了解 Eyjabakkar湿地

冰岛中央内陆高地东部的eyjabakkar湿地是一片绿洲

图片来自Wikimedia Commons, 摄影师Berserkur

Eyjabakkar湿地是冰岛中央内陆高地东部的一片美丽绿洲。

Eyjabakkar是冰岛境内的第二大湿地,其面积仅次于Þjórsárver,亦是国际湿地公约的成员之一。湿地海拔约650米,植被多样而葱郁,与冰岛中央内陆高地的粗犷地质形成了鲜明的对比。当归等植物在此繁茂生长,多种鸟儿在此安然栖居。Eyjabakkar是世界上最大的粉脚雁栖息地之一,据统计,约有7000对粉脚雁在此繁衍生存。

21世纪之交,冰岛内陆高地蕴藏的自然潜力愈发被外界所知,冰岛政府曾预备在Eyjabakkar附近的冰川河上兴修水坝;如若大坝建成,Eyjabakkar湿地便会被彻底淹没。这项计划最终流产,但政府随后选择了布鲁冰河(Jökulsá á Dal,又名Jökulsá á Brú或Jökla)作为修坝地点,建起了规模庞大的卡拉努卡尔水电站(Kárahnjúkavirkjun),为冰岛东海岸雷扎尔菲厄泽地区(Reyðarfjörður)的美国铝业公司(Alcoa)冶炼厂提供电力,供能可达2600亿瓦。水电站自兴建以来便备受争议,许多环保人士激烈抗议,严厉控诉这种摧毁冰岛内陆高地生态的经济行为。

附近的旅行资源 Eyjabakkar湿地

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 Eyjabakkar湿地

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