了解 Kárahnjúkavirkjun水力发电站

Karahnjukavirkjun is a Hydropower plant in Eastern Iceland, designed to 4600 GWh annually to serve Alcoa's aluminium smelter east of Reydarfjordur in Northeast Iceland. 

The Karahnjukar plant takes its energy from the dam at Jokulsa a Dal/Bru glacier river and Jokulsa in Fljotsdalur  with five dams altogether and three reservoirs. The largest dam is also the largest of its kind in Europe, 193 m high and 730 m long and comprised of 8.5 million cubic meters of material.

Former irrigation plans had aimed at the Eyjabakkar wetlands in the east highlands but those plans were aborted following strong protests. The construction of this dam, the largest of its kind in Europe, led to no less heated debates however. It is located in what was the largest relatively unspoiled wilderness is Europe and it was noted that important areas of land would go underwater, in addition to subsequent pollution. The most prominent critique of the Karahnjukar project was published in Icelandic writer Andri Snaer Magnason's book Draumalandid, which has been translated into English, and the subequent documentary Dreamland. Karahnjukavirkjun's main workforce is comprised of foreign workers, around 70%.

附近的旅行资源 Kárahnjúkavirkjun水力发电站

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 Kárahnjúkavirkjun水力发电站

Karahnjúkar地区

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Christoph Hess Karahnjúkur describes two mountains and a power plant, found beside each other in...

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Hafrahvammar峡谷

Photo from: Canyon Hiking Tour Hafrahvammar is a vast canyon, north of Dimmugljúfur Canyon in East Iceland.  Hafrahvammar is also known ...

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Laugarvalladalur温泉

Laugarvalladalur is a beautiful, verdant oasis, best known for the many hot springs that sit around the abandoned farm on site. Located west of the...

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Brúardalir山谷

图片来自Wikimedia, Creative Commons, 摄影师Axel Kristinson Brúardalir是冰岛东部Brúaröræfi荒原内的一组山谷的统称。 周边景点 Brúardalir由Laugarval...

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斯奈山(东部冰岛)

图片来自Wikimedia Commons, 摄影师Oliagust 斯奈山(Snæfell)位于冰岛东部,是冰岛冰川以外地区的最高山峰。 其他斯奈山 许多游客会将冰岛东部的斯奈山与冰岛西部的斯奈山半岛(Snæfellnes)混淆,两座同名的山峰各具其美,却迥然不同...

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Eyjabakkar湿地

图片来自Wikimedia Commons, 摄影师Berserkur Eyjabakkar湿地是冰岛中央内陆高地东部的一片美丽绿洲。 Eyjabakkar是冰岛境内的第二大湿地,其面积仅次于Þjórsárver,亦是国际湿地公约的成员之一。湿地海拔约...

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Hvannalindir绿洲

Hvannalindir is a vegetated area within Vatnajökull National Park in the Highlands of Iceland.  While the Icelandic Highlands mostly consis...

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荒野中心博物馆

Óbyggðasetrið, also known as the Wilderness Center, is a highland adventure hub which caters to those with a passion for the surroundin...

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Eyjabakkajökull冰川

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by NASA. Eyjabakkajökull is a northeastern glacial tongue of the great Vatnajökull glacier,...

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Stuðlagil峡谷

Stuðlagil峡谷坐落于冰岛东部的约屈尔河谷(Jökuldalur,意为“冰川山谷”)内,是冰岛新晋的“网红景点”之一。壮观的巨型六棱玄武岩柱整齐划一、棱角分明,高高耸立于湍急冰川河的两侧,景象开阔而壮观,越来越多的游客会特意来到...

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Bruarjokull冰川

Wikimedia. Creative Commons. NASA.  Brúarjökull is a 1600 sq km (617 sq mi) glacier tongue extending from Iceland's largest ice-...

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海尔聚布雷达林德尔绿洲

海尔聚布雷达林德尔(Herðubreiðarlindir)是瓦特纳冰川以北的海尔聚布雷兹山(Herðubreið)旁的一座绿洲。 绿洲所在的周边地区是一望无际的熔岩地貌,喷出这些熔岩的火山口在海尔聚布雷兹山以西。泉水流至熔岩地下,为植物的生长提供了适宜的环境,造就了...

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海尔聚布雷兹山

图片来自Wikimedia. Creative Commons,摄影师Heidi Soosalu 海尔聚布雷兹山(Herðubreið)是一座平顶山(冰岛语中称作stapi),由凝灰岩构成,坐落于瓦特纳冰川(Vatnajökull)以北的Ód&aacut...

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Skriðuklaustur考古站点

Skriduklaustur is a culture and learning institute in the valley of Fljotsdalur in East Iceland. It is a historical site and home to the Gunnar instit...

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阿斯基亚火山

阿斯基亚火山(Askja,也译作阿斯恰火山)居于冰岛北部的内陆高地、瓦特纳冰川(Vatnajökull)以北。壮丽的冰岛活火山地貌无比震撼,美国阿波罗号的宇航员就曾在这片异世外星般的地表上,进行登月训练与演习。 火山口的最顶点海拔达1510米,是冰岛名列前茅的高峰。阿斯基亚火山还是冰...

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亨吉瀑布

图片來自 Regína Hrönn Ragnarsdóttir. 亨吉瀑布(Hengifoss)位于冰岛东部的Fljótsdalshreppur大区,高约128米,发源自Hengifossá河,是冰岛第三高瀑布。 ...

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Litlanesfoss瀑布

Litlanesfoss瀑布是冰岛东部的一座山间瀑布,四周被六棱玄武岩石壁环围,展现着独特的小众风光之美。 瀑布 Litlanesfoss是一座高约30米的双层瀑布,因四周陡崖上玄武岩柱丛生,故而又被称作“石柱瀑布”(Stuðlabergsfoss)。棱角分明...

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阿斯基亚Víti火山口湖

图片来自Wikimedia. Creative Commons, 摄影师Ulrich Latzenhofer Víti火山口湖(“地狱湖”)嵌于冰岛中央内陆高地的阿斯基亚火山(Askja,又名阿斯恰火山)之中,是冰岛北部的热门自然景点之一。 阿斯基亚火山口湖...

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丁哥山

Dyngjufjoll is a volcanic mountain range in the lava field Odadahraun in the Icelandic highlands. The Askja caldera is situated in this mountain rang...

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默兹吕达勒农场

Modrudalur a Fjollum is the highest positioned farm in Iceland (469 m above sea level) and is located in the east highlands, north of Vatnajokull glac...

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