冰岛最值得体验的徒步线路|长途背包露营与短途一日徒步

冰岛最值得体验的徒步线路|长途背包露营与短途一日徒步

认证旅行专家

壮丽的冰岛中央内陆高地。冰岛是徒步和远足的好地方,几乎每个地区都有几条不错的徒步线路。如果您是一名徒步爱好者,想在冰岛进行一场徒步之旅,却又不知道冰岛最值得体验的徒步线路,无法选择最适合您的那一条,那就在这篇文章中看看这几条长途、短途线路以及它们的位置吧,不管选择哪条线路,都不会让您失望。

冰岛似乎是为徒步旅行者量身打造的,境内遍布山川、瀑布、温泉、火山和各种形状、大小、颜色的冰川。每个地区都有绝佳的徒步路径,适合不同经验和水平的徒步旅行者。可以说,在冰岛每个人都能找到适合自己的徒步旅行路线。

冰岛丰富的徒步路线让徒步爱好者兴奋不已——他们一次又一次来到冰岛,解锁一条又一条新的路线。毕竟,在冰岛徒步,每一次都是不一样的体验。



冰岛拥有三个广阔的国家公园和无数的自然保护区。每年,政府和民众都会努力保护岛上独特的动植物。

就连城里人也明白这一点。只要在雷克雅未克市中心逗留五分钟,质疑者很快就会明白冰岛人对户外活动的热爱。Icewear66°NorthCintamani都是市中心的大型零售店,提供徒步旅行者所需的一切,从防风雨衣到三人帐篷应有尽有。

市内的艺术馆陈列着各种摄影、绘画和雕塑作品,从峭拔的山峰到匍匐的冰川,无不向岛上的自然景观致敬。就连冰岛最著名的地标性建筑——哈尔格林姆斯大教堂(Hallgrímskirkja)和国家大剧院(Þjóðleikhúsið)也深受冰岛自然美景的启发。



在冰岛徒步的装备

在冰岛徒步旅行和在其他地方一样,出发前需要深思熟虑、做好准备,还要有一点勇气。徒步的时间有多长?是否有人知道您的计划,预计返回时间是什么时候?您知道冰岛紧急服务机构的电话号码吗?

冰岛的中央内陆高地是许多徒步旅行者的梦想之地。

这些只是启程前应该思考的一小部分问题。您还应试着问自己一些“白痴”的问题,设想可能发生的各种情况,看看自己是否有能力应对。



徒步的技术问题

考虑您所选择的冰岛徒步旅行的距离,评估您的身体状况,并估计徒步耗时。一个简单的方法是做一些基本的研究,可以在网上查找资料或查阅有关冰岛徒步的专门书籍。

需要注意的关键信息有:

  • 预估海拔

  • 地形,如铺砌好的小路、土路、熔岩原

  • 徒步所需时间

这应该能让您对自己即将进行的徒步整体状况有一定了解。如果您是一名摄影师,还需要考虑携带哪些摄影器材、哪种器材最适合您的徒步旅行,以及您的体力可以承受多少。 

冰岛非常适合徒步游览。

徒步所需的装备

了解上述信息后,您就应该知道徒步旅行本身所需的其他装备了。例如,如果您只打算徒步旅行几英里,那么除了相机、几层保暖衣物、一双结实的靴子和一瓶水之外,几乎不需要其他装备。

冰岛的大多数徒步路径沿途都有饮用水,而且在冰岛饮用泉水是安全的,因此您几乎随时都可以在途中补充水。如果您计划在冰岛徒步并过夜,您需要的东西会更多,包括一个能够存放所有必需品的大背包。

以下是一份必备清单:

  • 水:建议两小时徒步旅行带一升水。高强度的徒步旅行需要更多水,而在较冷的天气中通常需要的水量较少。虽然可能有水源,但您仍需要携带足够的水以便到达这些水源。

  • 带上能量补给的零食:对于更具挑战性的徒步旅行,可以带能量胶;对于较轻松的徒步旅行,可以带燕麦棒。如果是远距离徒步,请携带更多的食物。

  • 结实的徒步靴:除非您只是围绕城镇散步,否则冰岛的地形需要好的鞋子。

  • 保暖衣物:徒步时最好穿多层衣物,这样可以根据天气情况进行调整。

  • 防水防风的夹克和裤子:特别是在冰岛的冬季。



携带冰岛徒步旅行地图(实体版或电子版)

