了解 西部冰岛

冰岛西部的自然风光无比秀美,熔岩瀑布就是其中的一处著名景点。

从地理位置来说,冰岛首都雷克雅未克同属冰岛西部。此外冰岛西部还有三大主要景区:斯奈山半岛(Snӕfellsnes)、博尔加峡湾(Borgarfjörður)和布雷扎峡湾(Breiðafjörður)。冰岛西部集聚着欧洲流速最快的温泉、冰岛最大的熔岩洞穴、迷人的冰川、美丽的瀑布、历史悠久的文化遗迹等景点。

虽然西峡湾地区和雷克雅内斯半岛(Reykjanes)也都位于冰岛西部,但人们常将其视为两个独立的区域,将其作为特殊地区单独介绍。

冰岛首都地区

冰岛的首都是雷克雅未克(Reykjavík),城市人口约为120,000,整个大雷克雅未克地区的人口则超过200,000。雷克雅未克的历史要追溯至公元870年:第一位定居冰岛的维京人英格尔夫·阿纳尔松(Ingólfur Arnarson)将此处作为定居地。

雷克雅未克也是冰岛历史最悠久的聚落,也是冰岛文化艺术的心脏。Sónar音乐节、冰岛电波音乐节(Iceland Airwaves)、秘密夏至音乐节(Secret Solstice)都在每年如期举行;同志大游行、冰岛文化之夜等盛大的文化节日也都以雷克雅未克为主阵。城市的博物馆、艺术馆各具特色,街头艺术、雕塑作品随处可见,还有许多听现场音乐、看艺术表演的场地与美味地道的酒吧与餐厅。雷克雅未克是一座充满活力的北欧都市。

哈尔格林姆斯大教堂(Hallgrímskirkja)、Harpa音乐会议厅、太阳航海者雕塑(Sólfar)等雷克雅未克的著名地标也都是赫赫有名的必游景点。

雷克雅未克是许多游客的自由行基地,也是很多冰岛旅行团出发的地点。您可以在雷克雅未克攻略页面找到更多由冰岛本地人撰写的实用旅行信息。

博尔加峡湾

博尔加峡湾位于雷克雅未克以北,不少著名的历史和自然景点就坐落于此。例如雷克霍特(Reykholt)就是冰岛中世纪文豪斯诺里·斯图鲁松(Snorri Sturluson)的故居,他曾在这里创作出了《散文埃达》、《挪威列王传》等北欧经典文学作品。

博尔加峡湾地区的最大城市是博尔加内斯(Borgarnes),这也是冰岛最早有人定居的地区之一。参观当地的冰岛定居中心展览(Settlement Centre),您将更加深入地了解冰岛历史。

博尔加峡湾也不乏自然胜景。冰岛第二高的瀑布——格里穆尔瀑布(Glymur)以及熔岩瀑布(Hraunfossar)、儿童瀑布(Barnafoss)都跻身冰岛最美瀑布之列;冰岛最长的熔岩洞穴Viðgelmir、欧洲流速最快的温泉德尔达图赫菲(Deildartunguhver)、冰岛第二大冰川——朗格冰川(Langjökull)也都位于这个迷人的峡湾之内。

斯奈山半岛

有“冰岛缩影”之称的斯奈山半岛也同属冰岛西部。磅礴的斯奈菲尔冰川火山(Snӕfellsjokull)与以冰川为中心的斯奈菲尔国家公园就坐落在这座狭长半岛之上。

斯奈山半岛因地貌丰富多样、极具冰岛特色而被誉为冰岛缩影,您将在半岛上发现火山、冰川、瀑布、山脉、熔岩原等奇妙的地理构造。半岛上最热门的景点是教会山(Kirkjufell,也称草帽山)、Gerðuberg玄武岩壁以及有“怪物海岸”之称的Lóndrangar海蚀柱

