了解 斯蒂基斯霍尔米

冰岛西部斯奈山半岛斯蒂基斯霍尔米小镇的港口和红色小灯塔

斯蒂基斯霍尔米(Stykkisholmur)是冰岛西部的斯奈山半岛(Snæfellsnes)上的一座小镇,大约有1100名居民。小镇是该地区的商业与服务中心,从这里可以乘坐Baldur渡轮,前往西峡湾地区的Brjánslækur港口。

斯蒂基斯霍尔米的历史

斯蒂基斯霍尔米历史悠久,小镇坐拥天然良港,布雷扎峡湾(Breiðafjörður)中的鱼类资源极为丰富。

自公元九世纪冰岛定居之始,斯蒂基斯霍尔米即有人居住。小镇也曾在《鲑鱼河谷萨迦》(Laxdæla)等伟大的冰岛中世纪文学中现身。这部萨迦是欧洲最早以女性为主角的文学作品之一,主人公Guðrún Ósvífursdóttir曾被预言将有四次婚姻,预言也果真应验。第四任丈夫死后,Guðrún成为了冰岛的第一位修女,死后被葬于斯蒂基斯霍尔米附近的Helgafell(圣山)之下。

1550年,斯蒂基斯霍尔米因港口优良而被设立为贸易站,小镇也逐渐发展起来。1602年~18世纪末,丹麦在冰岛实行贸易专制,小镇的发展也随之更加迅速。

几世纪来的丹麦殖民统治使许多冰岛人对丹麦怀有敌意,而斯蒂基斯霍尔米却始终与其保持着良好的关系。1994年起,每年8月的第三个周末,小镇就会举办丹麦日活动;小镇也与丹麦的科灵(Kolding)结为了姐妹城市。

斯蒂基斯霍尔米的文化

斯蒂基斯霍尔米小镇洋溢着文化气息。镇上的“挪威房屋”建于1828年,是冰岛最古老的双层建筑;镇上还坐落着火山博物馆,以及冰岛最古老的气象站,其历史可追溯至1845年。

斯蒂基斯霍尔米是《白日梦想家》电影的主要取景地之一,电影中的格陵兰岛其实就是冰岛;在小说《红色风暴》中,小镇则是美军登陆、解救苏联控制下的冰岛的地点

斯蒂基斯霍尔米周边景点

斯蒂基斯霍尔米位于斯奈山半岛北端,与教会山(Kirkjufell)、斯奈菲尔冰川国家公园(Snæfellsjökull)等明星景点相距不远。

教会山也称草帽山,是冰岛最受摄影师欢迎的景点之一。山峰形似金字塔,紧邻海洋,不同角度的山峰会呈现出迥然不同的形状。在最经典的教会山取景位上拍摄,游客可以将山峰与教会山瀑布(Kirjufellsfoss)一同摄入相框。

斯奈菲尔冰川国家公园是冰岛三大国家公园之一,居于中心的巨型双峰冰川下掩藏着一座火山。在法国作家儒勒·凡尔纳的科幻名作《地心历险记》与冰岛诺贝尔文学奖得主哈尔多尔·拉克斯内斯的《冰川下的基督》中,斯奈菲尔冰川都象征着神秘的力量、地心世界的入口。

斯奈山半岛南部的主要景点则包括Lóndrangar怪物海岸、Ytri Tunga海豹沙滩、Rauðfeldsgjá峡谷等。

附近的旅行资源 斯蒂基斯霍尔米

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 斯蒂基斯霍尔米

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Melrakkaey岛

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格伦达菲厄泽小镇

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布雷扎灣

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布迪尔

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Ölkelda农场

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布扎达吕尔

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