地图也是背包中必不可少的一部分。在冰岛崎岖而开阔的荒野中,很容易迷失方向,尤其是在徒步中途遇到天气突变的情况下。

您需要一张冰岛徒步旅行地图,以便在不可预知的地形中为您导航。此外,地图还可以帮助您确定方向、规划徒步旅行的下一步,并找到某些景点的确切位置。

网上有许多离线地图可以下载使用。请务必在出发前做好研究。

为您的远足制定有条理的行程是避免迷路的不二法门。

随身携带急救包

急救箱是徒步旅行最重要的装备之一。在冰岛,这种预防措施是必不可少的,因为冰岛的荒野绵延广阔,救援人员往往难以驾驭。如果受伤,应立即拨打冰岛紧急电话112。

您还可以下载SafeTravel App,让紧急服务人员通过GPS追踪您的位置,以便在需要救援时更容易找到您。该应用程序适用于iPhone、Android和 Windows等机型,是徒步旅行的必备工具。

告知他人您的徒步计划

您必须在出发前告知他人您的计划。您可以在冰岛搜救协会留下您的旅行计划,如果不幸发生意外,冰岛搜救队能迅速做出反应。



冰岛远足路径上的危险

在冰岛徒步旅行和地球上其他地方一样安全,但您仍应学会了解、识别、规避危险。

我们可以做很多事情来减少这种潜在的危险,比如确保您已经准备好在路上所需的一切(如医药箱、地图、衣物等)。



不可预测的天气

首先要提到的危险是天气。冰岛的天气出了名的变化无常。前一刻,你还沐浴在灿烂的阳光下;下一刻,冰雹就像白色的小陨石一样砸向地面,你只能跑到最近的屋檐下避雨。

在舒适、遮风挡雨的城市里,这样的天气并不是什么大问题,但在冰岛的徒步路径上,天气可能会给您带来严重的困扰,甚至致命。

无论是降雨导致山路难行,还是大雾遮蔽了周围的世界,抑或是暴风雪来袭,冰岛的天气都是一股不可忽视的力量。不要试图在恶劣的条件下徒步,这样做会给您带来巨大的危险,可能会迫使紧急救援人员进行本可以避免的救援。

冰岛的天气瞬息万变,极具破坏性。

脱水和疲劳

如果徒步时间较长,脱水可能是个问题。虽然冰岛的许多河流都是冰川河流,可以直接饮用,但还是建议您随身携带水壶。出发前,请阅读您将徒步的路径的相关资料,了解沿途有多少水源。此外,疲劳也可能是一个因素,因此请携带能量棒,以确保您有足够的体力完成徒步旅行。

在评估自己的体能水平时,要对自己的徒步能力留有一定的余地。不要高估自己的能力,贸然开始一段12公里的徒步旅行,结果在半途被困住。冰岛徒步旅行的一大乐趣在于,活动本身是次要的,广阔的美丽风景才是主要的。放慢脚步,享受步行的过程,并确保自己能够安全返回。

冰岛徒步的最佳时间

午夜阳光下,斯奈山半岛上的教会山倒映在静静的水面上。

冰岛的美丽风景四季皆宜,但在冰岛徒步的最佳时间是夏季。六月、七月和八月是理想的季节。七月在冰岛午夜阳光下徒步是一种美妙的体验。

此外,徒步最好避开冬季,因为冬季日照时间短,天气寒冷。但您可以考虑在冬季进行冰川徒步和观赏北极光

冰岛最值得体验的徒步线路

冰岛有很多值得体验的徒步线路,任君选择。

现在您已经为冒险做好了充分准备,并了解了沿途的潜在危险,接下来需要决定在冰岛选择哪些徒步路线。正如之前提到的,冰岛各个地区都有不同的步道和徒步路线,使得决定在冰岛徒步的地点变得具有挑战性。

有些人甚至决定徒步穿越冰岛。从冰岛北部海岸到南部海岸的徒步旅行大约需要18到20天,只有经验丰富的徒步者才应尝试。记住,您需要携带所有的装备。

较短的多日徒步旅行(一到六天)更受欢迎,对于普通徒步者来说,虽然具有挑战性,但还是可以完成的。Laugavegurinn和Fimmvorduhals是冰岛最受欢迎的两大徒步路线。

