了解 Búrfell山

Búrfell is a mountain in the south of Iceland, situated along the western boundary of Þjórsárdalur Valley.

Geology and history

The mountain is a basalt tuya, with tuya being a type of volcano formed when lava erupts through an ice cap or a glacier. These mountains are recognisable by their distinct shape of a flat top and steep sides. Such mountains are rather rare worldwide, confined to areas where active volcanism is occurring at the same time as glacial coverage. Lava which erupts under a glacier cools relatively quickly and is restricted from travelling far, so as a result, the lava piles up into a steep-sided hill. 

Surroundings

The river Þjórsá runs to the east of the mountain and to its south lie the waterfalls Þjófafoss and Tröllakonuhlaup that feed into the river. Þjórsá has been harnessed for its energy and the resulting power station, Búrfellsvirkjun, was named after the mountain. This hydroelectric plant, which started its workings in 1972, was the first grand-scale construction of its kind in Iceland and marked the beginnings of local industrialisation of natural resources.

To the south of the mountain, there is a birch forest by the name of Búrfellsskógur. At the foot of Búrfell stands the Viking museum Þjóðveldisbær, a reconstructed farmstead of historical accuracy, which includes a traditional Viking longhouse. 

Hiking 

Búrfell is steep from every side, but least so on its north side, where there is a road that leads to the top of the mountain. A receiver for cellphones is located at the top. The mountain has a height of 480 metres (1.570 feet) and is relatively easy to ascend if one follows the road. Hikers can park at the power plant but will have to walk the rest of the way. 

附近的旅行资源 Búrfell山

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 Búrfell山

沃普纳菲厄泽

沃普纳菲厄泽(Vopnafjörður)是冰岛东北部的一座古老小镇,静立于同名峡湾之中。 峡湾居于Digranes与Kollumúli两座海岬之间,两侧分别为巴卡湾(Bakkaflói)与Héraðsflói湾。一条...

浏览

Dimmugljúfur峡谷

Wikimedia. Creative Commons. Christian Bickel Fingalo.  Dimmugljúfur is a deep and dramatic canyon in northeast Iceland, a favourite amon...

浏览

菲约德勒姆冰河

菲约德勒姆冰河(Jökulsá á Fjöllum)是冰岛第二长的河流,滋养了数座磅礴震撼的冰岛北部瀑布。 地理地质 菲约德勒姆冰河长达206公里,发源自欧洲最大冰川:瓦特纳冰川(Vatnajökull),最终汇入格陵兰海。 菲约德...

浏览

默兹吕达勒农场

Modrudalur a Fjollum is the highest positioned farm in Iceland (469 m above sea level) and is located in the east highlands, north of Vatnajokull glac...

浏览

Hrossaborg火山口

Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by genevieverossier  Hrossaborg, in northeast Iceland, is a tephra and scoria crater. Its name means &ls...

浏览

Vok Baths

The Vök Baths is a geothermal spa located in east Iceland. It has been open since July 1st, 2019. Facilities at the Vok Baths Vök Baths ...

浏览

塞尔福斯瀑布

图片来自Wikimedia Commons, 摄影师Zairon 塞尔福斯瀑布(Selfoss)是冰岛北部钻石圈景区中的小众景点之一,与闻名遐迩的黛提瀑布毗邻。 冰岛南部有一座名为塞尔福斯的城镇,游客需注意区分。 瀑布 塞尔福斯瀑布较为低矮,高度仅为11米,而其瀑流却纵横100余米,独占...

浏览

杰古沙格鲁夫尔峡谷

杰古沙格鲁夫尔峡谷(Jökulsárgljúfur)坐落于冰岛北部,曾经是一座国家公园,如今已并入瓦特纳冰川国家公园(Vatnajökull)中。冰岛北部的数座著名瀑布均位于峡谷之内。 瀑布 杰古沙格鲁夫尔峡谷中最著名的瀑布非黛提瀑布(Dett...

浏览

Stuðlagil Canyon

Stuðlagil Canyon can be found in East Iceland in the Glacier Valley called Jökuldalur. With the largest number of basalt rock columns in Icel...

浏览

黛提瀑布

冰岛北部的黛提瀑布(Dettifoss)被誉为欧洲最高、最汹涌、水量最大的瀑布,是钻石圈景区的必游景点。 地理概况 黛提瀑布位于澎湃的菲约德勒姆冰河(Jökulsá á Fjöllum)之上,发源自欧洲最大冰川瓦特纳冰川(Vatnajö...

浏览

Helgafell山

  Helgafell is a farm and church site, by a 73 m hill of the same name, and located on Thorsnes, south of Stykkisholmur on Snaefellsnes peninsul...

浏览

哈菲列斯瀑布

  Downstream of Dettifoss, Europe's most powerful waterfall, is another major waterfall, the thunderous Hafragilsfoss. Like Dettifoss, Hafr...

浏览

埃伊尔斯塔济

埃伊尔斯塔济(Egilsstaðir)是冰岛东部地区的最大城镇,截至2018年的统计,当地人口为2464。埃伊尔斯塔济位于拉加尔湖(Lagarfljót)边,属Fljótsdalshérað大区。 埃伊尔斯塔济是冰岛东部交通、行政及服务...

浏览

东部区

  The Fljótsdalshérað  district in East Iceland, home to East Iceland's main town, Egilsstadir, is particularly attra...

浏览

海尔聚布雷达林德尔绿洲

海尔聚布雷达林德尔(Herðubreiðarlindir)是瓦特纳冰川以北的海尔聚布雷兹山(Herðubreið)旁的一座绿洲。 绿洲所在的周边地区是一望无际的熔岩地貌,喷出这些熔岩的火山口在海尔聚布雷兹山以西。泉水流至熔岩地下,为植物的生长提供了适宜的环境,造就了...

浏览

迪尔山

迪尔山(Dyrfjöll)是冰岛东部峡湾地区的一组山脉,坐落于东博尔加峡湾(Borgarfjörður Eystri)与Fljótsdalshérað大区之间。 山脉之名源自山上一处名为Dyr的巨型豁口,意为“门&rd...

浏览

拉加尔湖

拉加尔湖(Lagarfjlót)是冰岛东部的一座狭长湖泊,也有勒古里湖(Lögurinn)的别称。拉加尔湖以优美的景色、丰富的渔获与神奇的传说而闻名。 拉加尔湖的传说 只要冰岛本地人提到拉加尔湖,都一定会提起有关它的神秘传说,这则古老的故事也吸引了无数游人前往冰岛东部...

浏览

东博尔加峡湾小镇

图片来自Wikimedia Commons 东博尔加峡湾小镇(Borgarfjörður eystri)位于冰岛东部,约有130居民生活于此,巴卡盖尔济(Bakkagerði)是峡湾内的最大聚落。宁静避世的渔村生活与旖旎绝美的峡湾风光吸引了不少游客来此特意探访。 养...

浏览

Litlanesfoss

Litlanesfoss is a waterfall in east Iceland renowned for its surrounding geology. Description of Litlanesfoss Litlanesfoss is two-tier waterfall t...

浏览

Hallormsstaðaskógur国家森林

图片来自Wikimedia, Creative Commons, 摄影师Cristophe L Hess 冰岛最大的森林Hallormsstaðaskógur坐落于东部峡湾,毗邻该地区的最大城镇埃伊尔斯塔济(Egilsstaðir)。风光无限的徒步路线、怡人心脾的森林...

浏览