了解 钻石冰沙滩

美丽的冰岛南岸钻石冰沙滩

钻石冰沙滩位于冰岛南岸的杰古沙龙冰河湖(Jökulsárlón)旁,是一片遍布碎冰的绝美黑沙滩,属Breiðamerkursandur冰川平原的一部分。

冰河湖内的碎冰被暗涌冲刷上岸,陈列在沙滩之上。透明的冰块和黝黑的沙滩形成了鲜明的对比,特别是在阳光明媚的日子里,冰块反射着太阳光芒,犹如钻石般闪耀,因此得名钻石冰沙滩。钻石沙滩是摄影爱好者、自然爱好者和野生生态爱好者们的天堂。许多野生海豹生活在这一地区,经常出现在岸边或冰河湖中的巨型浮冰上,因此钻石冰沙滩及周边地区也是冰岛观赏海豹的最佳地点之一。

Breiðamerkursandur冰川平原

Breiðamerkursandur冰川冲刷平原位于Hornafjörður峡湾地区。这片广袤的沙滩沿冰岛南岸延绵约18公里,从Kvíárjökull冰川脚下一直延伸到Breiðamerkurjökull冰川下的杰古沙龙冰河湖

Kvíárjökull冰川和Breiðamerkurjökull冰川同属欧洲最大冰川——瓦特纳冰原(Vatnajökull)的分支冰舌,位于瓦特纳冰川国家公园内。

Breiðamerkursandur形成于火山运动。瓦特纳冰川的三只冰舌(Breiðamerkurjökull、Hrútárjökull、Fjallsjökull)由于火山活动而向前流动,碾碎了其下的岩石,同时推动了冰川沉积物,塑造出一片平原。

冰岛有许多形成原理类似的冰川平原。Breiðamerkurjökull冰川的末端更切入地表,塑造出如今的杰古沙龙冰河湖。这座1935年才形成的湖泊是目前冰岛最深的湖。

虽然冰河湖和钻石冰沙滩有着令人屏息的美景,但它们都是气候变化、全球变暖的产物。随着冰川不断消融,冰河湖和冰沙滩的冰将逐步消失,最终变为普通的湖泊与沙滩。

杰古沙龙冰河湖

杰古沙龙冰河湖中的冰块被冲刷上岸,陈列在黝黑的沙滩上,犹如钻石,故名钻石冰沙滩。

杰古沙龙冰河湖是冰岛最热门的旅游景点之一。湖中漂浮着无数从冰川上剥离的巨型浮冰。湖泊与海洋相连,暗流不断改变着浮冰的形态与位置,冰河湖的景色因此瞬息万变。

Jökulsá河将冰河湖与大西洋连接,湖内浮冰会随着河水流动不断向大海移动,最终汇入海洋,许多碎冰还会被海浪带到冰河湖的出水口,在Breiðamerkursandur黑沙滩上陈列,这就是著名的“钻石沙滩”。

钻石冰沙滩安全须知

钻石冰沙滩不似雷尼斯黑沙滩(Reynisfjara)那般危险,并没有汹涌澎湃的巨浪,但在游览沙滩时仍有许多需要格外注意的安全事项。

首先要防范巨型冰川碎冰。任何时候都绝对不要攀上这些冰块,以免被冰块锋利的边缘割伤。

更危险的是,貌似平稳的浮冰暗藏危险;有人踏上冰块时,冰块很有可能因为突然的重量改变而翻转,使人落水;落水者则还有可能被湖泊暗涌拖入海中,或者因体温骤降而休克,危及生命!

为了禁止游客做出鲁莽且危害个人生命安全的行为,地方政府已经正式立例,对踏上浮冰的游客征收高额罚款。

附近的旅行资源 钻石冰沙滩

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 钻石冰沙滩

杰古沙龙冰河湖

Jökulsárlón is Iceland’s most famous glacier lagoon. Conveniently located in the southeast by Route 1, about halfway betwee...

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Breiðárlón冰湖

Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Bromr. Breiðárlón is a gorgeous, yet often overlooked glacier lagoon, that can be found ...

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Fjallsárlón冰河湖

Photo from Boat Tour on Fjallsarlon Fjallsárlón is a glacial lagoon in Iceland, located on the southern end of  Vatnajökull g...

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Þórbergssetur博物馆

Thorbergssetur, located in the remote region of Sudursveit in South-East Iceland, is a culture center and heritage museum dedicated to the history of ...

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Fjallsjökull冰川

Fjallsjokull is an outlet glacier of Oraefajokull and is located in Vatnajokull National Park, not far from Skaftafell. At this glacier you'll b...

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Breiðamerkurjökull冰川

Breiðamerkurjökull is the glacial tongue that extends from southern Vatnajökull and into the glacier lagoon Jökulsárl&oacu...

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厄賴法冰蓋

  Oraefajokull is a glacier volcano in South-East Iceland. On its north-western side is Iceland's highest peak, Hvannadalshnjukur (2109 m). ...

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华纳达尔斯赫努克火山

Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo Credit: Matias Ärje Hvannadalshnúkur, or Hvannadalshnjúkur, is the highest peak of Ör...

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Virkisjökull冰川

  Virkisjokull is a glacier situated near Skaftafell in Southeast Iceland. Virkisjokull is an outlet of Vatnajokull glacier and thus a part of...

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Falljökull冰川

Falljokull ('Falling Glacier') is an outlet glacier from the Vatnajokull icecap.  Hiking on Falljokull means experiencing a dramatical...

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Hafrafell山

  Hafrafell is a mountain in south-west Iceland, located about twelve kilometres (seven miles) from the capital city. More specifically, Ha...

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斯卡夫塔山冰川

Wikimedia. Creative Commons. Credit: Praveen Kumar Bodigutla Skaftafellsjökull is a glacier tongue spurting off from Iceland's largest ...

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Morsárfoss瀑布

Morsárfoss is Iceland's tallest waterfall, measuring 228 metres. In fact, there are several waterfalls in the area, and sometimes...

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Ingólfshöfði岬角

Ingofshofdi is a cape and a nature reserve in Southeast Iceland, located south of Vatnajokull. Ingolfshofdi is encircled by rocky cliffs but a sand d...

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Heinabergslón冰河湖

Credit: PhotoVicky.  Heinabergslón is a little-known glacial lagoon in the south of Iceland. It can be found within Vatnajökull Nat...

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斯卡夫塔山

Skaftafell is a nature reserve located in Vatnajökull National Park in the south-east of Iceland. It is an oasis of this nation’s diverse...

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斯瓦蒂瀑布

Svartifoss, in spite of being just 20 metres (66 feet) tall, and not particularly powerful, is one of Iceland’s most popular waterfalls. The b...

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Vestragil

Vestragil is a gully at Skaftafell in Vatnajokull National Park and a popular stop for hikers. Here you get the chance to soak weary feet in a hot sp...

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Fláajökull

Wikimedia. Creative Commons. Credit:  Jerzy Strzelecki. Fláajökull ("Sloping Glacier") is a small glacier tongue foun...

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瓦特纳冰川

Vatnajökull glacier is the largest glacier in Europe, covering 8% of Iceland’s landmass. It is the central feature of the Vatnajök...

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