其他值得考虑的徒步旅行路线包括豪斯川迪尔自然保护区(Hornstrandir)、西峡湾、Víknaslóðir徒步路线和东峡湾。冰岛各地都有短程的半日徒步路线,在雷克雅未克周围也有很多选择。

每个国家公园和大多数露营地都会推荐不同难度的徒步路径。通常您可以在那里找到最新、最全面的信息,因此一定要向露营地的工作人员咨询建议,并查看国家公园的地图。

以下是Guide to Iceland为您推荐的冰岛最值得体验的徒步线路。

兰德曼纳劳卡地区

兰德曼纳劳卡(Landmannalaugar)地区是冰岛首屈一指的徒步旅行目的地,被评为世界最美的十大徒步目的地之一。五彩缤纷的流纹岩山脉美丽非凡,如同海洋上翻滚的多彩波浪一般,吸引着无数徒步爱好者和摄影师前来。

除此之外,这里地热资源丰富,拥有不少适宜沐浴的天然温泉。徒步一天后,还可以在温暖的泉水中放松身心。

兰德曼纳劳卡所在的中央内陆高地只在冰岛的夏季月份开放,从6月底或7月初直到9月底(视天气情况而定)。

兰德曼纳劳卡(Landmannalaugar)地区是冰岛首屈一指的徒步旅行目的地。

有3条受欢迎的短途徒步路线可以供大家选择。

Laugahraun熔岩原→Brennisteinsalda硫磺火山

这次徒步旅行将带您从漆黑的Laugahraun熔岩原边缘到Brennisteinsalda硫磺火山(“硫磺波浪”)后再返回。Brennisteinsalda硫磺火山高0.8公里,得名于山体上散布的大量硫磺斑点。由于铁的红色、火山灰的深蓝色和苔藓的绿色,Brennisteinsalda硫磺火山被认为是冰岛色彩最丰富的山脉。

距离:6.5公里

耗时:两到三小时

难度:适中



Bláhnjúkur山沿线

第二条路线是Bláhnjúkur山(“蓝峰”)沿线,海拔940米。整个徒步过程中,您将被周围熔岩流和沉淀火山灰的的深黑色和蓝色所震撼。这座山坐落在Brennisteinsalda硫磺火山旁边,在晴朗的日子里,可以从山顶俯瞰五个不同的冰川。对于热爱风光摄影的人来说,这是冰岛最佳的徒步路线之一。

 

距离:6.6公里

耗时:一到两小时

难度:适中

兰德曼纳劳卡(Landmannalaugar)是世界上最适合徒步旅行者的地方之一。

Ljótipollur火山口湖沿线

还可以选择徒步前往洛提坡鲁尔(Ljótipollur)火山口湖,其英文名为“丑陋的水坑(Ugly Puddle)”。不要因为名字而却步,Ljótipollur可一点儿都不丑。深邃美丽的湖泊与周围的红色堤坝和黑色砾石形成鲜明的对比,徒步线路沿途风光也展现了高地景观的多样性,这一路都会让您目不暇接。

距离:13公里
耗时:四小时
难度:适中

Laugavegur & 菲姆沃罗豪尔斯Fimmvörðuháls

兰德曼纳劳卡是冰岛一个备受欢迎的徒步区,以其多彩的山脉而闻名。

这条路线可以一起完成,也可分开进行。兰德曼纳劳卡和索斯莫克山谷(Þórsmörk)之间是Laugavegur(又名Laugavegurinn),以雷克雅未克的主要街道命名。索斯莫克山谷和斯科加尔(Skógar)之间的路线被称为菲姆沃罗豪尔斯(Fimmvörðuháls)。

Laugavegur

On the Laugavegurinn trail, you won't find souvenir stores, bars, cafes, clothing outlets, or galleries - only spectacular scenery. This name can confuse guests to the island, as Reykjavik's Laugavegur shopping street carries the same name as this hike in the Central Highlands.

But if it's the hike you're after, then decide which way you want to go and travel by bus to either Landmannalaugar or Thorsmork to start your long hike. Most people opt to start from Landmannalaugar as this way you ascend less in altitude.

