了解 格伦达菲厄泽小镇

冰岛斯奈山半岛的格伦达菲厄泽小镇,教会山(草帽山)就在小镇旁图片来自Wikimedia, Creative Commons,摄影师Chensiyuan 

格伦达菲厄泽小镇(Grundarfjörður)坐落于冰岛西部斯奈山半岛(Snæfellsnes)的北岸,人口约872,2004年起与法国潘波勒小镇结为姊妹城镇。

小镇坐拥天然良港,船运发达,渔业与鱼类加工是小镇的主要经济支柱。而近年来,随着斯奈山半岛在冰岛旅行者之间声名鹊起,格伦达菲厄泽小镇的旅游服务业也逐渐发展起来;因基础设施完备,许多游客会特意途径小镇游览,或者选择在小镇上住宿。游客还可从小镇出发,参加骑马、露营、攀冰等户外探险活动;小镇旁还有一座九洞高尔夫球场。

小镇上有一座公共图书馆、一座历史文化中心、一家咖啡厅,镇上洋溢着温馨淳朴的文化气息。Bæringsstofa则是格伦达菲厄泽小镇为了纪念著名摄影师以及荣誉镇民Bæring Cecilsson而建立的摄影展览馆。

教会山(草帽山)

冰岛冬季银装素裹的斯奈山半岛草帽山

格伦达菲厄泽小镇的明星景点并非城镇本身,而是毗邻半岛上的教会山(Kirkjufell)。教会山也称草帽山、箭头山,是冰岛最为上相、最受摄影师欢迎的名山。山峰濒海而立、拔地而起,独一无二的造型与线条引人无限联想;在不同视角、不同天气、不同光线下观赏山峰,都能收获迥然不同的景致,颇有横看成岭侧成峰的意趣。

令人心醉的旖旎与秀美也从山脚旁的教会山瀑布(Kirkjufellsfoss)中汩汩流出,三道平行的洁白瀑流与教会山的颜色相映成趣;夏季时的葱翠与冬季时的纯净皆有其美,午夜阳光与北极光下的山峰与瀑布都各具情趣。在教会山最经典的取景位拍摄,游客可以将山峰与瀑布同时摄入相框。

教会山颇为陡峭,但可以攀登;准备登山的游客一定要做好充足的准备,并且有类似的登山经验,否则容易发生意外。

民间传说与历史

另一座有名的斯奈山半岛小镇斯蒂基斯霍尔米(Stykkishólmur)与格伦达菲厄泽相距不远;斯蒂基斯霍尔米约有1195名居民,是这一地区的商贸与文化中心,许多神秘动人的民间传说与萨迦故事就发生在这一区域。

从格伦达菲厄泽前往斯蒂基斯霍尔米需要经过一片广袤的熔岩原:Berserkjahraun,这一地名出自《埃里居民萨迦》(Eyrbyggja saga)。在故事中,一个冰岛农民雇用了两个来自瑞典的维京狂战士(berserker),而其中一个战士却爱上了农民的女儿;农民提出,如果战士能铺出一条贯通熔岩原的道路,就会将女儿下嫁与他。农民本以为这是个不可能的任务,但狂战士有着异于常人的“狂”性,迅捷地将路铺好;农民便又使计诱骗二人,最终将其杀害。

格伦达菲厄泽历史悠久,自15世纪以来一直是斯奈山半岛上的商贸重镇,1786年时,还被当时统治冰岛的丹麦开放为全国六个商业城镇之一。小镇附近还分布着许多历史遗迹,展现着小镇自维京时代以来的发展与兴盛。

与斯奈山半岛上的许多地点一样,自冰岛定居之始便一直有人在格伦达菲厄泽居住。优良的港口与丰富的鱼群使这里成为了绝佳的人类栖居地。

附近的旅行资源 格伦达菲厄泽小镇

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 格伦达菲厄泽小镇

教会山

Kirkjufell, or 'Church Mountain', is a distinctly shaped peak found on the north shore of Iceland’s Snæfellsnes Peninsula, only ...

浏览

Melrakkaey岛

Melrakkaey ("Fox Island") is a small island found at the mouth of Grundarfjörður. Melrakkaey was protected in 1972 and today, onl...

浏览

比亚德纳赫本

Bjarnarhofn is a farmstead on the Snaefellsnes peninsula. Many notable Icelanders lived here. Bjarnarhofn's church and shark museum are listed as ...

浏览

布迪尔

Búðir is a small hamlet in the municipality of Snæfellsbær on the westernmost tip of the Snæfellsnes Peninsula. The ha...

浏览

Berserkjahraun熔岩原

Berserkjahraun is a 4000-year-old lava field situated on the Snæfellsnes peninsula. It covers the western part of Helgafell, between the tow...

浏览

Bjarnarhöfn鲨鱼博物馆

Photo above from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Xfigpower The Bjarnahöfn Shark Museum is a fascinating exhibition on the processing of traditio...

浏览

Ytri Tunga海豹沙滩

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by pjt56. Ytri Tunga is a beach by a farm of the same name on the Snæfellsnes Peninsula. Unlike many...

浏览

Ölkelda农场

  Olkelda is a farm in the south of Snaefellsnes, taking its name from a renowned mineral spring close by. The pristine mineral spring by the O...

浏览

欧拉夫斯维克小镇

Olafsvik is a fishing town of just over a 1000 people, located on the west side of the Snaefellsnes peninsula.  Economy and services Olafsvik h...

浏览

Rauðfeldsgjá大裂缝

Wikimedia. Creative Commons. Emstrur.  Rauðfelsdsgjá, which translates to Red Mountain Rift, is a beautiful gorge in Botnsfjall Mount...

浏览

Gatklettur海蚀洞

Gatklettur ("Hellnar Arch") is a famous, naturally formed stone arch found between the villages of Arnarstapi and Hellnar on the Snæ...

浏览

阿尔纳斯塔皮

Arnarstapi is a village on the southern side of the Snæfellsnes peninsula, once a fishing hub and now a place for travellers to refuel before ...

浏览

唱歌洞

Sönghellir, or 'Song Cave', is a cave on the Snæfellsnes peninsula famed for its echoing quality. The acoustics inside have a magic...

浏览

海德纳尔小镇

Hellnar is an old fishing village on the westernmost part of the Snaefellsnes peninsula. It used to be one of the largest fishing stations of the pe...

浏览

斯奈菲尔冰川

Snæfellsjökull is a glacier-capped volcano found on the tip of the Snæfellsnes Peninsula in west Iceland. It stands in a National P...

浏览

斯奈山半岛

Snæfellsnes is a large peninsula extending from West Iceland, often nicknamed ‘Iceland in Miniature’ due to its wealth and diversi...

浏览

海德利桑德小镇

Photo above from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Chensiyuan Hellissandur is a village dating back to the 16th Century, found on the northwesternmost ...

浏览

斯蒂基斯霍尔米

Photo by Regína Hrönn Ragnarsdóttir Stykkisholmur is a town of about 1,100 people on northern shore of the Snæfellsnes ...

浏览

Saxhóll火山口

 Wikimedia. Creative Commons. Credit: Diego Delso.  Saxhóll is one of the most popular craters on the Snæfellsnes Peninsula, f...

浏览

瓦汀舍利尔火山熔岩洞穴

Photo from Into the Underworld | Vatnshellir Caving Tour Vatnshellir Cave is a lava tube on the Snæfellsnes Peninsula and a popular site for ca...

浏览