了解 Hvalfjörður

Hvalfjordur, in west Iceland, translates to 'Whale Fjord'.Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo Credit: Axel Kristinsson

Hválfjörður is a fjord in southwest Iceland. The fjord is approximately 30 kilometres (19 miles) long and five (three miles) kilometres wide.

Nature and Landscape

The landscape of Hválfjörður is varied and beautiful, with wide areas of flat land along majestic mountains, green vegetation in summer and beaches cut with by creeks.

The area is rich in birdlife and is home to seals, but despite its name, which translates to ‘Whale Fjord’, it is not known for its whale or dolphin population. Two theories exist on how it got its name; either that it was once home to whales before fish stocks moved away, or because of the general shape of the bay.

The area has recently been part of Iceland’s successful reforestation effort. 

Natural attractions in the area are plentiful, but most significant is Iceland's highest waterfall, Glýmur, in the river Botnsá. There are also plenty of interesting hiking trails in the area, such as Sildarmannagotur, leading north, and Leggjabrjotur, leading east towards the area of Þingvellir National Park

History and Culture

Historically, Hválfjörður was home to one of the main whaling stations in Iceland, with ships heading out into Fáxaflói Bay. It was one of the most important naval stations in the North Atlantic during World War Two, when Iceland was occupied by the Allies, after the Nazis conquered Denmark.

The old whaling station and a war museum can be found in the fjord. 

Iceland's main psalm poet, Hallgrímur Pétursson, writer of the ‘Passia Hymns' lived in Hválfjörður. The area was also the home of the late Sveinbjörn Beinteinsson, rhymes poet and performer and head of the Icelandic pagan association. 

Economy

Most inhabitants of the fjord live in rural areas, and there is some farming in the area. Until the 1990s those travelling between Borgarnes and Reykjavík had to take a long detour around the fjord, but this was solved with a tunnel that travels beneath it, finished in 1998.

Grundartangi spit in Hválfjörður has one of the largest harbours in the country and two industrial plants. One is a ferrosilicon plant, operated since 1979, the other an aluminium smelter, operated since 1998.

Both of these were controversial during their construction, and continue to be controversial during their ongoing operation. Along with whaling and hydroelectric dams, smelters and silicone plants are the hottest environmental debates going on in Iceland.

 

附近的旅行资源 Hvalfjörður

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 Hvalfjörður

Bjarteyjarsandur

Bjarteyjarsandur is a family farm in west Iceland, where visitors can enjoy an authentic, rural Icelandic experience. Located in Hvalfjörður...

浏览

Valshamar

Valshamar is a vertical cliff in Hvalfjordur in Southwest Iceland, highly popular for rock climbing. The cliff is bolted and offers many great routes...

浏览

Akrafjall

Akrafjall is a mountain located on the Akranes Peninsula on the west coast of Iceland. Mount Akrafjall is a lone and eye-catching mountain that ris...

浏览

Esjan

The flat-topped mountain Esja, often called Esjan, is Iceland’s most popular destination for day hiking. It is situated in Kjalarnes in the so...

浏览

Móskarðshnjúkar

Móskarðshnjúkar is a mountain and popular hiking route, situated in the south-west corner of Iceland next to Mt. Esja.  The mo...

浏览

Skalafell

Photo From: Skíðasvæðin - Bláfjöll & Skálafell Facebook.  Skálafell is a volcanic mounta...

浏览

Þórufoss

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Anna Jonna Ármannsdóttir. Þórufoss is an 18 m (62 ft) high waterfall found e...

浏览

Glymur

Wikimedia, Creative Commons, photo credit: Andreas Tille Glymur is Iceland’s second-tallest waterfall, and the tallest that is easily accessibl...

浏览

Hvanneyri

Hvanneyri is a small agriculture and church centre in the west of Iceland and can be visited 80 km north of Reykjavik in the municipality of Borgarbyg...

浏览

The Settlement Center

Photo from: The Settlement Centre Facebook.  The Settlement Centre is an exhibition space and museum in Borgarnes, in the west of Iceland, dedic...