Traditionally, the route takes two to four days with overnight stays at the mountain huts of Hrafntinnusker, Hvanngil, Emstrur, and Alftavatn. There are also mountain huts at the start and end of the hike, in Landmannalaugar and Thorsmork. If you have not booked a hut in advance, then it's also possible to camp by the huts (but you'll need to bring your tent with you).

Distance: 34 miles (55 kilometers)
Duration: Four days
Difficulty: Moderate to difficult

Thorsmork marks the end of the Laugavegur trail.

Fimmvorduhals Trail

If 34 miles (55 kilometers) isn't long enough for you, then you can extend the hike one more day by adding the Fimmvorduhals trail. It's an incredibly picturesque area between the Eyjafjallajokull volcano and Myrdalsjokull glaciers. The route begins from Thorsmork and continues for 14 miles (22 kilometers) past countless waterfalls, ice sheets, and volcanic fissures to Skogar.

If you're only planning to hike the Fimmvorduhals trail, but not the Laugavegurinn trail, it's more common to start at Skogar and end in Thorsmork. The entire hike takes around 10-12 hours, and some people decide to do it over two days, spending one night in a cabin along the way.

Hikers through the Fimmvorduhals trail will climb up to 3,300 feet (1,000 meters) to navigate their way to the trail's end.

Book your mountain huts through the Iceland Tour Association and get a highland hiking bus passport for an easy ride to and from your starting and ending locations.

Or if you're driving yourself, you can leave your car at Hvolsvollur and hop on a day tour to Thorsmork in a Super Jeep because you'll need to cross some serious, unbridged rivers to get there. Then enjoy spending the day doing short hikes within Thorsmork.

Distance: 16 miles (25.7 kilometers)
Duration: One to two days
Difficulty: Difficult



Hiking the Hornstrandir Nature Reserve in the Westfjords

Hornstrandir, in the Westfjords, is arguably Iceland's most remote region.Photo from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, photo by Mickaël Delcey. No edits made



The Hornstrandir Nature Reserve, in the Westfjords, is one of the most isolated regions in the country, famous for its towering bird cliffs, complete lack of development, and the curious population of arctic foxes.

Hiking through the Hornstrandir Nature Reserve will present Icelandic nature like never before. The authenticity of such a natural environment is truly breathtaking and provides an experience unlike that found elsewhere in Iceland.



The region has no shops, no roads, and no permanent inhabitants. In essence, this is one of the ultimate Iceland backpacking trails into the wild. Hiking in the Hornstrandir Nature Reserve requires one overnight stay, at the very least, so you'll have to bring everything with you from the mainland.

Hornstrandir is a protected nature reserve and is home to a large population of Arctic Fox, Iceland's only native mammal.Photo by Jonatan Pie

To reach the Hornstrandir Nature Reserve, you'll need to take a boat from Isafjordur or the tiny fishing hamlet of Bolungarvik.

Arriving at the small harbor of Hesteyri, most hikers will choose to embark on a nine-mile (15-kilometer) hike toward the picturesque bay of Hloduvik. Depending on your pace, this will usually take four to six hours. Several cabins at the bay make it an ideal place to set up camp for the night.

On your second day, you'll climb the steep slopes of Skalarkambur, a coastal mountain where you'll gain incredible panoramic views of the surrounding fjords. After reaching the other side of the mountain, you'll hike a couple of miles down into a bay called Rekavik (not to be confused with Reykjavik!).

From here, you'll continue your way to Hornvik, where you can set up camp for the night. If you have the energy to spare, it's possible to hike a further couple of hours to the farmstead at Horn, where you can also set up camp. By walking to the farmstead on your second day, you'll position yourself closer to the incredible bird cliffs (and the jewel of the Hornstrandir Nature Reserve), Hornbjarg.

Hiking in Iceland is authentic, cheap and full of adventure. Don't miss your chance to hike during your trip.

The Hornbjarg cliff is immediately enchanting; the scenery is a lush green field often decorated with ethereal cloud cover. Crawling (very carefully) to the cliff's edge, one will gain the perspective of a 1,640-foot (500-meter) vertical drop into the ocean, made all the more surreal by the hundreds of thousands of seabirds flying and nesting around the rock face.

