了解 东部冰岛

冰岛东部与西部峡湾一样,都少有游客到访,完美诠释了避世生活。

冰岛东部地域广阔,以极致的自然美景与迷人的历史文化著称。鲜少有人造访的东部峡湾即属冰岛东部大区,各具魅力的峡湾小镇与丰富的野生生态是东部峡湾的最大特色。

冰岛东部的小镇与基础设施

冰岛东部的城镇并不多,其中基础设施最完备的是东部地区的最大城镇:埃伊尔斯塔济(Egilsstaðir)。

埃伊尔斯塔济镇上设有餐厅、商店、加油站以及适合不同旅行预算的住宿选择,也有博物馆等文化设施。埃伊尔斯塔济也设有机场,游客可以选乘冰岛国内航班,从雷克雅未克飞抵埃伊尔斯塔济,参加从当地出发的冰岛东部旅行团。

塞济斯菲厄泽(Seyðisfjörður)是冰岛东部另一个著名小镇,《白日梦想家》电影就曾在此取景;除了一般的旅游服务外,游客还可以选择从这里搭乘轮船,前往斯堪的纳维亚地区的其他国家。“神山小镇”Djúpivogur也同样是冰岛东部的重要城镇之一。

冰岛东部也是Kárahnjúkar水力发电站的所在地,电站为许多城镇提供能源。大坝的建造曾引发对冰岛生态环境的热烈争论。

冰岛东部的自然与生态

冰岛东部以群山环围的峡湾景色而闻名,幽深的峡湾内也坐落着许多可爱的渔村小镇。

东部的内陆地区则有着肥沃的农业耕作区,同时也是冰岛最大森林Hallormsstaðaskógur的所在地,森林也是冰岛桦树分布面积最大的区域。距离森林不远处拉加尔湖(Lagarfljót)则是东部地区的另一大自然景点,传说湖中栖居着一只蛇形水怪!

许多河流贯穿冰岛东部,在这些河流的河口通常都能找到海豹的聚居地。资源丰富的水域中富含海洋生物,也为鲸鱼和海豚提供了充足的食物,东部地区的自然生态因此无比活跃。

冰岛最高的独立山峰Snӕfell是冰岛东部的地标性景点,高原绿洲Eyjabakkar则是世界上最大的粉脚雁栖息地之一。

冰岛野生驯鹿也聚居在冰岛的东部。驯鹿最早被挪威商人带到冰岛,但由于缺乏系统饲养的农场,这些驯鹿现在均成为了无人养殖的野生动物。许多鸟类夏季时也会来到冰岛东部栖息,其中就包括可爱的海鹦。

欧洲最大冰川——瓦特纳冰原(Vatnajökull)一路从冰岛南岸延展至冰岛东部,常常会在视线中出现。

冰岛东部的文学文化

冰岛东部文化、历史的中心是Fljótsdalshérað地区的Skriðuklaustur。这里曾是冰岛中世纪的修道院,也是东部地区的宗教中心;20世纪时,冰岛著名作家贡纳尔·贡纳尔松(Gunnar Gunnarsson)也曾经居住于此潜心创作。

贡纳尔曾经创作出众多大师级文学作品,例如《降临节》(Aðventa)、《黑鸟》(Svartfugl)、《博尔加家族萨迦》(Saga borgarættarinnar)、自传体小说《山上教堂》(Fjallkirkjan)等。

冰岛东部的现代文化依然活跃,主要以各类特色节日的形式体现。每年在塞济斯菲厄泽(Seyðisfjörður)举行的LungA音乐节、在Neskaupstaður举行的Eistnaflug重金属音乐节和Neistaflug音乐节都吸引了来自冰岛全国乃至世界各地的无数游客额。

附近的旅行资源 东部冰岛

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 东部冰岛

Brúardalir山谷

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Axel Kristinson. Brúardalir is a series of valleys in Brúaröræfi in East&...

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斯奈山

Snæfell is the name of the largest freestanding mountain in Iceland, located in the east of the country. Other Mountains named Snæfell ...

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Kárahnjúkavirkjun水力发电站

Karahnjukavirkjun is a Hydropower plant in Eastern Iceland, designed to 4600 GWh annually to serve Alcoa's aluminium smelter east of Reydarfjordur...

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Karahnjúkar地区

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Christoph Hess Karahnjúkur describes two mountains and a power plant, found beside each other in...

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Hafrahvammar峡谷

Photo from: Canyon Hiking Tour Hafrahvammar is a vast canyon, north of Dimmugljúfur Canyon in East Iceland.  Hafrahvammar is also known ...

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Eyjabakkar湿地

Eyjabakkar is an oasis in the East Highlands of Iceland.  This is Iceland's second-largest wetland, the largest being Thjorsarver, itself a ...

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Eyjabakkajökull冰川

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by NASA. Eyjabakkajökull is a northeastern glacial tongue of the great Vatnajökull glacier,...

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Vesturdalur山谷

Vesturdalur is a green and lush mountainous valley in Skagafjordur, cutting deep into the mid highlands. The place is a popular campsite. The river H...

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Laugarvalladalur温泉

Laugarvalladalur is a beautiful, verdant oasis, best known for the many hot springs that sit around the abandoned farm on site. Located west of the...

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Bruarjokull冰川

Wikimedia. Creative Commons. NASA.  Brúarjökull is a 1600 sq km (617 sq mi) glacier tongue extending from Iceland's largest ice-...

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Hvannalindir绿洲

Hvannalindir is a vegetated area within Vatnajökull National Park in the Highlands of Iceland.  While the Icelandic Highlands mostly consis...

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荒野中心博物馆

Óbyggðasetrið, also known as the Wilderness Center, is a highland adventure hub which caters to those with a passion for the surroundin...

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Skriðuklaustur考古站点

Skriduklaustur is a culture and learning institute in the valley of Fljotsdalur in East Iceland. It is a historical site and home to the Gunnar instit...

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斯维纳山冰川

Svínafellsjökull in an outlet glacier of Vatnajökull, the largest ice cap in Europe. It is one of the country’s most popular ...

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阿斯基亚火山

Askja is a caldera in the central Highlands of Iceland, just north of Vatnajökull glacier. It is best known for its dramatic eruptions, as wel...

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黑尔杜布雷山

  Herdubreid is a table mountain (Icelandic: 'stapi'), situated north of Vatnajokull in the deserted lava field of Odadahraun, the most ...

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赫度布雷林達綠洲

Herdubreidarlindir is an oasis situated near Herdubreid mountain north of Vatnajokull glacier. The area features a campground and hiking trails and i...

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亨吉瀑布

Photo by Regína Hrönn Ragnarsdóttir. Hengifoss is a waterfall that runs from the river Hengifossá in the municipality of Fl...

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克威克山

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Pietro Kverkfjöll is a sub-glacial mountain range on the northern side of the Vatnajökul...

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Hoffell

Hoffell is a farmland area in southeast Iceland. Photo Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Gummao Hoffell is located by the outlet glacier of ...

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