布雷扎峡湾

布雷扎峡湾分割了西峡湾与斯奈山半岛,海湾内散落着无数小岛,成千上万的鸟类都以此为家,其中就包括冰岛非官方“国鸟”海鹦。

古老的Eiriksstadir农场就位于布雷扎峡湾地区,也是维京人红发艾瑞克(Eric the Red)的故居。红发艾瑞克是第一个踏上格陵兰岛的欧洲人(于公元984年),其子莱夫·艾瑞克森(Leifr Eiríksson)则先于哥伦布500年发现了北美洲(约于公元1000年)。

附近的旅行资源 西部冰岛

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 西部冰岛

Glanni瀑布

Glanni is a beautiful waterfall in West Iceland, located close to the Grabrokarhraun lava field and the village Bifrost. Situated nearby, in the mid...

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Grábrók火山口

Photo by Regína Hrönn Ragnarsdóttir Grábrók is a volcanic crater east of Lake Hreðavatn in the fjord of Borgarfj...

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Krauma 地热温泉

  The Krauma Spa is a geothermal bath and spa resort in West Iceland. It is located near Europe's highest flowing hot spring, Deildartunguhv...

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Árhver 与 Vellir

Árhver (and nearby Vellir) is a geological feature which consists of six to eight vents on small sand flats, some slightly elevated but most ...

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Snorrastofa中古世纪研究中心

Snorrastofa is a cultural- and research center for medeval studies and the history of Borgarfjordur. The museum is situated in Reykholt, where Snorri...

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福萨图恩乡村酒店

Fossatún is a country hotel, renowned for being a centre to learn about Iceland’s troll folklore. Nearby are Troll Waterfal...

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Hítardalur地区

Hitardalur is an ancient manor estate and vicarage in the valley of the same name in West Iceland, close to Borgarnes. History Hitardalur is widel...

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Hvanneyri

Hvanneyri is a small agriculture and church centre in the west of Iceland and can be visited 80 km north of Reykjavik in the municipality of Borgarbyg...

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布扎达吕尔

  Erpsstadir is a dairy farm in Northwest Iceland, run by farmer Thorgrimur Einar Gudbjartsson and his family. Here you can experience a real...

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儿童瀑布群

  Barnafoss is a rapid waterfall in West Iceland, just a short walk away from the serene Hraunfossar falls. It is best known for its dark histor...

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赫伦瀑布群

Hraunfossar ('Lava Falls' in English) in Borgarfjörður district is a series of beautiful waterfalls formed by rivulets streaming ou...

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博尔加内斯冰岛移居史中心博物馆

The Settlement Center is a museum in Borgarnes, a town of west Iceland. Here, you can visit two exhibitions, with one about the Age of Settlement, a...

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Borg á Mýrum

Borg á Mýrum is a farm and church estate just west of the town of Borgarnes in Iceland.  The estate is especially rich in settleme...

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博尔加内斯

Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Chensiyuan Borgarnes is a town of fewer than 2000 people, located on a peninsula at the shore of Borgarfj&...

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哈萨菲尔

Húsafell is a large farm and church site in the Borgarfjörður district of West Iceland. With incredible natural beauty, it has been ...

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艾利克斯

  Eiriksstadir are ancient ruins in Haukadalur in Dalir county in West Iceland. The sagas mention Eiriksstadir as the abode of Eric the Red and ...

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Víðgelmir火山岩洞

Photo from: Into the Lava | Audio Tour of Víðgelmir Lava Cave and Borgarfjörður Viðgelmir is the largest lava tube in Ic...

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Ljósufjöll火山

Ljósufjöll is a central volcano and fissure vent system, located on the Snæfellsnes peninsula’s volcanic zone in West Icelan...

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德尔达图赫菲温泉

  Deildartunguhver is a hot spring located in Reykholtsdalur, a district of west Iceland. Deildartunguhver is the highest flowing hot spring i...

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Eldborg火山口

  Photo by Regína Hrönn Ragnarsdóttir. Eldborg is a crater on the base of the Snæfellsnes Peninsula that it is possibl...

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