Of course, use common sense while navigating your way around Hornbjarg cliff. After all, it's a very, very long way to fall. The cliff face seen in the pictures is known as Kalfatindar.

Your final day at the Hornstrandir Nature Reserve will see you hike up over a mountain pass from Hornvik bay into the fjord, Veidileysufjordur. From here, you'll take a boat back to the mainland, where we recommend a fish dinner at the famous Tjoruhusid Restaurant in Isafjordur. If you're planning to visit this remote region, make sure to book accommodations in the Westfjords.

Viknaslodir Hiking Trails in the Eastfjords

The Viknaslodir area in East Iceland has many hiking trails and is often called "The Trails of the Inlets." It's recommended to spend from five to 10 days hiking here. The area is split into the North and South, but it's also possible to do a highlight trek in five days. The trail is around 93.2-miles (150-kilometers) long, which is considered one of the best hikes in Iceland.

Expect dramatic mountains, spectacular seafront views, stunning beaches, beautiful fjords, colorful mountains, green valleys, and azure blue waters.

Note that hiking in this area should only be attempted in the summer season, as the roads leading to Borgarfjordur Eystri (or the East of Iceland in general) may be closed off in winter due to heavy snow. So you wouldn't even be able to reach the start of your destination, and the huts along the way are not open in the winter to keep you warm.

Borgarfjordur Eystri to Seydisfjordur Hike

Borgarfjordur Eystri is a beautiful and remote corner of the East Fjords.

Between the towns of Borgarfjordur Eystri and Seydisfjordur is a spectacular hike of 34.1 miles (55 kilometers), the same length as Laugavegurinn. The trek takes you along the coast of Eastfjords past the town of Husavik and often takes three to four days to hike.

It's most notable for the stunning view of the North Atlantic Ocean passing little farmstead and dramatic mountains.

Distance: 34.1 miles (55 kilometers)
Duration: Three to four days
Difficulty: Difficult

Best Day Hikes in Iceland

There are plenty of shorter hikes to be found in Iceland's countryside. Many start at campsites in Iceland, and it's wise to ask the locals about the best hikes. But Iceland's three national parks also boast some beautiful and accessible hikes. Here are the best day hikes in Iceland.

Öxarárfoss waterfall inside Þingvellir National Park in Iceland

Oxararfoss Waterfall Hike in the Thingvellir National Park

In the Thingvellir National Park, almost every visitor hikes through the massive gorge Almannagja. The word "hike" may not even be appropriate, as it's more of a walk. There are wide paths, many of which have wooden slats and are wheelchair-accessible.

At the top of the Almannagja gorge, you'll have a view over Iceland's largest lake, Thingvallavatn, and the Oxararfoss waterfall is just a short walk away.

Distance: 2.6 miles (4.2 kilometers)
Duration: One to two hours
Difficulty: Easy

Gatklettur rock is visible on a hike between Arnarstapi and Hellnar in Iceland

Arnarstapi to Hellnar Hike in the Snaefellsjokull National Park

In the Snaefellsjokull National Park, there's a popular but straightforward hike between the tiny hamlets of Arnarstapi and Hellnar on the Snaefellsnes peninsula.

It takes you along the beautiful coastline, with several arched rocks, pillars, basalt columns, and a view towards the Snaefellsjokull glacier throughout the route. This walk is mostly on flat land, with minimal ups and downs on a narrow path.

Distance: 1.9 miles (3.1 kilometers)
Duration: One hour
Difficulty: Easy

Svartifoss Waterfall Hike in Vatnajokull National Park

Svartifoss waterfall hike in Vatnajokull National Park, Iceland

In Vatnajokull National Park, there's a beautiful waterfall called Svartifoss, or the Black Falls. From the visitor center at Skaftafell Nature Reserve, it's a moderately easy hike uphill to the waterfall and downhill, returning the same way.

A few other hikes continue around, but this is the easiest one, also called the Waterfalls Trail.

Distance: Two miles (3.2 kilometers)
Duration: One hour
Difficulty: Easy to moderate

Skogafoss Waterfall Hike

Skogafoss waterfall hike in South Iceland

Skogafoss waterfall is part of the Fimmvorduhals Trails, but since it's one of the first waterfalls you encounter, you can hike there and back out. It's the most popular attraction on the south coast, dropping over 197 feet (60 meters) with a width of 82 feet (25 meters).

