了解 Djúpalónssandur黑沙滩

Djúpalónssandur黑沙滩位于斯奈山半岛,是斯奈菲尔国家公园的一个必游景点

Djúpalónssandur黑沙滩位于冰岛西部的斯奈山半岛(Snæfellsnes),黝黑的卵石、陡峭的断崖都是火山运动的产物。

形成历史与景点特色

斯奈山半岛还是活跃的商贸中心时,Djúpalónssandur黑沙滩的所在地与布迪尔(Búðir)与海德纳尔(Hellnar)等小镇一样,原本也是一座繁荣的渔村,但后来渐渐被废弃;如今这些渔港小镇虽也有人居住,但大多都作为游客中转站而活跃在斯奈山半岛的经济版图上。

黑沙滩上的四块古老“举石”见证着昔日的捕鱼历史。四块石头重量依次递增,从23公斤~155公斤不等;过去的渔民海员就以这些石头来测量自己的力量。四块石头还各有其生动有趣的名字:Amlóði(无用)、Hálfdrættingur(弱儒)、Hálfsterkur(半力)、Fullsterkur(全力)。来到海滩的游客常常也会比试一番,但一定要注意安全、量力而行。

1948年,一艘从格里姆斯比(Grimsby)出发的英国拖网渔船Epine GY 7号在海滩处失事,14位船员不幸遇难、5名船员幸存。船只的遗骸与零件就散落在沙滩上,在海浪、风暴与日光的侵蚀下锈迹斑斑。

周围景点

斯奈山半岛被誉为“冰岛缩影”,极富冰岛特色的地质胜景俯拾即是。Djúpalónssandur黑沙滩的黝黑卵石以及矗立海中的巨型熔岩构造怪物海岸Lóndrangar都诞生自火山爆发,风浪的侵蚀也将海崖与岩柱塑造成鬼斧神工的奇妙形态;从黑沙滩上,还可眺望到斯奈菲尔冰川火山(Snæfellsjökull)的磅礴身影。

Djúpalón(深湖)与Svörtulón(黑湖)两座宁静的湖泊就掩映于黑沙滩岩丛之后,黑沙滩所在海湾的名称就取自“深湖”。过去的人们一直认为两座湖泊深不可测,而科学研究则表明,湖泊深度仅为5米。

被熔岩环围的静美湖泊尽显冰岛自然之美,许多冰岛人也相信它们能够展露神迹;在12世纪末时,“黑湖”曾被Guðmundur góði主教祝圣,此后人们一直认为黑湖的湖水具有疗愈疾病的神奇功效。

Söngklettur“唱歌洞”也位于黑沙滩附近。这座熔岩洞穴造型奇诡、颜色别致,黝黑中渗透着殷红。在民间传说中,这样的洞穴就是精灵矮人们的教堂,而Kerling、Lóndrangar等岩柱形态似人,则被认为是由巨人石化而成。

注意事项

在游览Djúpalónssandur黑沙滩时,一定要注意远离海浪。与冰岛南岸的雷尼斯黑沙滩(Reynisfjara)一样,来自大西洋的汹涌海浪时刻舔舐着沙滩,隐藏着巨大的危险。游客不能进入海中游泳;在背对海洋拍照时,也要记得与海浪保持距离,在风浪天气中尤其需要小心。

黑沙滩的卵石美丽而圆润,但黑沙滩属于受法律保护的自然保护区,游客不得随意采集沙滩上的卵石;带走卵石是违法行为。

附近的旅行资源 Djúpalónssandur黑沙滩

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 Djúpalónssandur黑沙滩

瓦汀舍利尔火山熔岩洞穴

Photo from Into the Underworld | Vatnshellir Caving Tour Vatnshellir Cave is a lava tube on the Snæfellsnes Peninsula and a popular site for ca...

浏览

斯奈菲尔冰川国家公园

Snæfellsjökull National Park is found on the tip of the Snæfellsnes Peninsula and is one of three National Parks in Iceland. It is ...

浏览

Lóndrangar怪物海岸

The Lóndrangar basalt cliffs are amongst the many geological wonders of the Snæfellnes peninsula. Geology of Lóndrangar Once a...

浏览

斯奈菲尔冰川

Snæfellsjökull is a glacier-capped volcano found on the tip of the Snæfellsnes Peninsula in west Iceland. It stands in a National P...

浏览

斯奈山半岛

Snæfellsnes is a large peninsula extending from West Iceland, often nicknamed ‘Iceland in Miniature’ due to its wealth and diversi...

浏览

Saxhóll火山口

 Wikimedia. Creative Commons. Credit: Diego Delso.  Saxhóll is one of the most popular craters on the Snæfellsnes Peninsula, f...

浏览

唱歌洞

Sönghellir, or 'Song Cave', is a cave on the Snæfellsnes peninsula famed for its echoing quality. The acoustics inside have a magic...

浏览

海德纳尔小镇

Hellnar is an old fishing village on the westernmost part of the Snaefellsnes peninsula. It used to be one of the largest fishing stations of the pe...

浏览

阿尔纳斯塔皮

Arnarstapi is a village on the southern side of the Snæfellsnes peninsula, once a fishing hub and now a place for travellers to refuel before ...

浏览

Gatklettur海蚀洞

Gatklettur ("Hellnar Arch") is a famous, naturally formed stone arch found between the villages of Arnarstapi and Hellnar on the Snæ...

浏览

Rauðfeldsgjá大裂缝

Wikimedia. Creative Commons. Emstrur.  Rauðfelsdsgjá, which translates to Red Mountain Rift, is a beautiful gorge in Botnsfjall Mount...

浏览

Skarðsvík沙滩

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Ulrich Latzenhofer.  A golden sandy beach found on the northwestern tip of the Snæfellsnes P...

浏览

Ölkelda农场

  Olkelda is a farm in the south of Snaefellsnes, taking its name from a renowned mineral spring close by. The pristine mineral spring by the O...

浏览

欧拉斯维克小镇

Olafsvik is a fishing town of just over a 1000 people, located on the west side of the Snaefellsnes peninsula.  Economy and services Olafsvik h...

浏览

海德利桑德镇

Photo above from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Chensiyuan Hellissandur is a village dating back to the 16th Century, found on the northwesternmost ...

浏览

布迪尔

Búðir is a small hamlet in the municipality of Snæfellsbær on the westernmost tip of the Snæfellsnes Peninsula. The ha...

浏览

教会山

Kirkjufell, or 'Church Mountain', is a distinctly shaped peak found on the north shore of Iceland’s Snæfellsnes Peninsula, only ...

浏览

格伦达菲厄泽小镇

Wikimedia, Creative CommonsChensiyuan  Grundarfjörður is a small town found on the north coast of the Snæfellsnes Peninsula ...

浏览

Melrakkaey岛

Melrakkaey ("Fox Island") is a small island found at the mouth of Grundarfjörður. Melrakkaey was protected in 1972 and today, onl...

浏览

Ytri Tunga海豹沙滩

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by pjt56. Ytri Tunga is a beach by a farm of the same name on the Snæfellsnes Peninsula. Unlike many...

浏览