了解 Námafjall地热区

冰岛Námafjall是位于北部米湖附近的巨型地热蒸汽区

Námafjall地热区位于冰岛北部,地处冰岛第四大湖米湖(Mývatn)东侧。

Námafjall地热区的别名是Hverir,意为“温泉群”,这片广袤的地热区上散布着众多沸泥潭与蒸汽孔。地热区的土地也被各种矿物质点染,复杂的化学反映在地表留下了七彩斑斓的颜色;蓝色、橙色、红色、灰色、黄色等各式各样绚烂且迷人的色彩均有分布,令人眼花缭乱。

地热区中色彩各异的硫磺晶体,也为这片贫瘠的土地增添不少亮色,但空气中却也漂浮着浓郁的硫磺味:俗称“臭鸡蛋”味。

虽然Námafjall地热区有着异世般神奇的火山特色地貌,但却几乎没有植物生长,呈现出一片荒凉萧索的景象。这是因为在地热产生的过程中会产生大量的酸,这些强酸严重阻碍了植物的生长,使得这片土壤植被极为稀少。

Námafjall地热区旁有一条可以通往附近Námaskarð地热区以及同名Námafjall山的徒步小径,沿着这条徒步道,游客可以绕行一圈,终点是地热区的停车场及公路。

该地区的地热发电站建于1969年,坐落在地热区的西部。这座地热发电站从七十年代末起一直服务至今,生产容量近3MW的地热能源。

目前发电站有意将地热产能提升至90MW,但环保人士则担心此举会对附近的米湖(Mývatn)的生态环境造成严重的破坏。环境组织负责人呼吁当地政府对提高发电站产能的计划重新进行环境评估,双方对于此事的争论仍在进行中。

附近的旅行资源 Námafjall地热区

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 Námafjall地热区

Námaskarð地热区

Námaskarð Pass is a geothermal area on the mountain Námafjall, in north Iceland, less than half an hour’s drive from Lake M&...

浏览

米湖温泉

Photo from Goðafoss Waterfall and the Mývatn Nature Baths The Mývatn Nature Baths are a set of geothermally heated pools and steam ...

浏览

Bjarnarflag地热发电站

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo by LV Corporate Bjarnarflag is the oldest geothermal power station in Iceland, having been first open...

浏览

Grjótagjá地洞温泉

Photo by Andrés Nieto Porras Grjótagjá is a small lava cave located near lake Mývatn in north Iceland, famous for fe...

浏览

惠尔火山

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Tong Hverfjall is a tuff ring volcano with an incredibly impressive crater, approximately one kilo...

浏览

哈法尔火山

Hverfell is an explosion crater on the east side of Lake Mývatn in northern Iceland and is one of the largest explosion craters in the world. ...

浏览

Stóragjá地洞温泉

Stóragjá is a little-known rift in north Iceland which holds cave filled with naturally-heated geothermal water. Found next to the vill...

浏览

米湖

Mývatn is a beautiful lake with many small islands in the north of Iceland, the fourth largest lake in the country. Due to its serenity, bird...

浏览

黑暗城堡

Dimmuborgir, or the Black Fortress, is a dramatic expanse of lava in the Lake Mývatn area. Steeped with folklore, it is one of the most popul...

浏览

洛夫瑟利尔岩洞

Lofthellir Cave is a lava cave renowned for its incredible ice formations in north Iceland. Geology of Lofthellir Lofthellir was formed in a volca...

浏览

Lúdentarborgir火山口

Ludentarborgir is a crater row east of Lake Myvatn, about 15 meters long. These craters take their name from the explosion crater Ludent, to the...

浏览

Hvannfell

  Hvannfell is a mountain in Sudur-Thingeyjarsysla county in North Iceland. The mountain is located near the famous Lake Myvatn. The Burfellshr...

浏览

克拉夫拉火山

Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo Credit: Earthquakes Krafla Krafla is a caldera, part of a greater volcanic system of the same name, located north ...

浏览

Leirhnjúkur火山

  Leirhnjukur ('Mud Peak') is a 525 m high active volcano, located to the northeast of Lake Myvatn in North Iceland. Leirhnjukur is pa...

浏览

克拉夫拉火山VIti火山口湖

Viti (meaning 'Hell') in Krafla is an explosion crater. It is one of the two most famous Viti craters in Iceland, the other being Viti in Askj...

浏览

Skútustaðagígar伪火山口

Photo from Lofthellir Cave Excursion from Lake Myvatn Skútustaðagígar is the name of a row of pseudo-craters in north Iceland....

浏览

Gjástykki山谷

  Gjastykki is a beautiful and rugged rift valley to the north of the caldera Krafla, in the north of Iceland. Gjastykki was literally blown ap...

浏览

钻石圈

The Diamond Circle is a famed 260 kilometre (162 mile) sightseeing route in the northeast of Iceland, characterised by its sheer number of natural a...

浏览

Hrossaborg火山口

Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by genevieverossier  Hrossaborg, in northeast Iceland, is a tephra and scoria crater. Its name means &ls...

浏览

塞尔福斯瀑布

Selfoss is a beautiful waterfall in north Iceland, often visited on Diamond Circle tours. It is not to be confused with the town of the same name i...

浏览