了解 横跨两大洲之桥

冰岛雷克雅内斯半岛上的横跨两大洲之桥跨越了北美与亚欧两大板块图片来自Wikimedia, Creative Commons, 摄影师Chris 73

横跨两大洲之桥(Bridge between Continents)坐落于冰岛西南部的雷克雅内斯半岛(Reykjanes),跨越了北美与亚欧两大地质板块间的大裂缝。

大西洋中脊与板块分界

标准着北美与亚欧板块分界的大西洋中脊纵贯冰岛全境,以一道裂缝将冰岛一分为二;冰岛西部冰岛北部内陆高地的绝大部分地区均属北美板块,其余地区则属亚欧板块。

板块分界处的断层线从雷克雅内斯半岛中央穿过,经由内陆高地向北延展,直至米湖附近的阿斯基亚火山(Askja)与克拉夫拉火山(Krafla)。

观测板块分界地貌的最佳地点是黄金圈景区辛格维利尔国家公园(Þingvellir)。游客有机会在两大板块之间的巨型裂谷中漫步,近距离领略数万年的地质运动勾勒出的神奇地质纹理。辛格维利尔也因其独特的地理与历史意义,被联合国教科文组织认证为世界遗产。

辛格维利尔的板块分界裂谷宽达数千米,横跨两大洲之桥虽然仅为15米,却极具象征意义。站立在天桥之上,游客也置身于板块分界的裂谷之中;在收获“左脚美洲、右脚亚欧”的独特体验的同时,更能将两大板块的风光尽收眼底。在横跨两大洲之桥,游客将亲身领略冰岛地理地质的无限壮丽,尽赏雷克雅内斯半岛的火山熔岩异世之景。

如何前往横跨两大洲之桥?

冰岛夏季午夜阳光下的横跨两大洲之桥,周围是雷克雅内斯半岛的开阔熔岩原图片来自Flickr, 摄影师Giuseppe Milo

横跨两大洲之桥位于雷克雅内斯半岛的西岸边缘。从首都雷克雅未克租车自驾出发,游客需经由40号公路一路向南进发,接下来并入41号公路,再并入44号公路;继续前行,44号公路将改号为425号公路,持续南下即可抵达横跨两大洲之桥。

横跨两大洲之桥、GunnuhverKrysuvík地热区、克莱瓦湖(Kleifarvatn)、蓝湖温泉都是雷克雅内斯半岛景区不容错过的必游景点。

附近的旅行资源 横跨两大洲之桥

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 横跨两大洲之桥

Miðnesheiði荒地

Miðnesheiði is a heath on the Reykjanes peninsula. Keflavik airport is located on this heath, as well as the abandoned American military base....

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Eldvörp火山口

  Eldvorp is a crater row of scoria and spatter cones located northwest of Grindavik on the Reykjanes peninsula in Southwest Iceland. The area...

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尼亚兹维克

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Marek Slusarczyk. Njarðvík is a town located on the Reykjanes Peninsula in the southwestern ...

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凯夫拉维克

凯夫拉维克(Keflavík,意为“浮木湾”)是冰岛西南部雷克雅内斯半岛(Reykjanes)上的一座市镇,与首都雷克雅未克相距47公里,是冰岛国际机场的所在地。 1995年,凯夫拉维克与尼亚兹维克(Njarðvík)、哈布尼尔(Ha...

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冰岛凯夫拉维克国际机场

凯夫拉维克国际机场(Keflavík,机场代号KEF)是冰岛唯一一座国际机场,也是冰岛旅行者的必经门户。2016年,机场通行人次达七百万。 机场历史 凯夫拉维克国际机场实际上是二战历史的产物。当时的冰岛仍归丹麦所有;纳粹德国入侵丹麦后,英军考虑到冰岛占领的重要战略位置,遂决定向...

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Hvalneskirkja岩石教堂

  Hvalneskirkja is a beautiful stone church in Hvalnes on the Reykjanes peninsula, built in the years 1886-87. The church's altarpiece is ...

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三得格斯

  Sandgerdi is a village on the Reykjanes peninsula, covering the western shore of Midnes to the northernmost part of the peninsula, Gardskagi. ...

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雷克雅内斯半岛

雷克雅内斯半岛(Reykjanes,雷恰内斯半岛)位于冰岛西南岸,以熔岩原、火山地貌与活跃的地热活动而闻名。 火山地热活动 大西洋中脊横贯雷克雅内斯半岛,亚欧与北美两大地质板块亦于此交界,半岛上的火山地质运动也因此无比活跃,火山喷发与地震时常发生。熔岩原是这座半岛最具标志性的地貌。 中世纪...

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蓝湖温泉

冰岛蓝湖温泉(Blue Lagoon)位于冰岛西南部的雷克雅内斯半岛(Reykjanes)上,是冰岛最著名的旅游景点与地热温泉之一。 蓝湖温泉距离冰岛凯夫拉维克国际机场约15~20分钟车程;距离冰岛首都雷克雅未克约50分钟车程。温泉居于机场和首都之间,许多游客会将蓝湖温泉行程安排在抵达或离开...

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斯瓦特森基发电站

  The Svartsengi Power Station is a geothermal powerstation on the Reykjanes peninsula. Its energy, as of 2007, measures at 76.5 MW, with abou...

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Sandvík与横跨两大洲之桥

Sandvik, by the southwest tip of the Reykjanes peninsula, is a popular destination for travellers, best known for its continental bridge. The Reykjan...

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格林达维克

Grindavík is a fishing town on the southern side of Reykjanes Peninsula. It has a population of approximately 3,300 people. Industry and Cul...

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Hópsnes半岛

Hopsnes (a.k.a. Thorkotlustadanes) is a small peninsula in Grindavik in Southwest Iceland. Many ships have stranded at Hopsnes and can be seen from t...

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Brimketill火山岩泳池

Brimketill is a coastal rock pool on the Reykjanes Peninsula, renowned for its differing beauty between the seasons and its folklore. Folklore at B...

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Búri洞穴

Buri, in the Leitahraun lava field on the Reykjanes peninsula, is widely considered to be the most spectacular lava tube in Iceland. This lava tube w...

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古纳威尔热泉

Gunnuhver is the name of an impressive and colourful geothermal field of various mud pools and fumaroles in the southwest part of the Reykjanes Peni...

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雷克雅内斯灯塔

Reykjanesvíti is the oldest lighthouse in Iceland, located on the tip of the Reykjanes Peninsula. History of Reykjanesvíti Lighthous...

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凯利尔山

Mt. Keilir is a volcanic mountain, southwest of Hafnarfjörður, and is the most recognisable landmark on the Reykjanes Peninsula. For vis...

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Selatangar遗址

Photo from: The Ruins of Selatangar.  Selatangar is the ruins of a coastal fishing station in Iceland. It can be found in the south of the Reyk...

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Spákonuvatn火山口湖

Spákonuvatn is a beautiful crater lake on the Reykjanes Peninsula, surrounded by the haunting lunar landscapes that define this region. Loca...

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