了解 Eyjabakkar湿地

冰岛中央内陆高地东部的eyjabakkar湿地是一片绿洲

图片来自Wikimedia Commons, 摄影师Berserkur

Eyjabakkar湿地是冰岛中央内陆高地东部的一片美丽绿洲。

Eyjabakkar是冰岛境内的第二大湿地,其面积仅次于Þjórsárver,亦是国际湿地公约的成员之一。湿地海拔约650米,植被多样而葱郁,与冰岛中央内陆高地的粗犷地质形成了鲜明的对比。当归等植物在此繁茂生长,多种鸟儿在此安然栖居。Eyjabakkar是世界上最大的粉脚雁栖息地之一,据统计,约有7000对粉脚雁在此繁衍生存。

21世纪之交,冰岛内陆高地蕴藏的自然潜力愈发被外界所知,冰岛政府曾预备在Eyjabakkar附近的冰川河上兴修水坝;如若大坝建成,Eyjabakkar湿地便会被彻底淹没。这项计划最终流产,但政府随后选择了布鲁冰河(Jökulsá á Dal,又名Jökulsá á Brú或Jökla)作为修坝地点,建起了规模庞大的卡拉努卡尔水电站(Kárahnjúkavirkjun),为冰岛东海岸雷扎尔菲厄泽地区(Reyðarfjörður)的美国铝业公司(Alcoa)冶炼厂提供电力,供能可达2600亿瓦。水电站自兴建以来便备受争议,许多环保人士激烈抗议,严厉控诉这种摧毁冰岛内陆高地生态的经济行为。

附近的旅行资源 Eyjabakkar湿地

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 Eyjabakkar湿地

斯奈山(东部冰岛)

图片来自Wikimedia Commons, 摄影师Oliagust 斯奈山(Snæfell)位于冰岛东部,是冰岛冰川以外地区的最高山峰。 其他斯奈山 许多游客会将冰岛东部的斯奈山与冰岛西部的斯奈山半岛(Snæfellnes)混淆,两座同名的山峰各具其美,却迥然不同...

浏览

Eyjabakkajökull冰川

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by NASA. Eyjabakkajökull is a northeastern glacial tongue of the great Vatnajökull glacier,...

浏览

Brúardalir山谷

图片来自Wikimedia, Creative Commons, 摄影师Axel Kristinson Brúardalir是冰岛东部Brúaröræfi荒原内的一组山谷的统称。 周边景点 Brúardalir由Laugarval...

浏览

Kárahnjúkavirkjun水力发电站

Karahnjukavirkjun is a Hydropower plant in Eastern Iceland, designed to 4600 GWh annually to serve Alcoa's aluminium smelter east of Reydarfjordur...

浏览

Karahnjúkar地区

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Christoph Hess Karahnjúkur describes two mountains and a power plant, found beside each other in...

浏览

Hafrahvammar峡谷

Photo from: Canyon Hiking Tour Hafrahvammar is a vast canyon, north of Dimmugljúfur Canyon in East Iceland.  Hafrahvammar is also known ...

浏览

荒野中心博物馆

Óbyggðasetrið, also known as the Wilderness Center, is a highland adventure hub which caters to those with a passion for the surroundin...

浏览

Laugarvalladalur温泉

Laugarvalladalur is a beautiful, verdant oasis, best known for the many hot springs that sit around the abandoned farm on site. Located west of the...

浏览

Bruarjokull冰川

Wikimedia. Creative Commons. NASA.  Brúarjökull is a 1600 sq km (617 sq mi) glacier tongue extending from Iceland's largest ice-...

浏览

Skriðuklaustur考古站点

Skriduklaustur is a culture and learning institute in the valley of Fljotsdalur in East Iceland. It is a historical site and home to the Gunnar instit...

浏览

斯维纳山冰川

冰岛斯维纳山冰川(Svínafellsjökull)是欧洲最大冰原瓦特纳冰川的分支,因其壮观的冰川地形及周边美景,成为了冰岛最著名的冰川徒步目的地之一。 交通方式 斯维纳山冰川属于斯卡夫塔山自然保护区(Skaftafell Nature Reserve)的一部分,以数...

浏览

亨吉瀑布

图片來自 Regína Hrönn Ragnarsdóttir. 亨吉瀑布(Hengifoss)位于冰岛东部的Fljótsdalshreppur大区,高约128米,发源自Hengifossá河,是冰岛第三高瀑布。 ...

浏览

Hvannalindir绿洲

Hvannalindir is a vegetated area within Vatnajökull National Park in the Highlands of Iceland.  While the Icelandic Highlands mostly consis...

浏览

Stuðlagil峡谷

Stuðlagil峡谷坐落于冰岛东部的约屈尔河谷(Jökuldalur,意为“冰川山谷”)内,是冰岛新晋的“网红景点”之一。壮观的巨型六棱玄武岩柱整齐划一、棱角分明,高高耸立于湍急冰川河的两侧,景象开阔而壮观,越来越多的游客会特意来到...

浏览

Litlanesfoss瀑布

Litlanesfoss瀑布是冰岛东部的一座山间瀑布,四周被六棱玄武岩石壁环围,展现着独特的小众风光之美。 瀑布 Litlanesfoss是一座高约30米的双层瀑布,因四周陡崖上玄武岩柱丛生,故而又被称作“石柱瀑布”(Stuðlabergsfoss)。棱角分明...

浏览

Hoffell

Hoffell is a farmland area in southeast Iceland. Photo Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Gummao Hoffell is located by the outlet glacier of ...

浏览

Atlavík水湾

图片来自Wikimedia Commons, 摄影师Reykholt Atlavík是冰岛东部的一座小水湾,坐落于冰岛最大森林Hallormsstaðarskógur之中、东部著名湖泊拉加尔湖(Lagarfljót)之畔。如今,众树掩映之间的A...

浏览

Fláajökull

Wikimedia. Creative Commons. Credit:  Jerzy Strzelecki. Fláajökull ("Sloping Glacier") is a small glacier tongue foun...

浏览

Hallormsstaðaskógur国家森林

图片来自Wikimedia, Creative Commons, 摄影师Cristophe L Hess 冰岛最大的森林Hallormsstaðaskógur坐落于东部峡湾,毗邻该地区的最大城镇埃伊尔斯塔济(Egilsstaðir)。风光无限的徒步路线、怡人心脾的森林...

浏览

Hofdavik

Höfðavík is a popular camping ground in east Iceland. Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Christoph L. Hess Höfðav&...

浏览