了解 犀牛石

Hvítserkur犀牛石位于冰岛西北部的Húnaflói海湾中,是一座形状奇特的玄武岩巨石

Hvítserkur坐落于冰岛西北部的Húnaflói海湾中,是一块15米高的玄武巨岩。随着潮涨潮落,岩石露出海面的部分不断变换形状,故有“犀牛石”、“象鼻石”、“巨怪石”之称;姿态生动,引人遐思。 海鸥、鸬鹚、暴风鹱等多种海鸟也在巨石上筑巢栖息。

在冰岛北部瓦斯半岛(Vatnsnes)的东岸,游人能够近距离观察到犀牛石的奇特构造。犀牛石也是著名的观鸟胜地,实际上岩石的冰岛语名称也与鸟儿有关。Hvítserkur意为“白衬衫”,指的就是鸟类的白色排泄物覆盖着黝黑岩石表面的情状。

犀牛石的景色千变万化,不同水位、不同光线下都美得迥异;冬季北极光与夏季午夜阳光下的犀牛石更是迷人,吸引了无数摄影师与游客来此一探究竟。

民间传说

正如冰岛的许多怪石、巨石一样,犀牛石也被人们视作巨怪的化身。传说,半岛上的一只巨怪试图毁坏Þingeyraklaustur修道院内的大钟,却因没有注意到冉冉升起的太阳,只得在日光照耀下石化成柱。

传说中的巨怪视基督教为敌,而故事背后的写作者或许正是要借此寓言,普及基督教信仰。公元1000年,冰岛皈依基督教,摒弃了北欧众神的异教信仰。在基督徒的心目中,仍然坚守旧俗的冰岛人也许就如传说中的巨怪一般,古板、愚蠢、暴力;巨怪的石化与失败,也象征着基督信仰必将胜利,异教信徒终遭失败。

岩石生成

冰岛北部Hvítserkur犀牛石的形状引人联想

犀牛石是地质运动与人工作业共同塑造的自然奇观。奔腾的海浪不断侵蚀玄武岩体,在岩石底部穿凿出三个蚀洞,为原本单调的巨石增添了无尽“个性”;独特的岩石造型才引人联想到神话与传说中的异兽。

海浪侵蚀也不断毁坏着岩石的基底,于是人们在海底浇筑水泥,将岩石底部牢牢固定住,保持住了这座天然火山熔岩奇观。

海水与岩石交错出奇妙的形态,有人说似大象饮水、有人说像巨龙匍匐:有一千个游客,就有一千种对犀牛石姿态的想象与解读。

周边景点

犀牛石所在的瓦斯半岛是冰岛观赏海豹的最佳地点之一,游客还可以参观华姆斯唐吉小镇(Hvammstangi)的冰岛海豹中心,了解有关海豹的趣味知识与冰岛北部的风土人情。小镇濒临海洋,浩渺海景让人难忘;镇上基础设施齐全,设有商店与餐厅。

Sigríðarstaðir海滩位于犀牛石以南,是冰岛观测海豹成功率最高的地点之一。

历史悠久、风光淳朴的Súluvellir农场距离犀牛石也不远。

附近的旅行资源 犀牛石

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 犀牛石

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