了解 伊萨菲厄泽

冰岛西峡湾图片,照片来自摄影师 'Bjarki Sigursveinsson' 维基百科

伊萨菲厄泽(Ísafjörður)坐落于冰岛西峡湾地区的西北部,是西部峡湾的首府,该地区的最大城市,也是西峡湾的贸易、商业、渔业和旅游业中心。  

伊萨菲厄泽位于Skutulsfjörður峡湾内,属于冰岛最大峡湾Ísafjarðardjúp(直译为:冰峡湾深处)的一部分。伊萨菲厄泽是冰岛西峡湾地区极少数可以称得上是城市的聚落,约有2600人口。

伊萨菲厄泽历史

根据冰岛《定居之书》的记载,Skutulsfjörður峡湾的第一个定居者是公元9世纪的Helgi Magri Hrólfsson。而在大约16世纪时,伊萨菲厄泽因为发达的贸易而得到迅速发展,在1786年正式确立了市政地位,成为具有独立市政府的城市。

冰岛最古老的房子也位于伊萨菲厄泽;房子建于1734年,现为民俗博物馆的一部分。城市内还有不少其他木质结构的老房子,基本都由外国商人在18世纪时建造。这一地区比较著名的建筑物有Tjöruhús(现为海鲜餐厅)与Turnhús(现为海事博物馆)。

回顾历史,伊萨菲厄泽曾经是冰岛最重要的渔业中心之一。如今这座城市已不再是渔业重镇,最主要的原因是20世纪80年代的捕鱼限制令、鱼群数量的整体减少以及首都雷克雅未克(Reykjavík)渔业巨头的垄断,伊萨菲厄泽也因此流失了不少人口。

近几年,冰岛旅游业的迅速发展也为伊萨菲厄泽创造了许多工作机会,推动了当地经济的进步。城镇基础设施齐全,酒店、青旅、餐厅、咖啡厅一应俱全,不少西峡湾旅行团也从伊萨菲厄泽出发。

伊萨菲厄泽的天气及周边景点

冰岛西峡湾内随处都可以看到幽谧的绝色峡湾

伊萨菲厄泽的气候与西峡湾地区一致,均为苔原气候 。西峡湾和亚北极地区接近,冬季寒冷、夏季凉爽。由于伊萨菲厄泽地处峡湾之内,被陡峭的山脉环绕,在冰岛的隆冬季节以及极夜现象明显的时候,伊萨菲厄泽甚至好几个礼拜都接触不到阳光。

冰岛西峡湾地区生态良好,生活着多种多样的鸟类,伊萨菲厄泽也不例外;只要顺着徒步路线走出城市中心,在郊区就可以观赏到许多鸟类。如果准备在伊萨菲厄泽附近徒步,别忘了去山野上寻觅野生北极狐的踪影,或者到沿岸的海滩放眼观察海豹和鲸鱼的踪迹。

从伊萨菲厄泽出发可以到达西峡湾的许多自然景区,其中包括欧洲最西端、举世闻名的观鸟悬崖拉特拉尔角(Látrabjarg);自然原始野性的Hornstrandir自然保护区;随着太阳光线变色的红沙滩(Rauðasandur);以及全冰岛唯一一座面积正在扩大的德朗加冰川(Drangajökull)。

伊萨菲厄泽活动

伊萨菲厄泽人口较少,与世隔绝,却十分有城市气氛。这里经常举办各种特色活动和节日,包括冰岛滑雪节、Act Alone戏剧节、欧洲沼泽足球锦标赛以及小众的Aldrei fór ég suður音乐节等等,有着避世小镇的绝妙风情。

附近的旅行资源 伊萨菲厄泽

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 伊萨菲厄泽

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