Distance: 4.2 miles (6.8 kilometers)
Duration: 45 minutes
Difficulty: Moderate

Dettifoss Waterfall to Selfoss Waterfalls Hike

The Dettifoss and Selfoss waterfall hike does not disappoint!

Dettifoss and Selfoss waterfalls are located in the Vatnajokull National Park near Husavik in Northeast Iceland. Selfoss waterfall is upstream from Dettifoss waterfall, and they have an east and west side. The east side is better for seeing Selfoss waterfall in all its glory, while the trek on the west side is shorter.

You can hike both trails if you're driving as both start by a car park and make for a fun project.

Distance: 2.2 miles (3.5 kilometers)
Duration: One to two hours
Difficulty: Easy

Seljalandsfoss Waterfall to Gljufrafoss Waterfalls Hike

On the hike between Seljalandsfoss and Gljufrafoss waterfalls in South Iceland

There's an easy hike between the Seljalandsfoss and Gljufrafoss waterfalls in South Iceland near the town of Thorsmerkurvegur. The water comes from the Eyjafjallajokull glacier, and there's a small cave behind the Seljalandsfoss waterfall. With a drop of 200 feet (60 meters), be prepared to get wet by the spray if you want to enter the cave.

Distance: 1.9 kilometers
Duration: 30 minutes to one hour
Difficulty: Easy

Gullfoss Waterfall Hike

Gullfoss waterfall is breathtaking and the hike there is highly recommended.

One of the top attractions in Iceland, the Gullfoss waterfall is a wide waterfall that is part of the Golden Circle route, so it's best to visit early. Even in the winter, 358 cubic feet (109 cubic meters) of water cascade down the fall per second, making for a dramatic sight.

Distance: 1.3 miles (2.1 kilometers)
Duration: 30 minutes to one hour
Difficulty: Easy

Hikes Around Reykjavik Area

If you're looking for the best day hikes from Reykjavik, then you have plenty of options. The following are just a few examples, and we urge you to research more options.

Hiking in the Reykjanes Peninsula

Almost all those arriving in Iceland will visit the Reykjanes peninsula at one point or another during their trip. After all, this is the home of Keflavik International Airport, the world-famous Blue Lagoon Spa, "The Bridge Between The Continents" in Sandvik, the Krysuvik geothermal area, and numerous other cultural attractions and towns.

The Reykjanes Peninsula has a wealth of hiking trails.

The Reykjanes Peninsula is better for those looking to hike close to Reykjavik. The peninsula landscape is dark, diverse, cragged, and full of opportunity, be it the great swathes of geothermal activity, the hidden cave networks, the towering mountains, or the scenic coastlines.

Keilir Mountain Hike

One of the most popular and accessible hikes on the Reykjanes Peninsula is climbing to the summit of the cone-shaped, hyaloclastite mountain, Keilir. The mountain peaks at 1,280 feet (390 meters), with steep, sweeping sides challenging unfit and underprepared hikers. Due to the steep elevation, many hikers choose to summit Keilir when there's still frost on the ground to avoid slipping on the mud and loose gravel.

Distance: 4.4 miles (7.1 kilometers)
Duration: Two to three hours
Difficulty: Moderate

The Reykjanes Peninsula has many abandoned buildings.

Hafnir to Hafnaberg Hike

Another route available is hiking from the sleepy fishing settlement of Hafnir toward the low-lying cliffs, Hafnaberg. Hafnaberg is a local favorite amongst birdwatchers, and visitors can expect to see nesting razorbills, fulmars, guillemots, and kittiwakes, among other species.



The cliffs of Hafnaberg are also a well-known observation point for seeing whales, dolphins, and seals swimming off the Reykjanes coastline. Just make sure not to stand too close to the cliff's edge. The rocks are notoriously unstable, so best to keep a few meters back to prevent accidents.

Those partaking in the Hafnir-Hafnaberg hike will also have the opportunity to see two other significant attractions of the Reykjanes Peninsula. The first is the "Bridge Between the Continents," otherwise known as Midlina or "Leif The Lucky Bridge," a 49.2-feet (15-meter) walkway between the exposed North American and Eurasian tectonic plates. On one side of the bridge, a plaque reads "Welcome to America," on the other, "Welcome to Europe."