浏览

博尔加内斯

Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Chensiyuan Borgarnes is a town of less than 2000 people, located on a peninsula at the shore of Borgarfj&o...

浏览

Borgarfjörður

Borgarfjörður is a fjord and a district in south western Iceland, by Faxaflói bay. It covers the coastal land between Reykjaví...

浏览

Akranes

Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo by Helgarun Akranes is a port town in the west of Iceland, approximately 42 kilometres (26 miles) from Reykjav&iac...

浏览

Capital Region

The Capital Region refers to Reykjavík and its bordering towns. It holds well over half of the country’s population, in spite of taking...

浏览

拉克斯内斯

Laxnes is a farm in Mosfellsdalur Valley. Nobel author Halldor Laxness was partly brought up here and adopted the farm's name as his surname. Lax...

浏览

Settlement Center

The Settlement Center is a museum in Borgarnes, a town of west Iceland. Here, you can visit two exhibitions, with one about the Age of Settlement, a...

浏览

哈萨菲尔

Húsafell is a large farm and church site in the Borgarfjörður district of West Iceland. With incredible natural beauty, it has been ...

浏览

Mosfellsdalur

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Stig Nygaard. Mosfellsdalur is a valley, located approximately 20 kilometres (12 miles) from Iceland&rs...

浏览

Gljufrasteinn

“Whoever doesn't live in poetry cannot survive here on earth.” These are the words of the late Halldór Kiljan Laxness, a 1955 N...

浏览

Borg á Mýrum

Borg á Mýrum is a farm and church estate just west of the town of Borgarnes in Iceland.  The estate is especially rich in settleme...

浏览

旅行团 Hvalfjörður

冰岛特色观鲸船游 - 在大西洋看鲸鱼|雷克雅未克出发

参加这个从首都雷克雅未克出发的冰岛观鲸团,出海去看美丽可爱的鲸鱼吧!如果您喜欢动物、喜欢自然,这个旅行团绝对会给您一段难忘的体验,观鲸是冰岛必做的事情,也是雷克雅未克最为推荐的体验之一。旅行团从......

浏览

雷克雅未克极光船游

加入这个全冰岛价格最低的超值极光船游,去海上观赏神秘美丽的极光,被映照着极光色泽的海洋包围。......

浏览

Original Whale Watching Adventure from Reykjavík

Hop aboard and sail out on Faxaflói Bay to meet the largest inhabitants of Iceland, the whales.......

浏览

近距离观鲸-观海鹦-雷克雅未克海岸观光团

参加这个快艇观鲸旅行团,观赏美丽可爱的鲸鱼与海鹦,感受富饶的冰岛野生动物生活,领略雷克雅未克的迷人海岸景色。您将乘坐RIB小型快艇,更近距离地观赏鲸鱼和海鹦,机会十分难得。......

浏览

冰岛冬季旅行团五日优惠套票|黄金圈南岸三日游+斯奈山两日游|三大国家公园+蓝冰洞

选择这个冰岛冬季旅行团五日套票,伴着北极光去探寻冰岛的壮丽风景吧!您将造访辛格维利尔、瓦特纳冰川与斯奈山半岛三大冰岛国家公园。您还有机会登上冰川,探秘蓝冰洞,一览冰岛最奇幻的冬日胜景。......

浏览

斯奈山半岛两日游|游览冰岛缩影+草帽山拍摄影大片+寻猎北极光

对于摄影发烧友,冰岛草帽山一定不会陌生。冬季里,在白雪、星空和北极光的装点下,多变而美丽的斯奈山更添几分浪漫。参加这个首都雷克雅未克出发的斯奈山两日游,您无需烦恼冬季冰岛充满挑战性的路况,在本地......

浏览

Snaefellsnes National Park Tour in a Small Group

Immerse yourself in the beauty of the Snæfellsnes Peninsula with this small-group day tour. This......

浏览

10天9夜 冬季冰岛 西南岸深度自驾游|一号公路+斯奈山半岛+北极光

选择这个10天9夜自助自驾旅行套餐,一次行程玩转冰岛,领略冰岛仙境般的冬季极致美景!......

