了解 斯考尔赫尔特

Skalholt is a town in south Iceland.Wikimedia, Creative Commons, Photo by Qaswad

Skálholt is a historical site and an ancient bishop seat in South Iceland.

History

From 1056 to 1785 Skálholt was one of two episcopal seats in Iceland, the other being Hólar in the North. They were the two most important cultural and political centres in Iceland, beside Þingvellir where the National Assembly was held.

In the Middle Ages, Skálholt featured a monastery, a cathedral, a school, dormitories and a smithy, and was surrounded by many farms. The country was Catholic until the Reformation, which ended in blood at Skálholtl the last Catholic bishop, Jón Arason, was beheaded here with his two sons in 1550.

The school founded here, Skálholtsskoli, was the first official school in the country, and the current Reykjavik Gymnasium (‘MR’)  in Reykjavík has its roots in this old establishment.

Skálholt today

Skalholt was a religious centre in south Iceland.Flickr, Photo by Justin Pickard

Skálholt today has an ordaining bishop. it features a large evangelical Lutheran church, Skálholt Cathedral, which was built between 1956 and 1963. Skálholt also serves as an education and information center of the Church of Iceland.

The town is a popular tourist destination and hosts many cultural events, such as concerts, the most prominent of these being the July summer concerts programme featuring classical musicians, choirs and more.

In 1954, during an archaeological excavation a sarcophagus was found, which was believed to contain the bones of Páll Jónsson, one of Skálholt's most powerful bishops. These are on display along with other relics found at the site in an underground vault beneath the memorial church.

At the vault are also two other Icelandic tombstones and a number of ones of foreign bishops and a governor.

Within the church you may also find relics from an earlier church that was built at the site in the 17th Century. The church tower contains ancient books and among the eight church bells is a small one that dates from the middle ages that still retains a beautiful and clear tone.

In short, tourists interested in history, religion, archaeology, culture and classical music will all find entertainment at Skálholt.

 

附近的旅行资源 斯考尔赫尔特

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 斯考尔赫尔特

Brúará河

Brúará is a spring-fed river in west Iceland which runs by the boundaries of municipalities Biskupstungur and Grímsnes.  ...

浏览

雷克霍特

雷克霍特(Reykholt)是冰岛西部的历史文化名镇,亦是冰岛中世纪文豪斯诺里·斯图鲁松(Snorri Sturluson)的故居所在。 斯诺里·斯图鲁松 斯诺里·斯图鲁松是冰岛中世纪的贵族首领,曾任议会法律宣讲人,更是一位传奇的文学家与史学家;他的...

浏览

Friðheimar番茄农场

图片来自fridheimar.is Friðheimar番茄农场位于冰岛南部,是一座向游客开放的农场与马场。新鲜的番茄产品以及以14种语言上演的马术表演是这一景点的两大特色。 番茄农场 冰岛南部的地热运动十分活跃,地表之下就隐藏着温热的泉水,涌出地表后就成为地热温泉,Reykjadal...

浏览

秘密温泉

秘密温泉位于冰岛南部的Flúðir小镇,坐落于Hverahólmi地热区;是一座人造地热温泉,同时也是冰岛最古老的地热温泉,每年都吸引了无数冰岛本地人与游客来此体验。 虽然不及蓝湖温泉知名,仍需提前预定秘密温泉门票。 周边景点 秘密温泉坐落于冰岛最热门的...

浏览

Sólheimar Ecovillage

Sólheimar (“Home of the Sun”) is an eco-village in southwest Iceland, in the municipality of Grímsnes og Grafningshreppur,...

浏览

Flúðir小镇

Flúðir小镇是冰岛南部Hrunamannahreppur市辖下的一个小村镇,以有机生态风光与乡村地热温泉而闻名。 地理位置 Litla-Laxá河从Flúðir小镇中穿行而过,最终汇入冰川河“白河”(Hv&...

浏览

Tungufljót河

The beautiful Tungufljot in Southwest Iceland is one of Iceland‘s most cherised rivers for fishing sea trout. The river lies in Biskupstungur i...