Distance: Driving distance is eight miles (12.8 kilometers)
Duration: 40 minutes
Difficulty: Easy

Hiking to Reykjadalur Hot River Valley

Reykjadalur Valley is considered a semi-easy hike, roughly two hours each way, approximately 7 km long.Photo from Hot Spring Hike of Reykjadalur Valley

Reykjadalur Valley ("Steam Valley") is another option for those looking to explore the region surrounding Reykjavik to its fullest. As the name implies, Reykjadalur is a geothermal area, as popular amongst hikers as those who enjoy relaxing in natural hot pools and rivers. Of course, there's no reason to choose one or another. Destressing your body in a hot pool is probably the best, most immediate means of relaxing your muscles post-hike.

Reykjadalur Valley is considered a semi-easy hike and encompasses a fantastic diversity of natural attractions, from steaming vents to dramatic mountainscapes to rumbling waterfalls.

Distance: 4.3 miles (seven kilometers)
Duration: Two hours each way
Difficulty: Easy

Hiking to Esjan Mountain

Esjan is the Reykjavik mountain, looking over the city on its outskirts. To reach the mountain's roots and the start of the hike, you can take a Straeto city bus (Nos 57 or 29). The bus stop is called "Esjuraetur - Hiking Center."

The mountain is not that tall, only 3,000 feet (914 meters), but don't let that deceive you. It's a rather demanding hike, especially near the top, where climbing is necessary. There are ropes and steps provided for the climb at the top.

It's also possible to hike only short sections of it, as the hike up is divided into six sections, with the top one being at Thverfellshorn, which is 2,560-feet (780-meters) high. This section is the most common hiking route to the top of Esjan, although other ways are also available.

Mt Esja and Reykjavík, IcelandPhoto from Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Martin Putz. No edits made.

Climbing to the top is not recommended in winter except for experienced hikers. The conditions each day should always be considered, as there have been fatal incidents when an avalanche occurred during a time of year with heavy snow.

However, the views are great, and it's accessible all year round (weather depending), and the hike to the top is only around two hours and much quicker going down. If you stop at Steinn, the hike is much easier and suitable for families.

Distance: 8.7 miles (14 kilometers)
Duration: Three to four hours
Difficulty: Moderate to difficult



Hiking to Helgafell Mountain

About 11.7 miles (18.8 kilometers) south of Reykjavik is Helgafell mountain. It's very near to the town of Hafnarfjordur and a popular hiking destination for locals.

The mountain is only 1,152-feet (351-meters) tall, and it takes an hour and a half to hike it (so perfect for taking kids along with you). Then you're rewarded with an impressive view over Reykjavik and towards the Reykjanes peninsula.

Most people start the hike from Kaldarbotnar, where an obvious trail can be found. The first part of the path is along flat lava until you reach the northeast side of the mountain, and then you can hike up the side of the mountain, all the way to the top.

Distance: 6.5 miles (10.5 kilometers)
Duration: Three to four hours
Difficulty: Moderate



Hiking to Glymur Waterfall

Glymur waterfall is Iceland's second tallest waterfall after the Morsarfoss waterfall and is much more accessible. First, however, you must drive 31.6 miles (50.8 kilometers) from Reykjavik to the bottom of Hvalfjordur fjord.

The hike goes through a natural cave and crosses a river on a big tree trunk before climbing a fairly steep mountainside. The scenery is stunning and varied, however, and if you find the climb too tiresome, you don't need to go all the way to the top of the waterfall, and you'll be able to get a good view of it after only an hour or so of hiking.

It's possible to hike up to the top of the waterfall on both sides of the river; then, you can cross the river itself at the top of the waterfall (depending on the conditions) - only a few feet from the actual drop!

To get to the starting point, you'll need to rent a car and drive to the parking lot nearby in Botnsdalur as no bus routes are going there.

Another much longer hike called Leggjabrjotur (Legbraker) starts from the same location and ends at Thingvellir. That hike is about 11.8 miles (19 kilometers) but only goes one way.