浏览

骑马观鲸组合一日游

参加这个团,丰富您的冰岛之行,一天之内看看遍冰岛最令人称奇的自然风光。不论您是动物爱好者,还是想泡泡温泉、参加一些体育运动,还是打算在首都雷克雅未克的主街Laugavegur上悠闲购物,这个团都......

浏览

10天9夜冰岛夏季自由行套餐|冰岛环岛游+斯奈山半岛

选择这个10天9夜冰岛夏季深度自由行套餐,无需环岛自驾,即可在冰岛本地专业向导的带领下,轻松领略冰岛一号环岛公路的精彩自然胜景,将斯奈山半岛的迷人风光尽收眼底。您还有机会为行程增加各具特色的冰岛......

浏览

旅行团优惠套票|冬季南岸两日游+蓝冰洞+斯奈山两日游

选择这个超值旅行团优惠套票,探访风光无限的冰岛南岸与斯奈山半岛(Snæfellsnes)。一路上的美景应接不暇:壮丽的瀑布、奇妙的蓝冰洞、神秘的熔岩隧洞、一生中必须要见一次的北极光!......

浏览

10天9夜冬季冰岛经典环岛自驾游|一号环岛公路-杰古沙龙冰河湖-阿克雷里-北极光

选择这个10天9夜冰岛冬季环岛自驾套餐,自由地领略冰岛冬季的极致风光。经验丰富的冰岛旅行专家根据冰岛冬季的日照与路况,为您设计了这一深度环岛冬季行程,在北极光的陪伴下,您将沿一号环岛公路探寻无尽......

浏览

5 Day Self Drive Tour | Wonders of West Iceland

Chart your own course on this fabulous self-drive tour of the quaint villages and magnificent......

浏览

旅行团优惠套票|黄金圈一日游+冰川隧道一日游+火山内部遨游一日游

选择这个旅行团优惠套票,用最便宜的价格拿下冰岛的三个热门旅行团,领略最具特色的冰岛自然胜景。您将造访闻名遐迩的黄金圈景区,进入冰川内部一探究竟,最后深入火山探秘异世奇观。这个旅行团优惠套票集合了......

浏览

8日夏季套餐|格陵兰一日游+冰岛南岸+斯奈山+杰古沙龙+黄金圈

报名参加这个8日夏季套餐,畅游冰岛著名胜景,更能到世界尽头的格陵兰岛一探究竟。这个旅行套餐将带您深度游览北极圈,一定不要错过!......

浏览

ATV & Whale Watching Tour from Reykjavik

Combine two Icelandic adventures into a single day, with this ATV and whale watching excursion.......

浏览

10天9夜夏季冰岛自驾|黄金圈+冰岛南岸+斯奈山半岛|慢速、深度探访冰岛西南岸

选择这个10天9夜冰岛夏季自驾套餐,深度游览冰岛西南岸,探访最富盛名的冰岛自然景区。放慢您的旅行节奏,尽享黄金圈、冰岛南岸与斯奈山半岛的极致冰岛胜景,感受冰岛假日的自由与乐趣。这个自驾套餐绝对是......

浏览

15天14夜极致冰岛夏季自驾游|世界尽头的环岛温泉之旅+斯奈山半岛+西峡湾

选择这个15天14夜极致冰岛夏季自驾套餐,探访一号环岛公路周围的冰岛自然胜景,周游斯奈山半岛与西峡湾地区的避世小镇风光,深度领略午夜阳光下的冰岛夏季之美。您还有机会体验冰岛全境的众多地热温泉泳池......

浏览

冰岛直升机旅行团|鸟瞰冰岛黄金圈景区+冰川着陆

参加这个直升机旅行团,升入冰岛的万丈高空,从震撼空中视角俯瞰黄金圈的自然胜景;在浩瀚的壮丽冰川上着陆,近距离感受冰岛自然的野性与壮丽。直升机旅行团的视野与体验与巴士旅行团迥然不同,如果您想体验更......

