了解 教堂镇

冰岛南岸教堂镇的奇石图片来自Regína Hrönn Ragnarsdóttir

教堂镇(Kirkjubæjarklaustur,当地人也称“Klaustur”)是冰岛南岸Skaftárhreppur大区的一座小城镇,约有120名常住人口。

教堂镇坐落于一号环岛公路沿线,距离首都雷克雅未克约有250公里,居于维克镇(Vík í Mýrdal)与霍芬镇(Höfn)之间;城镇设施齐全,银行、超市、加油站、酒店住宿应有尽有,是冰岛南岸景区的重要旅行中转站之一。

历史

教堂镇的历史可追溯至冰岛定居时代之前,在北欧维京人入主冰岛前,爱尔兰僧侣—维京人称其为Papar—就已在教堂镇地区定居,这片神圣的地区也不容北欧异教徒踏足。相传公元10世纪时,异教徒Hildir Eysteinsson试图踏入圣域,却在跨越边境时立即死去,后被葬于附近的一座山丘:Hildishaugur,也即“Hildir的坟墓”。

传言固有玄虚之处,而教堂镇的镇名却明白昭示了其与基督教的关系。Kirkju-bæjar-klaustur分为三部分,分别意为教堂-农场-修道院。公元1186年,一座本笃会女修道院建立于此,原名Kirkjubær的教堂镇也因此加上了“修道院”的后缀。

此后的364年内(1186年~1550年宗教改革),Klaustur修道院在冰岛文化史上起到了极为重要的作用,如今仍有学者在研究其贡献。教堂镇附近的姐妹崖Systrastapi、姐妹瀑布Systrafoss、姐妹湖Systravatn等许多地名都源自这座女修道院。

传说

冰岛南岸教堂镇Klaustur附近的姊妹崖图片来自Regína Hrönn Ragnarsdóttir

北欧异教与基督教的冲突衍生了许多奇诡而恐怖的宗教传说。例如姐妹崖的背后就隐藏了一段黑暗的传说。传说,修道院的两个修女因被指控与魔鬼交易灵魂、偷窃圣餐面包、与男人交欢、亵渎主教,而被判处火刑,她们的尸身就被葬于姐妹崖下。宗教改革后,其中一位修女得以平反,相传她的墓上立即开出了鲜艳的花朵;另一位未得平反的修女墓上,则依然是荒芜一片。

周围景点

教堂镇与冰岛南岸的多处明星自然景点相距不远,例如瓦特纳冰川国家公园(Vatnajökull)中的拉基火山口(Laki)、兰德曼纳劳卡中央内陆高地徒步区(Landmannalaugar)、Fjallabak自然保护区羽毛峡谷(Fjaðrárgljúfur)等等。

教堂镇地区也有不少历史悠久的小众景点。教堂地砖Kirkjugólfið是一片80平方公里的六棱玄武岩柱群,因潮汐与冰川融水侵蚀而形成了如今的平坦样貌。姐妹崖与姐妹瀑布也都位于小镇地区。

准备租车自驾环岛旅行,前往杰古沙龙冰河湖(Jökulsárlón)、斯卡夫塔山自然保护区(Skaftafell)或者参加冬季蓝冰洞探秘旅行团的游客,也常常选择在教堂镇住宿。

附近的旅行资源 教堂镇

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 教堂镇

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