了解 斯维纳山冰川

从斯维纳山冰川上俯瞰斯卡夫塔山的美景

冰岛斯维纳山冰川(Svínafellsjökull)是欧洲最大冰川瓦特纳冰川的分支,以极具特色的冰川地貌及周边美景成为了冰岛最著名的冰川徒步目的地之一。

交通方式

斯维纳山冰川属于斯卡夫塔山自然保护区(Skaftafell Nature Reserve)一部分。自然保护区以拥有数量众多的徒步路线闻名,除了受徒步爱好者欢迎外,许多摄影师们也视这个保护区为拍摄自然风光的冰岛摄影胜地之一。

这个自然保护区曾经是独立的冰岛国家公园,只是在2008年和杰古沙格鲁夫尔(Jökulsárgljúfur)国家公园合并为如今的瓦特那冰川国家公园(Vatnajökull National Park)

自然保护区全年皆可造访,从冰岛首都雷克雅未克(Reykjavík)出发,沿贯穿冰岛全国的一号环岛公路开车约4小时即可到达。沿着一号公路行驶到998号公路后左转,就可以抵达斯卡夫塔山自然保护区游客中心。

斯卡夫塔山自然保护区游客中心是绝大部分斯卡夫塔山冰川徒步旅行团的自驾集合地点,也有部分冰川徒步旅行团会提供雷克雅未克接送,或从维克镇(Vík)出发。但要正式踏上冰川,还涉及一小段徒步的路程。

如果你准备自驾造访斯卡夫塔山,途径的维克镇及教堂镇(Kirkjubæjarklaustur)都是很好的休息站,你可以在这两个小镇加油、买一些干粮。雷克雅未克和斯卡夫塔山自然保护区之间还有多个著名旅游景点,其中包括塞里雅兰瀑布(Seljalandsfoss)、斯科加瀑布(Skógafoss)及雷尼斯黑沙滩(Reynisfjara)。

斯卡夫塔山斯维纳冰川即使在阴天仍闪烁着蓝色的光芒

斯维纳山冰川的特色

斯卡夫塔山斯维纳冰川经常与索尔黑马冰川(Sólheimajökull)竞争成为冰岛最受欢迎的冰川徒步地点。虽然索尔黑马冰川距离雷克雅未克更近,有更适合攀冰的冰墙,但斯维纳山冰川也有者与众不同的过人魅力。

首先要提到的是它的表面,有别于索尔黑马的冰墙,斯维纳山冰川的表面有着更多尖锐的边缘,虽然无法攀爬,形态却更为优美。

第二,斯维纳山冰川的高度赋予了它更加的观景机会。登上索尔黑马冰川,你可以看到Sólheimasandur黑沙滩的荒芜之景以及冰岛南岸平原上的黑沙滩,而登上斯维纳山冰川则可以看到瓦特纳冰川国家公园内许多冰川冰舌和周边巍峨的群山,附近绿色植被和远处的海景也可以尽收眼底。

而两作冰川的共同特色,则是它们周边都有着许多著名的旅游景点。例如斯维纳山冰川比邻遍布冰川巨冰的杰古沙龙冰河湖(Jökulsárlón);索尔黑马冰川则是距离冰岛南岸两大著名瀑布更近。

斯维纳山冰川和索尔黑马冰川的颜色都以白色、蓝色为主,其中也参杂了一些在几个实际之前火山爆发后所留下的火山灰。

如果在夏季冰川徒步,你会发现冰川的颜色较浅但徒步的难度较简单,在登顶后看到的景色也更为辽阔清澈。如果在冬季冰川徒步,你则会有更大机会在参加冰川徒步旅行团的过程中发现冰川天然形成的冰洞。

斯维纳山冰川的美不仅仅受到冰岛人和游客的赞誉,更受到了大热美剧《权力的游戏》的青睐,曾多次出现在剧集中,其中以第七季最多。《权力的游戏》第七季大部分“城墙以北”的场景都在斯维纳山冰川取景拍摄,倒数第二集的激战戏码,就是斯维纳山冰川成为剧中“明星场景”的最佳体现之一。

附近的旅行资源 斯维纳山冰川

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 斯维纳山冰川

Hoffell

Hoffell is a farmland area in southeast Iceland. Photo Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Gummao Hoffell is located by the outlet glacier of ...

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Fláajökull

Wikimedia. Creative Commons. Credit:  Jerzy Strzelecki. Fláajökull ("Sloping Glacier") is a small glacier tongue foun...

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Heinabergslón冰河湖

Credit: PhotoVicky.  Heinabergslón is a little-known glacial lagoon in the south of Iceland. It can be found within Vatnajökull Nat...

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Hornafjörður峡湾

Hornafjörður (“Fjord of Horns”) is a fjord, municipality and growing community found in southeast Iceland. The fjord takes its ...

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霍芬镇

Höfn is an Icelandic fishing town of just over two thousand people in southeast Iceland. It is the most significant settlement on Route 1 betwe...

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Eyjabakkajökull冰川

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by NASA. Eyjabakkajökull is a northeastern glacial tongue of the great Vatnajökull glacier,...

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Almannaskarðsgöng隧道

Almannaskarðsgöng is a 1312m (roughly 1.3km) tunnel along Route 1, located near Höfn (Hornafjörður) in the eastern region of Ic...

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Stokksnes地区

Vestrahorn, on the Stokksnes peninsula in Southeast Iceland, is one of the country’s most breathtaking mountains. With peaks reaching up to 45...

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Eyjabakkar湿地

Eyjabakkar is an oasis in the East Highlands of Iceland.  This is Iceland's second-largest wetland, the largest being Thjorsarver, itself a ...

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斯奈山

Snæfell is the name of the largest freestanding mountain in Iceland, located in the east of the country. Other Mountains named Snæfell ...

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Bruarjokull冰川

Wikimedia. Creative Commons. NASA.  Brúarjökull is a 1600 sq km (617 sq mi) glacier tongue extending from Iceland's largest ice-...

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Þórbergssetur博物馆

Thorbergssetur, located in the remote region of Sudursveit in South-East Iceland, is a culture center and heritage museum dedicated to the history of ...

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东部冰岛

East Iceland is a vast area of incredible natural beauty, striking contrasts and fascinating history and culture. It is home to the remote and beaut...

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Brúardalir山谷

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Axel Kristinson. Brúardalir is a series of valleys in Brúaröræfi in East&...

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Breiðamerkurjökull冰川

Breiðamerkurjökull is the glacial tongue that extends from southern Vatnajökull and into the glacier lagoon Jökulsárl&oacu...

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杰古沙龙冰河湖

Jökulsárlón is Iceland’s most famous glacier lagoon. Conveniently located in the southeast by Route 1, about halfway betwee...

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钻石冰沙滩

The Diamond Beach is a strip of black sand belonging to the greater Breiðamerkursandur glacial plain, located by Jökulsárl...

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Kárahnjúkavirkjun水力发电站

Karahnjukavirkjun is a Hydropower plant in Eastern Iceland, designed to 4600 GWh annually to serve Alcoa's aluminium smelter east of Reydarfjordur...

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Karahnjúkar地区

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Christoph Hess Karahnjúkur describes two mountains and a power plant, found beside each other in...

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Hafrahvammar峡谷

Photo from: Canyon Hiking Tour Hafrahvammar is a vast canyon, north of Dimmugljúfur Canyon in East Iceland.  Hafrahvammar is also known ...

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