浏览

Waterfalls & Valleys Helicopter Tour

Witness Iceland’s incredible waterfalls, mountains and valleys from the sky with this exciting......

浏览

亲子旅行团优惠套票|黄金圈一日游+冰岛南岸一日游+雷克雅未克观鲸

选择这个亲子旅行团优惠套票,以超值价格,与全家人一起体验冰岛最受欢迎的三大旅行团;领略黄金圈与冰岛南岸两大景区的绝美风光,从首都雷克雅未克出海观鲸,收获充满温馨与乐趣的难忘旅行记忆。......

浏览

Geothermal Helicopter Tour | Glymur Waterfall & Thingvellir National Park

Join this tour for a flyover of the geothermal wonders which power the nation. This tour is for......

浏览

The Silver Circle Helicopter Tour

Grab your chance to flight-see over some of Iceland's staggering natural wonders on this Silver......

浏览

Anywhere in Twelve Hours | Private Super Jeep Excursion

Explore Iceland in depth, in your own time, and on your own terms, on this Super Jeep tour to......

浏览

Whale Watching Tour Off Reykjavik's Faxafloi Bay

Dont miss out on your opportunity to get up close and personal with the gentle giants living in......

浏览

The Golden Circle and Secret Lagoon | Extended Tour

Marvel over Iceland’s most iconic attractions and some of its best-kept secrets on this......

浏览

Silver Circle Super Jeep Tour | West Iceland and Langjokull glacier

Join an unforgettable tour in which you explore the hidden gems of West Iceland. You may have......

浏览

15天14夜冬季环岛自驾,深度慢游冰岛|追寻北极光+极致冰雪风光

选择这个15天14夜冰岛冬季自驾套餐,沿一号环岛公路畅游冰岛各大景区,以最具深度的方式探访冰岛冬季的极致自然胜景。慢节奏自驾环游冰岛,您可以更加细致、更加从容地领略每一处自然与人文景点的无尽魅力......

浏览

West Coast Super Jeep Tour | With Langjokull Ice Tunnel

Come along to the wind-swept coast of western Iceland in a Super Jeep built to handle rough and......

浏览

Borgarfjordur & Langjokull Glacier | Super Jeep Adventure

Witness the diverse attractions of West Iceland on this specialised super jeep tour, exploring......

浏览

West Iceland Highlights Private Tour

Join this private day tour to Borgarfjörður, a truly magical region of Iceland with its......

浏览

Eight Hours in Iceland | Customise Your Private Tour in a new Mercedes Benz V-class luxury

Explore the sites of Iceland in your own time and on your own terms. This luxurious tour......

浏览

The Silver Circle Private Helicopter Tour - Waterfalls and Mountains

Discover the silver lining of every cloud with this incredible private helicopter tour around......

浏览

Into the Forgotten Fjord | Stand Up Paddleboard Tour

Paddle into the beautiful Hvalfjörður fjord on a stand up paddleboard and experience 360 degrees......

浏览

West Iceland Sightseeing Tour | With a Visit to the Ice Tunnel

Explore the diverse sites of west Iceland and the magical ice tunnel into Langjökull glacier on......

浏览

Whale Watching in Akureyri & Reykjavík | Two Port Ticket

Book this ticket to have two whale watches in Iceland, one from Reykjavík and one from the......

浏览

Icelandic Animals Tour Combo | Horse Riding, Whale & Puffin Watching with Pick-up in Reykjavik

Saddle up and get ready to meet the animals of Iceland on this family-friendly discounted tour......

浏览

West Iceland Sightseeing Day Tour | Nature and Culture

Explore the impressive and diverse sites of west Iceland with this day tour from Reykjavík. This......

浏览

10 Day Winter Tour around Iceland with Ice Cave

Hop on board this winter round tour that covers the whole Ring Road as well as the magnificent......

浏览

Minibus Tour | Unique West Iceland and Krauma Spa

Explore the beauty of West Iceland and take a dip into the geothermal waters of Krauma Spa on......

浏览