了解 惠尔火山

冰岛北部惠尔火山是钻石圈景区其中一个景点
图片来自: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. 摄影师: Tong

冰岛北部的惠尔火山(Hverfjall)是一座凝灰岩环形火山,火山口直径约1千米,深约140米,以其独特的外形惊艳着每一位到访的游客。

惠尔火山在冰岛语中有两个名字,既可以是Hverfjall,也可以是Hverfell,指的都是同一个地点。hver意为温泉,fjall和fell都是山的意思。惠尔约形成于2500年前,与克拉夫拉(Krafla)火山系统相连。这一火山系统临近米湖(Mývatn)地区,自冰岛定居以来已有29次喷发,它的造型富有对称美,是世界上此类火山中最大的之一,也是冰岛最热门的火山地貌景区之一。

惠尔火山上没有任何植被,似外星异世般荒芜。火山口的深度与火山的高度大致相等,造型独一无二。两条徒步道路通向惠尔火山口,登顶需要至少30分钟的时间;如果想要绕行火山口一周,则需要一小时左右。登上火山口,游人可以俯瞰到惠尔火山与米湖的壮丽全貌,尽赏冰岛火山区的独特地貌之美。出于对自然生态的保护,游人只能使用这两条徒步道路登上惠尔火山,其他地方禁止攀登;随意踩踏会给火山岩体带来不可挽回的损害。

附近的旅行资源 惠尔火山

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 惠尔火山

哈法尔火山

Hverfell is an explosion crater on the east side of Lake Mývatn in northern Iceland and is one of the largest explosion craters in the world. ...

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Grjótagjá地洞温泉

Photo by Andrés Nieto Porras Grjótagjá is a small lava cave located near lake Mývatn in north Iceland, famous for fe...

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黑暗城堡

Dimmuborgir, or the Black Fortress, is a dramatic expanse of lava in the Lake Mývatn area. Steeped with folklore, it is one of the most popul...

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米湖温泉

Photo from Goðafoss Waterfall and the Mývatn Nature Baths The Mývatn Nature Baths are a set of geothermally heated pools and steam ...

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Bjarnarflag地热发电站

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo by LV Corporate Bjarnarflag is the oldest geothermal power station in Iceland, having been first open...

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Námafjall地热区

The Námafjall Geothermal Area is located in Northeast Iceland, on the east side of Lake Mývatn. At this area, also known as Hverir, ...

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Námaskarð地热区

Námaskarð Pass is a geothermal area on the mountain Námafjall, in north Iceland, less than half an hour’s drive from Lake M&...

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Stóragjá地洞温泉

Stóragjá is a little-known rift in north Iceland which holds cave filled with naturally-heated geothermal water. Found next to the vill...

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米湖

Mývatn is a beautiful lake with many small islands in the north of Iceland, the fourth largest lake in the country. Due to its serenity, bird...

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Lúdentarborgir火山口

Ludentarborgir is a crater row east of Lake Myvatn, about 15 meters long. These craters take their name from the explosion crater Ludent, to the...

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洛夫瑟利尔岩洞

Lofthellir Cave is a lava cave renowned for its incredible ice formations in north Iceland. Geology of Lofthellir Lofthellir was formed in a volca...

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Skútustaðagígar伪火山口

Photo from Lofthellir Cave Excursion from Lake Myvatn Skútustaðagígar is the name of a row of pseudo-craters in north Iceland....

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Hvannfell

  Hvannfell is a mountain in Sudur-Thingeyjarsysla county in North Iceland. The mountain is located near the famous Lake Myvatn. The Burfellshr...

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Leirhnjúkur火山

  Leirhnjukur ('Mud Peak') is a 525 m high active volcano, located to the northeast of Lake Myvatn in North Iceland. Leirhnjukur is pa...

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克拉夫拉火山

Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo Credit: Earthquakes Krafla Krafla is a caldera, part of a greater volcanic system of the same name, located north ...

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克拉夫拉火山VIti火山口湖

Viti (meaning 'Hell') in Krafla is an explosion crater. It is one of the two most famous Viti craters in Iceland, the other being Viti in Askj...

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钻石圈

The Diamond Circle is a famed 260 kilometre (162 mile) sightseeing route in the northeast of Iceland, characterised by its sheer number of natural a...

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Gjástykki山谷

  Gjastykki is a beautiful and rugged rift valley to the north of the caldera Krafla, in the north of Iceland. Gjastykki was literally blown ap...

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Hrossaborg火山口

Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by genevieverossier  Hrossaborg, in northeast Iceland, is a tephra and scoria crater. Its name means &ls...

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Svartá河

Svarta is a river in Bardardalur valley in North Iceland, around 45 kilometers from the mighty Skjalfandafljot glacier river. Svarta is one of the gr...

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