了解 黛提瀑布

黛提瀑布磅礴壮阔,位于冰岛北部

冰岛北部的黛提瀑布(Dettifoss)被誉为欧洲最高、最汹涌、水量最大的瀑布,是钻石圈景区的必游景点。

地理概况

黛提瀑布位于澎湃的菲约德勒姆冰河(Jökulsá á Fjöllum)之上,发源自欧洲最大冰川瓦特纳冰川(Vatnajökull)。瀑布宽100米、高45米,水声暴裂如雷鸣,平均每秒水量达193立方米,滚滚落入幽邃的Jökulsárgljúfur峡谷。

峡谷与瀑布位于冰岛最大国家公园——瓦特纳冰川国家公园的北部,均被列为自然保护区。菲约德勒姆冰河还滋养了另外两座壮观的瀑布:塞尔福斯瀑布(Selfoss)与Hafragilsfoss瀑布。

夏季午夜阳光下的黛提瀑布

周围景点

黛提瀑布、西峡湾斯奈山半岛都不在冰岛一号环岛公路上,但有两条路况复杂的公路连通主路与瀑布。前往黛提瀑布的最佳方式是驾驶四驱车或参加旅行团,但在冬季时,四驱车有时也无法驾驭崎岖的冰雪路况。

距离黛提瀑布最近的大型城镇是“冰岛北部首都”阿克雷里(Akureyri)。拥有超过一万居民的阿克雷里,是除首都大雷克雅未克地区外最大的城镇,也是环岛旅行者以及冰岛北部旅行者最常选择的住宿与中转地点。

胡萨维克(Húsavík)也是冰岛北部地区的一座广受游客欢迎的迷人小镇,更有着“欧洲观鲸之都”的美誉,夏季时观鲸成功率甚至可达100%。冰岛海域最常见的鲸鱼种类有座头鲸、小须鲸、白吻斑纹海豚、港湾鼠海豚等,更为珍奇的蓝鲸、长须鲸、塞鲸、剑刎鲸、领航鲸、白鲸、虎鲸也偶有现身。

钻石圈景区的另一处景点米湖地区(Mývatn)位于阿克雷里与黛提瀑布之间。米湖以活跃的鸟类、多样的植被与良好的生态而闻名;多种鸟类栖居于此,以鸭类为最。

米湖地区的地质风光也同样震撼。火山地热运动塑造了假火山口、玄武岩柱、黑暗城堡熔岩原群(Dimmuborgir)等奇诡的地质构造;传说黑暗城堡还是冰岛十三个圣诞老人的家园。

黑暗城堡与米湖都是大热美剧《权力的游戏》的取景地,黛提瀑布则在2012年的电影《普罗米修斯》中频频现身,瀑布本身的暗黑磅礴氛围与电影中的异世外星完美契合。

位于一号公路沿线的众神瀑布(Goðafoss)坐落于阿克雷里与米湖之间。众神瀑布虽然不及黛提瀑布恢弘,却独具秀美旖旎之处,也曾见证恢弘的冰岛历史。公元1000年,冰岛法律宣讲人宣布冰岛摒弃北欧众神旧教,转而皈依基督教,并将北欧神像掷入瀑布中——这便是“众神”一名的由来。

黛提瀑布以北是绝美的阿斯匹吉峡谷(Ásbyrgi)。这座马蹄形状的峡谷郁郁葱葱,传说是北欧众神之首奥丁的八蹄神兽的一个壮丽足印。

附近的旅行资源 黛提瀑布

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 黛提瀑布

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