了解 教会山

夏季午夜的草帽山披着彩霞

冰岛斯奈山半岛的Kirkjufell直译为教会山(又译为教堂山),因为外形酷似草帽,在中文中得名“草帽山”。它位于冰岛西部斯奈山半岛之上,距离格伦达菲厄泽小镇(Grundarfjörður)不远,独特的外型吸引了无数世界各地的摄影师和游客到访,是冰岛“被拍摄次数最多”的山峰。

教会山的山体有着像教堂房顶般陡斜的两侧,从不同的角度欣赏它还会变成像巫婆的帽子或者冰淇淋一样的形状。

教会山摄影

高463米的教会山无疑是冰岛西部斯奈山半岛最具代表性的地标。几个世纪以来,它肩负者为航海员和旅行者们提供醒目坐标的功能。随着冰岛旅游业日益发展,它也渐渐成为了摄影师和行摄爱好者们最爱拍摄的冰岛风光之一。

在距离教会山不远处有三道名为“教会山瀑布”(Kirkjufellsfoss)的小瀑布,步行至瀑布内侧,就能到达拍摄教会山的最佳机位。这个经典机位不但能捕捉到远处的教会山,近处瀑布的湍急水流提供了绝佳前景。

虽然教会山瀑布的高度不高,但随着冰岛四季的天气气候变化,这道瀑布也会展现出不同的美态—夏季午夜阳光下的妩媚、冬季北极光下的动人,都是让它成为斯奈山半岛必访景点的原因。

冬季的草帽山披上白雪,完全是另一幅景色

教会山的底部有一个面积颇大的湖泊,在无风的日子,平静的湖面犹如明镜般把教会山的影像复刻在水中,为摄影师们制造出又一个绝佳的摄影机会。

教会山本身也会随着冰岛四季的变化,展现出不同的魅力。阳光充沛的夏季,教会山是葱郁的绿色;冬季时,教会山被积雪染成白色,显得格外纯净、祥和。当然,在冰岛夏天5至8月“极昼”的午夜阳光和9至4月的北极光衬托下,教会山的绝色更是让人心醉。

如果你是美剧《权力的游戏》的忠实粉丝,应该也不难发现教会山曾多次在剧中露脸。教会山在该剧中被设定为在“城墙以北”,当主角雪诺(Jon Snow)、猎犬(The Hound)追踪异鬼时,教会山就是他们口中所说指的“那座像箭头般的山”。

教会山徒步

教会山有一条相当陡峭、可以沿着徒步的小径,挑战者可以边攀登边欣赏周围田野、嶙峋的海岸线、河流等壮丽的全景。登上山顶至少需要大约一个半小时,往返山顶和平地需要至少3小时。

需要留意的是徒步这座山需要很高且纯熟的登山技巧,不推荐没有登山经验或者初阶者挑战。即使你有丰富的登山经验,也建议你报名参加徒步旅行团,在专业的登山向导带领下进行这次的挑战。

2018年时,在这里就曾经发生过致命的登山意外,为了避免惨案再次发生,建议一定要量力而为。

如何前往教会山

教会山距离格伦达菲厄泽小镇非常近,从冰岛首都雷克雅未克自驾出发到西部斯奈山半岛上的这个小镇只需要大概两小时的车程。到达小镇后,你只需要沿着54号公路开车几分钟,即可抵达教会山。在教会山脚下设有免费的停车场,你可以用自己的旅行节奏在此游览观光。

如果不租车自驾,可以参加各类斯奈山旅行团,从首都出发来这里观光游玩。

附近的旅行资源 教会山

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 教会山

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