了解 卡特拉地质公园

The landscape of Skaftafell within the Katla Global Geopark in South Iceland.

Katla Global Geopark is a project of UNESCO and the European Geoparks Network, with the aims of promoting sustainable development and protecting the natural environment within a designated space surrounding one of Iceland’s most active and known volcanoes, Katla. 

Katla Global Geopark is the first Geopark designated in Iceland. Its borders lie between the rivers Eystri Rangá and Núpsvötn in the south, and stratovolcano Bárðabunga underneath Vatnajökull glacier in the north. Within the park, you’ll find volcanoes, glaciers, black beaches, lava fields and waterfalls. With a strong emphasis on sustainable nature tourism, the park is set to introduce visitors to environmental values and local culture.

Geology and Nature

The nature of Katla Global Geopark is singular on a worldwide scale, due to glacial outbursts having created vast black sand plains, while the lowlands are cut through by glacier rivers. Underneath ice-capped mountains rest powerful volcanoes, including the world's largest volcanic canyon Eldgjá and the crater row Lakagígar, both of which have created the lava fields and pseudocraters that dot the area. 

Extraordinarily varied rock formations are also found everywhere within the park, as well as numerous waterfalls that have their sources in the park’s glaciers and glacial rivers. These include the famous South Coast falls of Skógafoss, Seljalandsfoss and Gljúfrabúi. Besides from Katla volcano, Iceland’s most notorious volcanic ice cap Eyjafjallajökull―that last erupted in 2010 with massive effects on European air traffic―is also within the park.

History and Culture

The Geopark is characterised by a long history of active volcanism and glacial outbursts. Since the Settlement of Iceland, this interplay has greatly affected human life and cultivation in the area. The park includes many old buildings, historic farmsteads and ancient ruins, such as the turf chapel at Núpstaður and fishing village Kirkjubæjarklaustur

附近的旅行资源 卡特拉地质公园

所有种类 50km 半径

附近的景点 卡特拉地质公园

埃尔德熔岩原

埃尔德熔岩原(Eldhraun,意为“火熔岩”)位于冰岛南部高地之上,于数百年前的一次巨型火山爆发中诞生,这也是有史记载以来世界上规模最大的火山爆发之一。著名的拉基火山口(Lakagígar)亦形成于此。 1783~1784年的Skaftár...

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羽毛峡谷

Fjaðrárgljúfur is a beautiful, dramatic canyon in South Iceland, close to the historic town of Kirkjubæjarklaustur. Fjað...

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修女之石

Systrastapi (“Sister’s Rock”) is a historical rock hill and natural attraction west of the village of Kirkjubæjarklaustur, in ...

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教堂镇

图片来自Regína Hrönn Ragnarsdóttir 教堂镇(Kirkjubæjarklaustur,当地人也称“Klaustur”)是冰岛南岸Skaftárhreppur大区的一座小城镇,约有120名...

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Fagrifoss瀑布

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Nave111. Fagrifoss (the Beautiful Waterfall) is located in southeast Iceland near the Lakagígar ...

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Myrdalssandur黑沙滩

Mýrdalssandur is an outwash plain located between the rivers of Kúðafljót, in the east, and Múlakvísl, in the w...

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Þakgil峡谷

Þakgil意为“屋顶峡谷”,位于冰岛南岸维克镇(Vík)东北方向20公里处,两地之间车程约为30分钟。 Þakgil是冰岛南岸的小众景点之一,坐落于米尔达斯冰川(Mýrdalsjökull)与其外洗平原米尔...

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南部冰岛

冰岛南岸是冰岛最受欢迎、最热门的旅游景区之一,也是冰岛明星必游景点最为集中的地区。 黄金圈、杰古沙龙冰河湖(Jökulsárlón)、斯科加瀑布(Skógafoss)、塞里雅兰瀑布(Seljalandsfoss)、斯卡夫塔山等游客们耳熟能详、...

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卡特拉火山

卡特拉火山(Katla)是冰岛最活跃的大型火山之一,绝大部分掩藏于冰岛南岸的米尔达斯冰川(Mýrdalsjökull,冰岛第四大冰川)之下。卡特拉火山平均每五十年喷发一次,但上一次喷发是在1918年,至今已有百年未曾活动。科学家预测,火山在未来仍有喷发的可能。 卡特拉火...

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Hjörleifshöfði山

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by, Axel Krisinsson.  Hjörleifshöfði is a 221 m (725 ft) high mountain in South Iceland...

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埃尔德焦峡谷

图片来自Wikimedia, Creative Commons, 摄影师Ilya Grigorik 冰岛南部的埃尔德焦峡谷(Eldgjá,或称“埃尔加火山裂缝”)是世界上最大的火山峡谷。 峡谷深达270米,宽逾600米,纵横绵延40公里,连接着中央内陆高...

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丝语瀑布

Credit: Wikimedia, Creative Commons. Photo by Debivort. Foss á Síðu is a historic farm in southeast Iceland, renowned for its folkl...

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Strútslaug天然地热温泉

Strutslaug (also known as Holmsarbotnalaug) is a geothermal pool in the South Highlands, north of Myrdalsjokull glacier and close to Torfajokull glaci...

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米达尔斯冰原

米达尔斯冰川(Mýrdalsjökull)坐落于冰岛南部高地区域,是冰岛的第四大冰川,冰盖面积达600平方公里,最高处海拔约1500米;活跃的卡特拉火山(Katla)即掩藏于冰川巅峰之下。 沿一号环岛公路在冰岛南岸自驾,行驶至维克镇(Vík)以北路段时,在...

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蓝山

图片来自Wikimedia, Creative Commons, 摄影师Reykholt 蓝山(Bláfjöll,另名布拉丘陵)是冰岛西南部的一条火山山脉,以绝美的地质风光而闻名,亦是冰岛最热门的滑雪胜地之一。游客还可在蓝山体验徒步旅行与岩洞探秘的乐趣。 蓝山与首都雷克雅...

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Uxatindar山

Uxatindar is a mountain peak in the southern highlands which stands 642 metres above sea level. It is green with moss throughout summer and is ...

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维克镇

维克镇(Vík),全名为Vík í Mýdral,是冰岛主岛上最南端的小镇,距离首都雷克雅未克约186公里。 维克镇是冰岛一号环岛公路南岸沿线的著名旅游景点,无论是租车自驾还是参加冰岛本地旅行团。虽然小镇人口仅为300余人,维克镇的基础设...

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南岸

南岸是冰岛最为著名的旅游观光线路之一,与黄金圈不相上下。 自位于西南角的首都雷克雅未克(Reykjavik)起,南海岸线一直向东延伸至杰古沙龙冰河湖(Jökulsárlón),一路美景不断,瀑布、火山、黑沙滩、冰川点缀其间,秀丽与浩瀚之景并存。 地理、自...

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雷尼斯加尔山崖

  Reynisfjall is a tuff mountain on the South Coast of Iceland. It is five kilometres (three miles) long, 800 metres (2625 ft) wide and 340 metr...

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雷尼斯岩柱群

雷尼斯岩柱群(Reynisdrangar),又译雷尼斯德兰格,位于冰岛南岸的维克镇(Vík)旁,毗邻闻名遐迩的雷尼斯黑沙滩(Reynisfjara)。 雷尼斯玄武岩矗立于大西洋中,是古时海崖的遗骸。岩柱在海浪中傲然挺立,与雷尼斯山(Reynisfjall)的岩壁相对而望,独有一份...

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