了解 Breiðafjörður

A ferry runs across Breidafjordur to connect the Westfjords to the town of Stykkisholmur.

Breiðafjörður is a nature reserve and bay between the Snæfellsnes Peninsula and the Westfjords in west Iceland.

Geography of Breiðafjörður

Breiðafjörður is 125 kilometres (78 miles) long and 50 kilometres (31 miles) wide at its widest. Its surroundings are mountainous, and the Snæfellsjökull glacier can be seen on the tip of the Snæfellsnes Peninsula, at the southern side of the entry to the bay.

In clear weather, it is possible to see the Westfjords from Snæfellsnes, and visa versa.

The mountains at the northern side of the bay’s entrance are some of the oldest in the country, formed 15 million years ago. As you travel towards the land, they become considerably younger, with those at the furthest inside the fjord being half the age.

This is due to the movements of the tectonic plates in Iceland, which are pulling apart at a rate of around two centimetres (an inch) a year.

History of Breiðafjörður

Around 3000 islands and rock outlets are littered throughout Breiðafjörður. Very few of these are inhabited year-round, although many used to be. Flatey, for example, was once home to a monastery. An important medieval manuscript, Flateyjarbók, was written here, detailing sagas of old Norse kings and collections of poems, in the late 14th Century.

Most importantly, Flateyjarbók recounts the first settlements made by Europeans on Greenland, under Eirík the Red. This was considered to be largely legend until recent archaeological digs revealed the story to be true.

It also contains information about the early settlements on the Faroe and Orkney Islands.

Today, Flatey’s year-round population is just five people. Like many of the other islands, however, it has many more residents in summer.

Wildlife in Breiðafjörður

Puffins are just one of the many animals that make Breidafjordur their home.

Breiðafjörður is pregnant with life, due to the fact it is a breeding ground for much of the country’s fisheries.

Fifty species of bird nest on the islands, including the common shag, the black guillemot, the brent goose and the white-tailed eagle. Puffins also nest on Flatey. Many of these species are migratory, however, and only can be seen from May to September.

Year-round, however, it is often possible to see a variety of marine mammals in the bay. Most common are the grey and harbour seals, which can be seen swimming and hauling out on the rocks. The lucky, however, may also see common porpoises and white-beaked dolphins, and even the occasional minke whale.

It should be noted that Breiðafjörður is one of the best parts of the country to see orcas from the shore, although they are still uncommon.

Economy of Breiðafjörður

The main economy of Breiðafjörður is, as could be presumed, fishing. The villages and towns on the northern side of Snæfellsnes and the southern side of the Westfjords are reliant on the fertile waters for their prosperity. Farmers on the island also collect bird-down from nests for extra income.

A ferry crosses the fjord, called the Baldur ferry, throughout the year. It connects Stykkisholmur to the south with Brjánslækur in the north, with stops at Flatey in summer.

 

附近的旅行资源 Breiðafjörður

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 Breiðafjörður

弗拉泰岛(Flatey)

Wikimedia. Creative Commons. Credit: Kolbrún Ragna. Flatey ('Flat Island') is just one of the thousands of islands that dot Brei&...

浏览

Melrakkaey

Melrakkaey ("Fox Island") is a small island found at the mouth of Grundarfjörður. Melrakkaey was protected in 1972 and today, onl...

浏览

Bjarnarhöfn鲨鱼博物馆

Bjarnarhofn is a farmstead on the Snaefellsnes peninsula. Many notable Icelanders lived here. Bjarnarhofn's church and shark museum are listed as ...

浏览

Bjarnarhöfn Shark Museum

Photo above from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Xfigpower The Bjarnahöfn Shark Museum is a fascinating exhibition on the processing of traditio...

浏览

斯蒂基斯霍尔米

Photo by Regína Hrönn Ragnarsdóttir Stykkisholmur is a town of about 1,100 people on northern shore of the Snæfellsnes ...

浏览

Berserkjahraun

Berserkjahraun is a 4000-year-old lava field situated on the Snæfellsnes peninsula. It covers the western part of Helgafell, between Stykkish&oa...

浏览

教会山(草帽山)

Kirkjufell, or 'Church Mountain', is a distinctly shaped peak found on the north shore of Iceland’s Snæfellsnes Peninsula, only ...

浏览

Grundarfjörður

Wikimedia, Creative CommonsChensiyuan  Grundarfjörður is a small town found on the north coast of the Snæfellsnes Peninsula ...

浏览

Rauðisandur Beach

Wikimedia. Creative Commons. Credit:  Nojhan.  Rauðisandur (Red Sands) is a 10-kilometre red sand beach found in the south of Icel...

浏览

Rauðasandur

Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo Credit: Evgeniy Metyolkin Rauðasandur is a beach in the Westfjords, famous for having red and golden rath...

