Bjarnarflag is the oldest geothermal power station in Iceland, having been first open...

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米湖温泉

Photo from Goðafoss Waterfall and the Mývatn Nature Baths The Mývatn Nature Baths are a set of geothermally heated pools and steam ...

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Námaskarð地热区

Námaskarð Pass is a geothermal area on the mountain Námafjall, in north Iceland, less than half an hour’s drive from Lake M&...

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Grjótagjá地洞温泉

Photo by Andrés Nieto Porras Grjótagjá is a small lava cave located near lake Mývatn in north Iceland, famous for fe...

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惠尔火山

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Tong Hverfjall is a tuff ring volcano with an incredibly impressive crater, approximately one kilo...

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Námafjall地热区

The Námafjall Geothermal Area is located in Northeast Iceland, on the east side of Lake Mývatn. At this area, also known as Hverir, ...

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哈法尔火山

Hverfell is an explosion crater on the east side of Lake Mývatn in northern Iceland and is one of the largest explosion craters in the world. ...

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黑暗城堡

Dimmuborgir, or the Black Fortress, is a dramatic expanse of lava in the Lake Mývatn area. Steeped with folklore, it is one of the most popul...

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Skútustaðagígar伪火山口

Photo from Lofthellir Cave Excursion from Lake Myvatn Skútustaðagígar is the name of a row of pseudo-craters in north Iceland....

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Leirhnjúkur火山

  Leirhnjukur ('Mud Peak') is a 525 m high active volcano, located to the northeast of Lake Myvatn in North Iceland. Leirhnjukur is pa...

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Lúdentarborgir火山口

Ludentarborgir is a crater row east of Lake Myvatn, about 15 meters long. These craters take their name from the explosion crater Ludent, to the...

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克拉夫拉火山

Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo Credit: Earthquakes Krafla Krafla is a caldera, part of a greater volcanic system of the same name, located north ...

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克拉夫拉火山VIti火山口湖

Viti (meaning 'Hell') in Krafla is an explosion crater. It is one of the two most famous Viti craters in Iceland, the other being Viti in Askj...

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洛夫瑟利尔岩洞

Lofthellir Cave is a lava cave renowned for its incredible ice formations in north Iceland. Geology of Lofthellir Lofthellir was formed in a volca...

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Hvannfell

  Hvannfell is a mountain in Sudur-Thingeyjarsysla county in North Iceland. The mountain is located near the famous Lake Myvatn. The Burfellshr...

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钻石圈

The Diamond Circle is a famed 260 kilometre (162 mile) sightseeing route in the northeast of Iceland, characterised by its sheer number of natural a...

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Gjástykki山谷

  Gjastykki is a beautiful and rugged rift valley to the north of the caldera Krafla, in the north of Iceland. Gjastykki was literally blown ap...

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Svartá河

Svarta is a river in Bardardalur valley in North Iceland, around 45 kilometers from the mighty Skjalfandafljot glacier river. Svarta is one of the gr...

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Ullarfoss瀑布

Ullarfoss is a beautiful waterfall in the river Svarta in North Iceland. The waterfall is located in a fresh spring river that flows through Bardarda...

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