了解 布迪尔

冰岛斯奈山半岛布迪尔黑教堂Búðakirkja在北极光下凄美动人

布迪尔村(Búðir)坐落于冰岛西部的斯奈山半岛(Snæfellsnes),属Snæfellsbær区辖下。

村庄位于冰岛西部Staðarsveit地区的Búðahraun熔岩原上;虽然名为村庄,该地却仅有布迪尔黑教堂与布迪尔酒店两座建筑,并无人口定居。

历史

布迪尔曾经是一座繁荣的渔村,也是斯奈山半岛上最活跃的贸易站之一。根据中世纪的资料记载,布迪尔是冰岛彼时最主要的港口之一;考古发现也表明,该地的港口活动可追溯至久远的冰岛移民定居时代。

19世纪时,布迪尔港口渐被弃用,而如今随着冰岛旅游业的繁荣发展,布迪尔又迎来了新的气象。

周边景点

布迪尔坐落于Búðahraun熔岩原上,这片广袤的火山熔岩原一直向东延伸至法赫萨湾(Faxaflói),向西则止于Hraunlandarif滩。高达88米的Búðaklettur火山位于熔岩原中央,岩浆即来自这座火山。熔岩原西南部有一入口,长达382米的Búðahellir岩洞即位于该处。

除了火山地貌,Búðahraun熔岩原也以丰富的植被而闻名,约有130种植物生长于此,其中也包括许多稀有、受保护的品种。自1977年起,熔岩原东部更正式被列为自然保护区。

布迪尔旁还有一大片高草,以及一座点缀着黝黑火山岩石的白沙沙滩。布迪尔酒店(Hótel Búðir)是斯奈山半岛的热门住宿选择,装修设施完善,酒店氛围浪漫,颇受游客的喜爱。

布迪尔黑教堂

布迪尔黑教堂(Búðakirkja)见证了这座村庄曾经的历史。1701年,Bent Lauridtsend在获得主教许可后,预备在布迪尔建造教堂。 有关教堂的选址,相传有一老妇提议,选一男人原地转圈直至晕眩,然后向天空发射三支箭,第三支箭的落点就是建教堂的地点。

两年后,一座草顶教堂建成了。而1816年,丹麦国王克里斯蒂安八世下令拆除该教堂,此后布迪尔的居民一直争取重建教堂。直到1849年,牧师委员会才正式批准他们的申请,前提是建造的费用及教堂的维护需要当地居民全额负责。

一位名为斯泰诺恩(Steinunn)的女人为教堂的重建付出了许多努力,她还一直悉心保管着布迪尔教堂曾经的物品,其中就包括Bent Lauridtsend于1703年制作的门闩。今日的黑教堂是很受欢迎的冰岛求婚地点,以及观赏午夜阳光及北极光的热门地点;教堂在上世纪五十及八十年代经过两次修缮,但保持了其原始的丹麦设计风格。

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