浏览

Stóra-Laxá河

Stora-Laxa is a 90 km long fresh water river, located at Hreppar in South Iceland. It is renowned for its salmon and widely considered one of Iceland&...

浏览

艾弗斯达勒

Efstidalur is a farm that holds a hotel, cafe, restaurant, and arguably the best ice-cream in Iceland. Facilities at Efstidalur Efstidalur is prim...

浏览

勒伊加湖小镇

图片来自冬季冰岛浪漫夜特色旅行团|神秘北极光 + 丰塔纳温泉 冰岛南部的勒伊加湖小镇(Laugarvatn,又名劳加尔瓦特恩)临同名湖泊而建,镇上仅有200余人居住。小镇原址是一座寄宿学校,随后逐渐发展为聚落。勒伊加湖小镇与附近的Fontana地热温泉都是冰岛黄金圈景区的知名小众景点。 勒伊加湖...

浏览

秘境瀑布

Brúarfoss ('Bridge Falls') is a relatively small waterfall compared to many of its Icelandic counterparts, but its diminutive size do...

浏览

Vatnsleysufoss瀑布

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Kkaefer.  Vatnsleysufoss, otherwise known as ‘Faxi’ or Faxafoss, is a small waterfall ...

浏览

Lyngdalsheiði地区

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Christian Bickel. Lyngdalsheiði is a heathland in South Iceland, known for its numerous caves. ...

浏览

凯瑞斯火山口

凯瑞斯火山口(Kerið)坐落于冰岛南部的Grímsnes地区,是一座旖旎壮丽的火山口湖,与黄金圈景区的三大旅行景点相距不远,是该地区最受欢迎的小众景点之一。 黄金圈景区 黄金圈是冰岛最热门、游览人数最多的旅游景区,由黄金瀑布(Gullfoss)、Haukadalur地...

浏览

Valahnúkur山

  Valahnukur is a mountain in the beautiful Thorsmork valley in South Iceland. Valahnukur is a popular hiking trail, as it offers a magnificent...

浏览

盖歇尔间歇泉

盖歇尔地热区(Geysir)是举世闻名的间歇泉喷发区,坐落于冰岛西南岸的Haukadalur山谷中。 辛格维利尔国家公园(Þingvellir)、黄金瀑布(Gullfoss)与盖歇尔地热区共同组成了冰岛最热门的黄金圈景区。 盖歇尔间歇泉地理特征 盖歇尔间歇泉的喷发强度曾为所有间...

浏览

史托克间歇泉

史托克间歇泉(Strokkur)位于冰岛西南岸的黄金圈景区,是最活跃、最热门的冰岛地热景观之一,与黄金瀑布(Gullfoss)、辛格维利尔国家公园(Þingvellir)共同组成了黄金圈景区的三大经典景点。 史托克间歇泉位于Haukadalur地热山谷,也即盖歇尔间歇泉地热区,闻名...

浏览

Haukadalur地热山谷

冰岛南部的Haukadalur地热山谷是热门黄金圈景区的三大经典景点之一。 地热山谷栖于勒伊加湖(Laugarvatn)以北,是盖歇尔(Gesyir)与史托克(Strokkur)两大著名间歇泉的故乡,地热喷泉、蒸汽孔、沸泥潭等地热奇观随处可见。山谷与山丘被地热活动中的丰富矿物染成缤纷的色彩,瑰...

浏览

鳟鱼瀑布

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Árni Hjaltarson Urriðafoss is a waterfall in the Þjórsá river in so...

浏览

黄金圈

绵延300公里的黄金圈是冰岛最热门的旅游路线,盖歇尔间歇泉地热区(Geysir)、黄金瀑布(Gullfoss)与辛格维利尔国家公园(Þingvellir)三大景点都是冰岛旅行的必游景点。 黄金圈景区交通便利,从首都雷克雅未克出发一日之内即可往返;租车自驾和参加旅行团都是绝佳的旅行选...

浏览