了解 阿尔纳斯塔皮

冰岛斯奈山半岛阿尔纳斯塔皮小镇的绝美海岸风光

阿尔纳斯塔皮(Arnarstapi)是冰岛斯奈山半岛南海岸线上的一座小渔村,是进入斯奈菲尔冰川国家公园(Snæfellsjökull)的必经之路。海滨的古老优雅房屋与沿岸的奇诡海蚀岩石是小镇的人文与自然特色。

历史

阿尔纳斯塔皮小镇的历史可追溯一部古老的萨迦传说:Bárðar saga Snæfellsáss;这部发生在斯奈山半岛(Snæfellsnes)的萨迦以半人半魔的英雄为主人公,在故事结尾,他走入斯奈菲尔冰川,成为了这座半岛的守护神。

斯奈山半岛上多天然良港,半岛海域中鱼类充足。在挪威与丹麦统治冰岛的时期,阿尔纳斯塔皮小镇一直都是重要的商贸港口。十八、十九世纪时,丹麦在小镇上建设了众多基础设施,以供丹麦统治者使用,这也是冰岛最早兴建的一批建筑;例如小镇上的丹麦官员官邸就可追溯至十八世纪七十年代。

工业革命期间,劳动力与大机器集中于首都雷克雅未克地区,阿尔纳斯塔皮也与其他乡村渔港一样丧失了其贸易与渔业中心的地位,流失了大量人口。而1943年冰岛独立后,随着全国开始兴建基础设施,冰岛的旅游业也渐渐发展起来,阿尔纳斯塔皮小镇也再度得到了关注。

渔业与商业一直是小镇的核心产业,而旅行服务业则是小镇经济的核心。无论是租车自驾还是跟随旅行团到访斯奈山半岛,游客都一定会在可爱祥和的阿尔纳斯塔皮歇脚漫步,小镇上还开设有餐厅咖啡厅与酒店住宿,是冰岛西部的重要旅行中转站。

周围景点

在冰岛斯奈山半岛阿尔纳斯塔皮小镇自由漫步

阿尔纳斯塔皮小镇的海岸风光堪称一绝,无数经过海浪侵蚀的奇石鬼斧神工,引人遐思。例如Gatklettur巨石的中空造型就颇为独特,深受摄影爱好者的喜爱,夏季时还有无数海鸟栖息其上,以北极燕鸥与海鸥为最。在阿尔纳斯塔皮沿海漫步,是在斯奈山半岛旅行的必做之事。小镇附近的Hellnahraun熔岩原则是一处徒步胜地,古时的冰岛人则常常骑马穿行这片粗犷荒芜的广袤土地。

阿尔纳斯塔皮坐落于斯奈菲尔冰川国家公园的外缘。几个世纪以来,斯奈菲尔冰川火山的神秘之美也吸引了无数游客。斯奈菲尔冰川国家公园是冰岛的三大官方国家公园之一,集聚了Lóndrangar“怪物海岸”玄武岩柱、教会山(Kirjufell,也称草帽山)等自然壮景。

小镇附近还有两座洞穴:瓦汀舍利尔(Vatnshellir)与“唱歌洞”(Sönghellir)。游客可以参加洞穴旅行团,进入瓦汀舍利尔探秘火山熔岩奇观。Rauðfeldsgjá峡谷也是斯奈山半岛上的明星景点之一,游客可以进入峡谷缝隙中,探寻另一番洞天。

附近的旅行资源 阿尔纳斯塔皮

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 阿尔纳斯塔皮

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