了解 Grjótagjá地洞温泉

冰岛北部的Grjótagjá地洞温泉是美剧《权力的游戏》的取景地,是一座奇妙的地热熔岩洞穴图片来自Andrés Nieto Porras

Grjótagjá地洞温泉坐落于冰岛北部的米湖(Mývatn)附近,幽深的火山熔岩洞穴中隐藏着一座美丽的地热温泉。

历史

Grjótagjá地洞温泉的发现历史可以追溯至18世纪早期,因犯罪而被法律驱逐的Jón Markússon就隐居在洞穴中。冰岛历史与民间传说记载了许多“逐客”的神秘事迹;他们被议会驱逐出人类社会,而幽暗可怖的熔岩洞穴就成为了他们的最佳栖居地。

Jón Markússon的事迹鲜有流传,这座洞穴在他去世后却成了当地人泡温泉的完美场所。进入二十世纪七十年代,冰岛的剧烈火山地热活动对洞穴地质产生了巨大影响,Grjótagjá洞穴从此不再适合进入。

1975~1984年期间,克拉法拉火山(Krafla)喷发了九次,与火山系统相连的Grjótagjá温泉也随之沸腾。1984年后,温泉的温度渐渐下降,但也会陡然升高;周边区域的地表浅层还隐藏着液态岩,其地表也极不稳定。因此,慕名而来游览温泉的游客最好不要贸然踏入温泉,以免被灼伤。

洞内别有一番天地,即便不体验的温泉,也能直观感受到冰岛地质之美。Grjótagjá地洞温泉还曾吸引大热美剧《权力的游戏(冰与火之歌)》来此取景。第三季第四集,雪诺与耶哥蕊特的定情场景正是在这座温泉洞内拍摄的。剧组利用特效增加了一处瀑布,但洞穴的全貌也被完整呈现出来。剧组还将洞穴用作了维斯特洛大陆的特效制作。

温泉洞附近,同样位于米湖景区黑暗城堡(Dimmuborgir)也是《权力的游戏》的取景地之一,第二季、第三季中,曼斯·雷德的野人营地就取景于该地。

Grjótagjá地洞温泉中的温泉温度在不断变化图片来自Wikimedia, Creative Commons, 摄影师Petr Brož

斯奈山半岛的教会山(Kirkjufell,也称“草帽山”)与冰岛南岸的雷尼斯岩柱(Reynisdrangar)也出现在了第七季中;瓦特纳冰川(Vatnajökull)、辛格维利尔国家公园(Þingvellir)也都是重要的取景地。剧组还经常使用特效技术,将冰岛的山峰与瀑布与其他国家的自然景观拼合成独一无二的场景。

如何前往Grjótagjá地洞温泉        

Grjótagjá洞穴位于米湖地区,是冰岛北部钻石圈景区的一个景点,距离一号环岛公路沿线附近。如果从黑暗城堡前往洞穴,需要经过一条崎岖的岩石小径,需要一定体力才能徒步前往。如果不想徒步,可以直接开车到洞穴旁的停车场。

附近的旅行资源 Grjótagjá地洞温泉

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附近的景点 Grjótagjá地洞温泉

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Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Tong Hverfjall is a tuff ring volcano with an incredibly impressive crater, approximately one kilo...

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米湖温泉

Photo from Goðafoss Waterfall and the Mývatn Nature Baths The Mývatn Nature Baths are a set of geothermally heated pools and steam ...

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哈法尔火山

Hverfell is an explosion crater on the east side of Lake Mývatn in northern Iceland and is one of the largest explosion craters in the world. ...

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Bjarnarflag地热发电站

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo by LV Corporate Bjarnarflag is the oldest geothermal power station in Iceland, having been first open...

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Námafjall地热区

The Námafjall Geothermal Area is located in Northeast Iceland, on the east side of Lake Mývatn. At this area, also known as Hverir, ...

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Námaskarð地热区

Námaskarð Pass is a geothermal area on the mountain Námafjall, in north Iceland, less than half an hour’s drive from Lake M&...

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Stóragjá地洞温泉

Stóragjá is a little-known rift in north Iceland which holds cave filled with naturally-heated geothermal water. Found next to the vill...

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米湖

Mývatn is a beautiful lake with many small islands in the north of Iceland, the fourth largest lake in the country. Due to its serenity, bird...

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黑暗城堡

Dimmuborgir, or the Black Fortress, is a dramatic expanse of lava in the Lake Mývatn area. Steeped with folklore, it is one of the most popul...

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Lúdentarborgir火山口

Ludentarborgir is a crater row east of Lake Myvatn, about 15 meters long. These craters take their name from the explosion crater Ludent, to the...

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洛夫瑟利尔岩洞

Lofthellir Cave is a lava cave renowned for its incredible ice formations in north Iceland. Geology of Lofthellir Lofthellir was formed in a volca...

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Hvannfell

  Hvannfell is a mountain in Sudur-Thingeyjarsysla county in North Iceland. The mountain is located near the famous Lake Myvatn. The Burfellshr...

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Skútustaðagígar伪火山口

Photo from Lofthellir Cave Excursion from Lake Myvatn Skútustaðagígar is the name of a row of pseudo-craters in north Iceland....

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克拉夫拉火山

Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo Credit: Earthquakes Krafla Krafla is a caldera, part of a greater volcanic system of the same name, located north ...

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Leirhnjúkur火山

  Leirhnjukur ('Mud Peak') is a 525 m high active volcano, located to the northeast of Lake Myvatn in North Iceland. Leirhnjukur is pa...

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克拉夫拉火山VIti火山口湖

Viti (meaning 'Hell') in Krafla is an explosion crater. It is one of the two most famous Viti craters in Iceland, the other being Viti in Askj...

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钻石圈

The Diamond Circle is a famed 260 kilometre (162 mile) sightseeing route in the northeast of Iceland, characterised by its sheer number of natural a...

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Gjástykki山谷

  Gjastykki is a beautiful and rugged rift valley to the north of the caldera Krafla, in the north of Iceland. Gjastykki was literally blown ap...

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Hrossaborg火山口

Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by genevieverossier  Hrossaborg, in northeast Iceland, is a tephra and scoria crater. Its name means &ls...

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塞尔福斯瀑布

Selfoss is a beautiful waterfall in north Iceland, often visited on Diamond Circle tours. It is not to be confused with the town of the same name i...

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