了解 海德纳尔小镇

冰岛西部斯奈山半岛的绝美海岸渔村海德纳尔小镇,是冰岛最受欢迎的渔港小镇之一

海德纳尔小镇(Hellnar,也称海勒纳尔)是冰岛斯奈山半岛(Snæfellsnes)最西端的一座袖珍渔港小镇,风景静美,历史悠久,曾是冰岛西部最大型的渔业中心之一,关于小镇的最早历史记录可追溯至1560年。

历史

海德纳尔小镇在历史上活跃而繁荣,商船与渔船往来不断,小镇生活繁忙而康泰。1703年时,小镇上已建有38座房屋;以冰岛标准来衡量,海德纳尔着实是一处“大型”聚落。

进入19、20世纪,冰岛的工业化缓慢起步,渔业、商业与工业集聚至雷克雅未克地区,也牵引了大量居民与劳动力离开乡村,前往城市。

在冰岛的工业化进程中,海德纳尔小镇与斯奈山半岛上的许多渔村一样,经济渐渐没落、人口逐渐流失,而临近的阿尔纳斯塔皮小镇则在丹麦政府的扶持下,依然欣欣向荣。

如今,海德纳尔小镇上只有几户常住家庭,但随着旅游业的兴盛,小镇又再一次迎来了经济与文化的繁荣。小镇虽然规模袖珍,设施却很齐全,酒店、餐饮应有尽有,是斯奈山半岛旅行中的热门住宿地点;镇上还建有一座可爱的北欧风“网红”教堂(Hellnakirkja),在蓝天碧海的映衬下十分上相。

海德纳尔小镇坐落于斯奈菲尔冰川火山(Snæfellsjökull)的脚下,也是通往斯奈菲尔国家公园的必经之路。镇上还有一座标有Hellnar的低矮黑房子,这就是小镇的博物馆,供游客了解小镇的历史变迁与国家公园的地质特色。

周边景点

海德纳尔小镇以海崖奇石与迷人海景而著称。斯奈山半岛的海岸崎岖却秀美,古代的火山活动塑造出嶙峋的天然熔岩,海浪与大风又将岩石雕刻成鬼斧神工的造型。海德纳尔小镇必做的旅行活动,就是沿着海边徐徐行走,一路伴着海鸥的欢快鸣叫,领略矗立海中的怪石之美。

其中最著名、最壮观的莫过于Valasnös海崖。巨型岩体切入海中,游人能清晰分辨出黝黑熔岩的分层;每一层都代表了一段地质历史,也都由自然力量磨蚀而出。巨岩中空,仿佛一座神秘的洞穴,滔滔巨浪在洞内翻滚汹涌,每每荡起高耸的激流。夏季时,海崖表面被葱翠的植被覆盖,冬季时则一片雪白;海鸥与北极燕鸥等海鸟栖息其上,但这里没有海鹦栖居。

Lóndrangar“怪物海岸”、教会山(Kirkjufell,“草帽山”)、Ytri Tunga海豹沙滩等斯奈山半岛知名景点都与海德纳尔小镇相距不远,无论是租车自驾旅行,还是跟团旅行,这些景点都不容错过。

附近的旅行资源 海德纳尔小镇

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附近的景点 海德纳尔小镇

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