浏览

Ólafsvík小镇

Olafsvik is a fishing town of just over a 1000 people, located on the west side of the Snaefellsnes peninsula.  Economy and services Olafsvik h...

浏览

Ölkelda

  Olkelda is a farm in the south of Snaefellsnes, taking its name from a renowned mineral spring close by. The pristine mineral spring by the O...

浏览

Hellissandur

Photo above from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Chensiyuan Hellissandur is a village dating back to the 16th Century, found on the northwesternmost ...

浏览

Búðir

Búðir is a small hamlet in the municipality of Snæfellsbær on the westernmost tip of the Snæfellsnes Peninsula. The ha...

浏览

Öskjuvatn

  Oskjuvatn is a large crater lake in the Askja caldera in the Dyngjufjoll mountains, north of Vatnajokull glacier. Oskjuvatn is Iceland's s...

浏览

Tálknafjörður

Between Patreksfjörður and Bíldudalur is the village of Tálknafjörður, in the southern region of the Westfjords. Despi...

浏览

Ytri Tunga Beach

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by pjt56. Ytri Tunga is a beach by a farm of the same name on the Snæfellsnes Peninsula. Unlike many...

浏览

Bíldudalur

Surrounded by layered, flat top mountains, Bíldudalur is an attractive fishing village settled on the fjord, Arnarfjörður. This fjord-...

浏览

Kirkjubólsdalur

Kirkjubolsdalur is a valley in the Westfjords. The river Kirkjubolsa runs through the valley. The valley  is a good hiking or biking trail, as i...

浏览

Patreksfjörður

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Emstrur Located in the Westfjords of Iceland, Patreksfjörður is a charming village of approximately ...

浏览

旅行团 Breiðafjörður

斯奈山半岛观鲸团|冰岛虎鲸聚集地

参加这个观鲸旅行团,来到冰岛斯奈山半岛(Snæfellsnes)旁的Breiðafjörður海湾,一览鲸鱼的优美姿态吧!如果您在斯奈山半岛旅行,就一定不要错过这个亲近自然、亲近动物的完美机会。......

浏览

Snaefellsnes National Park Tour in a Small Group

Immerse yourself in the beauty of the Snæfellsnes Peninsula with this small-group day tour. This......

浏览

13天12夜自驾|冰岛环岛+西部峡湾

5月下旬至9月中旬之间,可以自驾前往冰岛遥远而纯净的西部峡湾地区。这个13天12夜的自驾行程让您可以玩遍冰岛环岛沿线,并增加了西部峡湾的小众景区,让您深度自驾游冰岛。......

浏览

10天9夜夏季冰岛自驾|黄金圈+冰岛南岸+斯奈山半岛|慢速、深度探访冰岛西南岸

选择这个10天9夜冰岛夏季自驾套餐,深度游览冰岛西南岸,探访最富盛名的冰岛自然景区。放慢您的旅行节奏,尽享黄金圈、冰岛南岸与斯奈山半岛的极致冰岛胜景,感受冰岛假日的自由与乐趣。这个自驾套餐绝对是......

浏览

15天14夜极致冰岛夏季自驾游|世界尽头的环岛温泉之旅+斯奈山半岛+西峡湾

选择这个15天14夜极致冰岛夏季自驾套餐,探访一号环岛公路周围的冰岛自然胜景,周游斯奈山半岛与西峡湾地区的避世小镇风光,深度领略午夜阳光下的冰岛夏季之美。您还有机会体验冰岛全境的众多地热温泉泳池......

浏览

Sea Kayaking Tour | Departure from the Snaefellsnes Peninsula

Witness Iceland's nature and wildlife at its best with this small group sea kayaking tour.......

浏览

10天9夜盛夏避世小镇自驾游|斯奈山半岛+弗拉泰小岛+西峡湾

选择这个10天9夜盛夏避世小镇自驾游,周游冰岛斯奈山半岛与西峡湾两大景区,领略世界尽头般的冰岛小镇风光;在旖旎的冰岛自然胜景间,感受冰岛之夏的绝美与浪漫。10天之中,您将探访孤独的峡湾与岛屿风光......

浏览

超值经济自驾游|13天12夜环冰岛+西部峡湾

5月下旬至9月中旬之间,可以自驾前往冰岛遥远而纯净的西部峡湾地区。这个13天12夜的自驾行程让您可以玩遍冰岛环岛沿线,并增加了西部峡湾的小众景区,让您深度自驾游冰岛。......

浏览

Snaefellsjokull Glacier Hike

Hike the legendary Snæfellsjökull glacier on this incredible day tour. If you are eager for......

浏览

The 'Wonders of Snæfellsnes' Private Helicopter Tour

Go further with this exceptional helicopter tour exploring the other-worldly peninsula......

浏览