Distance: 4.3 miles (6.9 kilometers)
Duration: About three hours to complete the loop
Difficulty: Moderate



Best Glacier Hikes in Iceland

Some of the best glacier hikes in Iceland are near the Skaftafell Nature Reserve and perhaps the most demanding trail in the area to Iceland's tallest mountain: Hvannadalshnukur. Many glacier hike tours are part of multi-day tours that visit the stunning Jokulsarlon glacier lagoon

We're only talking about glacier hikes here. See our guide to glacier tours in Iceland for other glacier activities.

Hvannadalshnukur Hike in Vatnajokull National Park

Hvannadalshnjukur is located in Vatnajokull National Park.Photo by Wikimedia, Creative Commons, by Gummao. No edits made.

For the hike to Hvannadalshnukur mountain, you'll need plenty of stamina and an experienced mountain guide. Hikers must hike in a harness and a line, so previous experience with trekking on ice is recommended.

The Hvannadalshnukur mountain stands at 6,923 feet (2,110 meters) with many crevasses and a staggering elevation gain. It's the highest peak of the Oraefajokull volcanic glacier in Vatnajokull National Park. So while it's a beautiful hike, you should assess your abilities and gears before attempting this one.

Distance: 18 miles (28.6 kilometers)
Duration: 10 to 15 hours
Difficulty: Difficult

Svinafellsjoukull Glacier Hike

The amazing views over Skaftafell from Svínafellsjökull in summer.

Given the Hvannadalshnukur mountain's high hiking threshold, the most popular glacier hike destination is the Svinafellsjoukill glacier. It's an outlet glacier of Vatnajokull with many sharp ridges that make for dramatic pictures. The higher elevation also means you can see all the other glaciers and mountains of Vatnajokull National Park and beyond.

Although it's less cold in the summer, winter is the best time to visit for vivid blue color and a chance to see the ice caves. It's perfect for adventurous travelers to Iceland and one of the top-rated glacier hikes on Vatnajokull.

Falljokull Glacier Hike

Falljokull glacier hike in Iceland

The Falljokull glacier is called the "Falling Glacier" because its massive ice falls make for a stunning sight. It's an outlet glacier of Oraefajokull glacier in South Iceland, which is an outlet glacier of the Vatnajokull glacier. There's a guided glacier hiking tour on Falljokull glacier with transfers from Skaftafell, with ice cave visits possible in the winter.

Distance: Varies by tour
Duration: Three to 5.5 hours
Difficulty: Difficult

Solheimajokull Glacier Hike

Solheimajokull glacier hike in South Iceland is a great day-trip from Reykjavik

The Solheimajokull glacier in South Iceland is a closer option for those coming from Reykjavik. It's near the Eyjafjallajokull volcano, and glacier hikers might sometimes glimpse the volcano.

It stands out with the lack of tall mountains around it, providing an incredible view, and the nature of the ice means ice climbing is possible. You can either opt for a glacier hiking tour to Solheimajokull glacier or combine it on a more extended day trip.

Additional Hiking Locations in Iceland

Hiking in Kerlingarfjöll in the Icelandic Highlands

The regions mentioned above are only a selection of the best hiking in Iceland. For those arriving, be content in the knowledge that pretty much wherever you go in Iceland, there is an excellent place for hiking or a nice Icelandic walk.

Other notable regions include the area surrounding Lake Myvatn, such as Dimmuborgir lava field and Hverfjall volcano, various locations in South Iceland, the coastlines of the southern part of the Eastfjords, the Snaefellsnes peninsula, and more areas in the Icelandic Highlands, such as the Kerlingarfjoll mountain range or Hveravellir geothermal area.

So don't delay! Time to plan your trekking in Iceland and experience for yourself the majesty of "The Land of Fire and Ice!"

Did you enjoy our article about hiking in Iceland? What hiking routes would you pick or recommend? Please, feel free to leave your thoughts and queries in the comments box below. 

热门攻略

读读这些

Link to appstore phone
安装冰岛最大的旅行应用程序

将冰岛最大的旅行平台下载到您的手机中,一站式管理您的整个行程

使用手机摄像头扫描此二维码,然后点击显示的链接,将冰岛最大的旅行平台添加到您的手机中。输入您的电话号码或电子邮件地址,以接收包含下载链接的短信或电子邮件。