了解 鲸鱼峡湾

冰岛西部的鲸鱼峡湾宽阔而美丽

鲸鱼峡湾(Hvalfjörður)位于冰岛西南部,长约30公里,宽约5公里。

自然概况

鲸鱼峡湾以多样而绝美的自然风光而著称,宽阔峡湾两侧的巍峨群山、夏季时的葱翠植被、蜿蜒曲折的海湾都无比迷人。这一地区也是冰岛植树造林的成功典型。

鲸鱼峡湾的野生动物生活也非常活跃,许多鸟类与海豹都在这里安然栖居。虽然名为“鲸鱼”的峡湾,海湾中却鲜有鲸鱼或鲸鱼出现。之所以如此命名,或许是因为峡湾中曾有丰富的鱼群资源,吸引过许多鲸鱼,但随着鱼群消失,鲸鱼也随之不再现身。也有人认为,峡湾是因其规模之巨才被冠以“鲸鱼”之名。

格里穆尔瀑布(Glymur)坐落于峡湾之内的Botnsá河上,也是冰岛最高的瀑布。峡湾地区还分布有多条值得体验的精彩徒步路线,例如通向北部的Síldarmannagotur路线,以及通往辛格维利尔国家公园(Þingvellir)的Leggjabrjótur路线。

历史文化

历史上,因与法赫萨湾(Faxaflói)相距不远,鲸鱼峡湾曾是冰岛最主要的捕鲸站点之一;二战期间,鲸鱼峡湾则是北大西洋地区最重要的海军基地之一。峡湾内的战争博物馆以及捕鲸站都是游客了解冰岛历史的好去处。

写作出《受难歌集》的冰岛牧师哈尔格林姆尔·彼得松(Hallgrímur Pétursson)就曾在鲸鱼峡湾内生活,冰岛首都雷克雅未克的哈尔格林姆斯大教堂(Hallgrímskirkja)即是以他的名字来命名的。

经济

农业是峡湾居民的经济支柱,峡湾也是冰岛最重要的交通枢纽之一。二十世纪时,从首都雷克雅未克前往冰岛西部的博尔加内斯(Borgarnes)等地需要绕行这座庞大的峡湾,需要极长的驾驶时间。1998年,鲸鱼峡湾隧道落成后,大大缩短了从冰岛南部前往西部、北部的旅行时间。

峡湾内的Grundartangi岬角位居冰岛最大港口之列,该地区还建有两座工业基地:一座是建于1979年的硅铁矿工厂,另一座是建于1998年的炼铝工厂。

在冰岛,以自然为代价的工业建设总是引起重重争议,这两座工厂也不例外。捕鲸、水电站、冶炼厂、硅酮厂都是最具争议的冰岛经济产业。

附近的旅行资源 鲸鱼峡湾

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 鲸鱼峡湾

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