了解 北部冰岛

冰岛北部的地质风光无比奇妙,Hvitserkur犀牛石或象鼻石就是其中的一处。

冰岛北部是一个充满自然魅力的地区,也是不少冰岛著名景点的所在地。

冰岛北部的热门景区包括:米湖地区(Mývatn);有“冰岛北部之都”称号的阿克雷里(Akureyri);观鲸小镇胡萨维克(Húsavík);瓦特纳冰川国家公园(Vatnajökull)北部等。

冰岛北部多峡湾、山川的地理风光也无比壮丽。

埃亚峡湾(Eyjafjordur,也称岛屿峡湾)

埃亚峡湾是冰岛北部的主要峡湾之一,阿克雷里就坐落于该峡湾内。阿克雷里人口共约17,000,是除了冰岛首都大雷克雅未克地区之外人口最多的城市。

阿克雷里与冰岛一号环岛公路相接,陆路交通便利。阿克雷里也有供邮轮和货船停泊的港口,因此也会有人乘船前往阿克雷里。

阿克雷里的老城区是市区内最值得一游的区域。历史悠久的建筑能让有人充分体验冰岛北部的文化风情。阿克雷里还有着有趣的博物馆、艺术馆以及地处世界最北端的植物园,这些都让其成为冰岛北部的必游城市之一。

对于喜欢滑雪的人来说,位于阿克雷里附近的Hlidarfjall滑雪场也是冰岛冬季旅行必到的目的地之一。

锡格吕菲厄泽峡湾(Siglufjörður)

锡格吕菲厄泽峡湾位于埃亚峡湾与斯卡加峡湾(Skagafjörður)的交界,峡湾内有一个迷人的同名小镇锡格吕菲厄泽。

锡格吕菲厄泽小镇位于深幽的峡湾内,具有传统峡湾小镇的特色。小镇被延绵的山脉环绕,颇具避世风情,镇上也有不少冰岛特色博物馆,是游客深入了解冰岛历史文化的绝佳去处。

锡格吕菲厄泽小镇内最著名的博物馆是民谣音乐博物馆以及鲱鱼时代博物馆。鲱鱼时代博物馆是冰岛唯一一个赢得过国际奖项的博物馆;馆内展示了冰岛人依靠海洋为生的千年历史。

瓦斯半岛(Vatnsnes)

瓦斯半岛闻名的原因有二。其一在于,瓦斯半岛是冰岛观看野生海豹的最佳地点,一年四季都有机会在半岛的海滩上找到慵懒可爱的海豹们。在华姆斯唐吉镇(Hvammstangi)还专门设有海豹中心,游人可以在中心内了解到很多有关冰岛海豹的知识。

其二在于,冰岛著名的奇石犀牛石(Hvítserkur, 亦称象形石)就位于半岛之上。根据冰岛的传说,犀牛石原本是一只可怕的巨怪,但由于躲避不及阳光的照射,才被永远变成了岩石,矗立于海中。

Thingeyjarsysla 

Þingeyjarsýsla县区聚集了冰岛热门旅游景点,其中最经典的就是米湖。米湖以丰富的地热资源闻名,有着奇诡的火山熔岩地貌和伪火山坑,还有许多鸟类在此栖息。

米湖地区周围也有很多经典的景色,其中包括《权力的游戏》取景地之一黑暗城堡熔岩群(Dimmuborgir)以及美丽的众神瀑布(Goðafoss)。

“观鲸小镇”胡萨维克也位于Thingeyjarsysla县地区,由于观鲸成功率非常高,也常被誉为“欧洲观鲸之都”。每年夏季的冰岛观鲸旺季,都会有许多赏鲸船从这里出发,载着游人到附近的海湾寻觅鲸鱼的身影。

Jökulsárgljúfur峡谷地区则集聚了冰岛北部地区几处最受欢迎的自然景点:欧洲水力最大的瀑布黛提瀑布(Dettifoss)、菲约德勒姆冰河(Jökulsá á Fjöllum)、马蹄峡谷(Ásbyrgi,亦称阿斯匹吉峡谷)等。

格里姆赛岛(Grimsey)

冰岛北部的格里姆赛岛,是冰岛唯一一处位于北极圈内的领土。岛上人口只有约100人,以渔业、丰富的植被和鸟类闻名,也是夏季观察冰岛非官方“国鸟”海鹦的最佳地点之一。

附近的旅行资源 北部冰岛

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 北部冰岛

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Öxnadalur峡谷

Oxnadalur is a magnificent valley in the fjord Eyjafjordur in North Iceland. Priest, poet and translator Jon Thorlaksson lived there in his later da...

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Reykir小镇

Reykir is a tiny settlement in North Iceland. It is best known for its regional museum and the hot spring Biskupslaug. The Reykir regional museum is ...

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Austurdalur山谷

  Austurdalur is a valley in Skagafjordur district in Northwest Iceland. The mighty glacier river Austari Jokulsa runs through the valley and pu...

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Austari-Jökulsá冰川河

  Austari-Jokulsa (East Jokulsa River), 'The Beast of the East', is a glacier river in Skagafjordur district. With its strong stream, wi...

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Varmahlíð小镇

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Hólar山谷

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Glaumbær草皮屋博物馆

Glaumbaer, in the Skagafjordur district in North Iceland, is a museum featuring a renovated turf farm and timber buildings, showcasing 18th and 19th-c...

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Saurbæjarkirkja教堂

Saurbaejarkirkja is a beautiful 19th century Lutherian turf church in the fjord of Eyjafjordur in North Iceland. The church site is an old one, ...

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Vestari Jökulsá冰川河

Vestari Jokulsa, a.k.a. Jokulsa vestri ('West Glacial River') is a glacial river in Skagafjordur. It is a highly popular river for rafting. T...

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Grundarkirkja教堂

Located in the fjord of Eyjafjordur in Noth Iceland, Grundarkirkja is one of Iceland‘s most beautiful and distinct churches. It is unusual for a...

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Súlur山

Wikimedia. Creative Commons. Credit: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason.  Súlur is a mountain found to the south west of Iceland...

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Kjarnaskógur森林

Kjarnaskógur is a forest just outside Akureyri Township, and one of the largest forests in the country. It belongs to the Akureyri Municip...

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龙之谷

Drekagil is a beautiful canyon in the south part of volcanic mountain range Dyngjufjoll, in the south of Odadahraun lava field. By the gully is Drek...

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阿克雷里大教堂

Akureyrarkirkja is a Lutheran church in the town Akureyri in North Iceland. It is one of the town’s most distinctive landmarks. The...

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阿克雷里

Akureyri, ‘The Capital of the North’ is a town in the fjord Eyjafjörður in North Iceland. It lies just 100 kilometres (62 miles...

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斯卡加菲尔泽

Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo Credit: Steinib68 Skagafjörður is a fjord in North Iceland. Sauðárkrókur is its largest...

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瑟伊藻克罗屈尔

Sauðárkrókur (a.k.a. 'Krókurinn'), is the largest urban area in Skagafjörður in north Iceland and the second...

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斯瓦法达达勒

Svarfaðardalur is a wide, fertile and densely populated valley in north Iceland, dotted with quintessential farmsteads, gurgling streams and surro...

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斯瓦尔巴兹塞里

Svalbarðseyri is a village of approximately 245 inhabitants in the north Icelandic district of Svalbarðsströnd. Located on the east coas...

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